The Cuban Missile Crisis .

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The Cuban Missile Crisis. The United States and Latin America. 1823 Monroe Doctrine Monroe Doctrine – The US wishing to prevent any foreign power becoming involved in Latin America – after the collapse of the Spanish Empire. Soviet Global Policy.
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The Cuban Missile Crisis

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The United States and Latin America 1823 Monroe Doctrine Monroe Doctrine – The US wishing to keep any remote power getting to be included in Latin America – after the crumple of the Spanish Empire

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Soviet Global Policy Soviet outside arrangement changes with the demise of Stalin & the Soviet Union gets to be occupied with the Third World – backing national freedom developments Cuba culminate illustration - "We didn\'t realize what kind of upheaval had occurred"

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Cuban Missile Crisis January 1959 triumph of the Cuba Revolution As Cuban-US relations weaken Havana\'s association with Moscow enhances Cuba consummate case of what Moscow would have liked to accomplish in the Third World

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Cuban Missile Crisis Propaganda gold tidy – Cold War at its stature & because of shared history/topography with US

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Cuban Missile Crisis April 1961 - Bay of Pigs Dec 1961 – Castro broadcasts himself Marxist-Leninist

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Deployment Summer 1962 rockets start to be sent to Cuba Politburo partitioned Wanted to report to world as fait accompli when at UN

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13 Days in October 14 th – photos of rockets on Cuba 22 nd – Kennedy chooses to bar Cuba 24 th – Soviet boats turn back 24 th – message from Khrushchev saying must discover tranquil arrangement 25 th – U2 spy plane shot down 26 th – 2 nd message from Khrushchev 28 th – assention came to

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ExComm Reasons Bargaining chip for Jupiters in Turkey Diverting trap – genuine objective was Berlin Rebalance Cold War Close Nuclear unevenness – cost Cuban guard

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Excomm Options 3 conceivable choices: Attack Cuba Trade rockets for those in Turkey Quarantine Much weight on JFK from birds of prey after Bay of Pigs 11 voted in favor of isolate/6 for intrusion

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Soviet Aims Idea came to Khrushchev while going for a stroll in Bulgaria! Atomic equality – been demonstrated by 1961 Weapons in Turkey – 10 mins to hit Soviet Union however 20 mins to hit US Virgin Land crusade – poor results

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Soviet Aims (4) Reduce military spending – all the more "value for your money" on "thunder for your rouble" (5) Tension with China (6) Problems with the West – U2 & Vienna/Berlin

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Soviet Aims (7) Believe JFK powerless (8) Khrushchev\'s character (9) Cuban guard - another Bay of Pigs yet 40,000 Soviet troops as of now on Cuba

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Solutions What different alternatives open to JFK & Khrushchev? – weights from inside possess governments Both battled in World War 2

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Analysis Nye – 3 thoughts Domestic level International level – appropriation of force Military innovation – relative remaining in universal framework

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Analysis Graham Allison – Essence of Decision. Clarifying the Cuban Missile Crisis Model I – security and solidness Model II – Organizations inside governments have possess reasons Model III – Individuals with claim reasons however cautious thought of political circumstance in claim nation

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Outcomes Perceived as incredible mortification for Soviet Union

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Outcomes "Eyeball to eyeball, they squinted first" – Dean Rusk, US Secretary of State Hotline amongst Washington and Moscow made 1963 - Limited test Ban Treaty 1968 – Non Proliferation Treaty

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Outcomes US guarantee not to attack Cuba – Monroe Doctrine dead 1963 Jupiter rockets in Turkey 1964 cost Khrushchev his occupation – abroad experiences

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Conclusions Moscow takes choice to station atomic weapons for an assortment of various inner and outside arrangement reasons – not simply Cuban barrier "uncommon" relationship between Washington & Havana builds strain Nye - examination Allison – Essence of Decision

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Conclusions Perceived as embarrassment for Moscow – cost Khrushchev his employment Legacy for rest of Cold War "Eyeball to eyeball, they flickered first."

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