The Black Death Life, Death and Changes in the Middle Ages 1300 - 1450Slide 2
Time Traveler: Could you mix in? What might you change about your appearance?Slide 3
So, how was life?Slide 4
Housing: Life in the Castle Smokey, Smelly and dirty! Absence of protection. Be that as it may, safe – as a rule!Slide 5
Life in the Castles were not for "solace." Safety as a matter of first importance! The respectable, his family and steadfast knights who could battle. Sustenance and domesticated animals Wealth. Laborers – IF there was any room left. Not frequently!Slide 6
Life for the Peasants Smokey, rancid and dirty. An absence of shading in life. Almost no wellbeing! Needed to protect themselves. Needed to do whatever the nobles needed them to do.Slide 7
Life of the Church Middle Ages the "Congregation" was Catholic. The colossal religious communities were being manufactured. Spots of riches, adapting, now and again accommodation for explorers and the debilitated.Slide 8
Statistics of the 1300s (preceding the Plague) Average Life Expectancy: 30 Average Pregnancy Rate for Women: 17, with half possibility of kicking the bucket in labor. Baby Mortality Rate: 70%Slide 9
Health and Diet If a respectable: starlings, vultures, gulls, herons, cormorants, swans, cranes, peacocks, capons, chickens, dogfish, porpoises, seals, whale, haddock, hedgehogs, cod, salmon, sardines, lamprey eels, crawfish and clams. Turnips, parsnips, carrots, peas and fava beans were regular vegetables, and utilization of onions and garlic was normal. Bunches of wine and lager. 2 dinners a daySlide 10
Health and Diet for Peasants? 2 - 3 pounds of bread, 8 ounces of meat or fish and 2 - 3 pints of brew for each day. The bread was normally mean of rye, oats, or grain. Meat was costly and normally just accessible on uncommon events. Regularly eggs, spread, or cheddar were substituted for meat.Slide 11
Health and Diet for Peasants Vegetables, for example, onions, leeks, cabbage, garlic, turnips, parsnips, peas and beans were staples. Natural products were accessible in season. 2 suppers a day.Slide 12
Health No anti-infection agents. No comprehension of sanitation. A conviction that disease was God\'s discipline for something you have done. Journeys and compensation would make you well.Slide 13
Life was basically the same from 900 - 1300 You could\'ve gone all through Europe and not discovered numerous distinctions. The vast majority didn\'t travel more than seven miles from their homes. Special cases: Crusaders, Pilgrimages, Wars, and Entertainers.Slide 14
So, What Changed? Exchange, The Hundred Year War, and the Black DeathSlide 15
Two Big Changes in the 1300s A vendor class was recently starting. Setting out to bring back merchandise from the Middle East and Asia.Slide 16
The Silk Road 5000 miles. Normal Travel Time for a man to leave Europe, go to China or India and return? 7 – 10 years.Slide 17
The Silk RoadSlide 18
What was so profitable to bring back? silk, glossy silks, musks, rubies, precious stones, pearls, ivory, gold, glass, porcelain, outlandish creatures and plants. Flavors! PEPPER! Salts Rhubarb??Slide 19
Marco Polo With his dad and uncle he made the whole trek. Gone 24 years. Brought back pasta, rubies, silks, a compass, and unbelievable stories. The Book of WondersSlide 20
Life was changing a direct result of exchange! Europe was getting a "taste" for the products from Asia and the Middle East.Slide 21
The Second Big Change in the 1300s The Hundred Years War. To what extent did the Hundred Years War last??? 117 years! 1336 – 1453 (now and again) 81 years of genuine battlingSlide 22
BRIEFLY: What was this war about? Who ought to be the ruler of France? The Kings of England thought they ought to. The French didn\'t care for the possibility of English rulers over them.Slide 23
For MOST of those years, England kicked French butt!Slide 24
The English LongbowSlide 25
With a War going ahead: There was a lot of travel occurrence crosswise over Northern Europe. War has a propensity for decimating the nourishment supplies for the poor – debilitating them.Slide 26
There MIGHT have been another issue occurring too… A small ice age? Worldwide Cooling?Slide 27
Famine 1319Slide 28
Was this strange climate in 1319 brought on by an absence of sunspots?Slide 29
1346 What conditions made the populace "ready" for a plaque to hit?Slide 30
1347 – The Arrival of the Black Death Remember the way of the Silk Road?Slide 31
The Path of the PlagueSlide 32
1347 The Arrival in Europe Reports of Plague in Asia. Slighted – that was as remote as Mars is to us. That is, until the principal dispatch touched base in Italy with the Black Death …Slide 33
The Plague lands in Europe October 1347, an armada of Genoese exchanging ships escaping Caffa achieved the port of Messina in Sicily . When the armada achieved Messina, all the team individuals were either contaminated or dead. A few boats were discovered grounded on shorelines, with nobody on board staying alive.Slide 34
The Plague Spreads The men who boarded the boats and took the stock off, conveyed the torment back to Europe.Slide 35
