The Cold War .


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The Cold War. Origins of the Cold War. The cold war began with mistrust between the Soviet Union (red) and the western democracies (blue). . Soviet Distrust of the West. The Soviet Union felt it had good cause to distrust the west. 1. Western Opposition to Bolsheviks.
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The Cold War

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Origins of the Cold War The chilly war started with doubt between the Soviet Union (red) and the western majority rule governments (blue).

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Soviet Distrust of the West The Soviet Union felt it had great motivation to doubt the west.

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1. Western Opposition to Bolsheviks In 1919, Russia\'s previous World War I partners (Britain, France and the United States) joined the "White Russians" to battle off the Bolsheviks taking after the revolution. 

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2. The Result: USSR Suspicious of West This mediation fizzled and the Red Army of the Bolsheviks secured the force of the new Soviet state. The youthful USSR government never fully believed the western majority rule governments after that.

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3. Neglect for Soviet Diplomatic Goals The western majority rules systems did not welcome the Soviet Union to partake in the World War I peace talks or the League of Nations.

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4. West Did Not Aid in Spanish Civil War The west did not help the Republicans battling the fascists in the Spanish Civil War.

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5. USSR Not Invited to Munich Conference The west did not welcome the Soviets to the Munich Conference which chose the destiny of Czechoslovakia in the years paving the way to World War II, despite the fact that the Soviet Union had a security settlement with Czechoslovakia.

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Western Distrust of the Soviets The west, as far as concerns its, never believed the Soviet Union.

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1. Apprehension of Socialism The declared reason for the International Communist Party was to secure overall comrade revolution. There was an incredible trepidation of communism in Europe and America.

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2. Soviet Annexation of Eastern Poland The Soviets arranged a concurrence with Hitler and added eastern Poland.

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3. Soviet Designs on Eastern Europe By the end of the war Britain and the United States doubted the Soviet thought processes in eastern Europe.

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Uneasy Alliance During World War II This shared doubt was smothered amid World War II when for down to earth reasons (the regular adversary of Hitler\'s Germany) the western partners and the Soviet Union got to be uneasy allies. 

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Western Delay in Opening 2 nd Front Stalin trusted that the western partners were stalling in opening up the "second front" in Europe, so important to take the weight off the battling Soviet strengths in the east.

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Soviet Desire for Friendly Gov\'ts Stalin was open about needing "friendly governments" in Eastern Europe to shield his nation\'s western wilderness from another intrusion like the attack so as of late experienced by Germany. Every one of this was noticeable all around when Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt met toward the end of World War II.

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Decisions at Yalta The physical structure of the cool war was instituted toward the end of World War II. Winston Churchill, Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin concurred in February of 1945 at Yalta to partition Germany into four occupation zones.

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Soviet Influence in Eastern Europe It was concurred that the Soviet Union would have the best impact in eastern Europe, where Soviet troops were concentrated. They officially possessed Poland, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary and parts of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, and it would have been hard to go to an assention which included evacuating these troops. Roosevelt concurred in light of the fact that he had minimal decision.

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Governments Friendly to Soviets Finally, it was concurred that autonomous governments would be built up in these grounds, and that decisions would be free, yet the legislatures would be "friendly to the Soviet Union." This is the start of what Winston Churchill would later call the "Iron Curtain" which separated Europe for a long time .

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Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin at Yalta

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Strained Relations at Potsdam When the partners met again at Potsdam in July of 1945, relations were more strained. Roosevelt had been supplanted by Truman, who was not slanted to amusingness Stalin once he discovered that there had been a fruitful trial of the nuclear bomb. America no more urgently required Soviet help in the war against Japan. America had ended guide to the Soviet Union due to worries over Russian conduct in the East.

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Truman and Stalin at Potsdam

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Soviet Consolidation of Power Between 1945-1948 the Soviets under Stalin combined their energy in Eastern Europe. Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary turned out to be a piece of the "Soviet Bloc" – or "satellite system." Within the comrade gatherings of these nations there were cleanses to expel national communists - one in four were evacuated.

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Yugoslavia Remained Independent Yugoslavia under Tito was an exemption to Soviet control. It honed "national communism" and could stay autonomous to a great extent because of western financial guide.