Description of the Black Death "They passed on by the hundreds, both day and night, and all were tossed in … dump and secured with earth. Furthermore, when those trench were filled, more were burrowed. Furthermore, I, Agnolo di Tura … covered my five youngsters with my own hands … And such a large number of passed on that all trusted it was the finish of the world." Slide 36
What was the Black Death? Bubonic Plague: 1347 – 1352 – executed 25 million individuals in Europe. 200 million executed universally. 40% of the populace. Just the American Continent seems to have been unaffected.Slide 37
Symptoms: "He ate with us at twelve and ate with his predecessors by night."Slide 38
Symptoms "It began with a cerebral pain. At that point chills and fever, which left him depleted and prostrate. Possibly he encountered queasiness, retching, back torment, soreness in his arms and legs. Maybe splendid light was too brilliant to stand."Slide 39
Symptoms Within a day or two, the swellings showed up. They were hard, agonizing, smoldering irregularities on his neck, under his arms, on his internal thighs. Before long they turned dark, split open, and started to overflow discharge and blood. They may have developed to the measure of an orange.Slide 40
Symptoms Maybe he recuperated. It was conceivable to recoup. In any case, more than likely, demise would come rapidly. However... maybe not rapidly enough. Since after the bumps showed up he would begin to drain inside. There would be blood in his pee, blood in his stool, and blood puddling under his skin, bringing about dark bubbles and spots everywhere on his body.Slide 41
Symptoms Everything that left his body noticed totally disgusting. He would endure incredible agony before he inhaled his last. What\'s more, he would bite the dust scarcely seven days after he initially gotten the ailment.Slide 42
How did the Black Death spread? Way #1: Bites from contaminated rat bugsSlide 43
The First Type of Bubonic Plague How did the way individuals lived permit this sort of torment to spread? In the event that somebody was solid, it would take seven days to bite the dust.Slide 44
The Grim Reaper The Plague was did not separate in murdering. Youthful Old Healthy Rich PoorSlide 45
The Plague took another turn The second approach to get tainted: Pneumonic Plague spread from individual to individual through breathing a similar air and breathing in airborne beads from the contaminated.Slide 46
This Plague was especially savage The tainted regularly were dead inside 24 – 48 hours of the onset of manifestations.Slide 47
The Third Way the Plague Spread Attacking the circulatory system in casualties. Additionally, fatal.Slide 48
Images of the Black Death Some individuals took to wearing these veils to attempt to ensure themselves. Nose loaded down with blazed sage to channel the air. Confront cover and goggles to keep from presenting your face to the dark demise.Slide 49
Images of the Black Death Many thought it was the apocalypse.Slide 50
What might you do? In the event that you were encompassed by so much demise and couldn\'t clarify why it was going on, what might you do? Keep in mind what the general population around then thought about ailment!Slide 51
How People Reacted Turned to the Church for assurance. Thought in the event that they lived all the more blessed lives made journeys to demonstrate their confidence touched and kept sacred relics – they\'d be protected from the Black Death.Slide 52
How People Reacted "Eat, drink, and be joyful – for tomorrow we will bite the dust." Live for the occasion. Did some barbarous things since they didn\'t think there was any more regrettable discipline that could transpire.Slide 53
How People Reacted Tried to discover "causes" for the Plague. Faulted things that were distinctive and attempted to wreck them, feeling that would make God pardon them or dispose of the Black Death.Slide 54
How People Reacted Massacres Jews Lepers Many burnings of witches Sought out any HERESY in conviction.Slide 55
How People Reacted The general population of Paris, France thought the torment was created by felines. The Great Cat Massacre. The Plague was more regrettable in France!Slide 56
The Breakdown of Social Order One resident kept away from another, barely any neighbor agitated about others, relatives never or scarcely ever gone by each other. In addition, such fear was struck into the hearts of men and ladies by this cataclysm, that sibling surrendered sibling, and the uncle his nephew, and the sister her sibling, and regularly the spouse her better half.Slide 57
The Breakdown of Social Order What is surprisingly more dreadful and about unfathomable is that fathers and moms declined to see and tend their youngsters, as though they had not been theirs.Slide 58
The Breakdown of Social Order "The predicament of the lower and the greater part of the white collar classes was significantly more sad to see. The majority of them stayed in their homes, either through neediness or with expectations of wellbeing, and fell wiped out by thousands. Since they got no care and consideration, every one of them
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