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The Iron Curtain As right on time as 1946, Winston Churchill saw what was occurring. "An Iron Curtain has plummeted upon Europe"

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Origins of the Truman Doctrine In 1947 The United States reacted to what had all the earmarks of being a reasonable Soviet endeavor to spread socialism into Eastern Europe. It proclaimed the Truman Doctrine went for ceasing the further spread of socialism.

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Provisions of the Truman Doctrine "I trust that it must be the approach of the United States to bolster free people groups who are opposing endeavored enslavement by outfitted minorities or by outside weights. I trust that we should help free people groups to work out their own particular predeterminations in their own particular manner. I trust that our assistance ought to be fundamentally through monetary and money related guide which is vital to financial strength and precise political processes."

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The Marshall Plan The declaration of The Truman Doctrine and The Marshall Plan (giving monetary guide to European nations, both east and west) by the United States in 1947 created Stalin further uncertainty about the Western Allies\' expectations. It was in this air the Berlin emergency emerged.

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Berlin was found totally inside the eastern side of Germany which was involved by the Russians. Berlin Germany

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Unification of Western Zones Britain and the United States brought together the western zones of Berlin in 1948, and reported another coin there.

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Berlin Blockade Stalin reacted on June 24 by endeavoring to compel the western partners out of Berlin out and out. He cut off rail and street access toward the western side of the city.

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Berlin Airlift Between June 1948 and May 1949, the Western Allies mounted an enormous airdrop to keep the western parts supplied. This broke the bar. On may 12, 1949 Stalin lifted the bar and the Cold War was in progress.

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Two Armed Camps In May 1949 the Federal Republic of Germany was made. In September the Soviet-upheld Republic of Germany was built up in the East. The foundation of NATO and The Warsaw Pact (military association) around the same time offered teeth to this formal division. Europe was presently two outfitted camps.

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Soviet Development of Atomic Bomb The Soviets were not a long ways behind the US in building up the nuclear bomb and finished it in 1949

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The Arms Race Once the Soviet Union effectively tried the nuclear bomb, the weapons contest was on. Frantic (commonly guaranteed demolition) was intended to keep both sides from "pushing the button," by giving both sides uniformity in "kill power."

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American terrace aftermath cover 1960

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The Cuban Missile Crisis In 1962, Fidel Castro of Cuba offered authorization to the Soviet Union to assemble rocket bases in Cuba. Fidel Castro and Nikita Khruschev

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U-2 Reconnaissance Flights The United States U-2 reconaissance flights shot the locales under development.

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Soviet tanks in Havana implied a Communist nearness in the western side of the equator

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The Response: A Blockade of Cuba President Kennedy\'s guides were separated on the best strategy. Numerous needed an air strike to take out the rockets; others needed a barricade. Kennedy chose the barricade and US ships encompassed the island, declining to permit Soviet boats bringing supplies to traverse.

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Brinkmanship: The World on the Brink of War The world held its breath as the Soviet boats drew closer the barricade. Numerous expected this was "it," the hotly anticipated and abundantly dreaded atomic war.

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Missiles Were Removed from Cuba After a progression of wires amongst Khruschev and Kennedy and a mystery guarantee to evacuate American rockets in Turkey offered by Robert Kennedy, war was maintained a strategic distance from, and the rockets were expelled from Cuba.

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The Berlin Wall In 1961 East Germany constructed a divider to separate East Berlin from West Berlin, disconnecting West Berlin inside East Germany. This divider which partitioned east and west turned into the image of the pressures isolating the world amid the icy war.

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" Ich receptacle ein Berliner " John F. Kennedy went to Berlin on June 26, 1963, to show support for the West Berliners. He let them know: "Every free me, wherever they may live, are nationals of Berlin and, in this manner, as a liberated individual, I take pride in the words \'Ich receptacle ein Berliner.\'"

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Kennedy\'s notes from the discourse (Kennedy Library)

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Race to the Moon The fruitful dispatch of Sputnik in 1957 by the Soviet Union started a full scale race to get to into space.

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The First Man in Space The Soviets succeeded in getting the main man into space, Yuri Gregarin.

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The First Moon Landing Eventually the United States accomplished the main moon arriving in 1969. 

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The Internet One of the shocking aftereffects of the American frenzy over falling behind tech

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