The construction of global tourism spaces
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The construction of global tourism spaces.


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The construction of global tourism spaces. The spaces of flows . Global travel spaces: Airports Airline cabins Transit lounges Hotels. Non-places?. Daniel Boorstin: The lost art of travel “nothing to see but the weather...” “I had flown not through space but time” .
Transcripts
Slide 1

The development of worldwide tourism spaces

Slide 2

The spaces of streams Global travel spaces: Airports Airline lodges Transit lounges Hotels Non-puts?

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Daniel Boorstin: The lost craft of travel “nothing to see yet the weather...” “I had flown not through space but rather time” . “Passage through space unnoticeable...robbed of landscape” “Each Hilton inn is indistinguishable...‘ a little America’ ...you have the ameliorating sentiment not being there” “don’t know where you are unless you watch out window Placeless portability

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American tourism wilderness innovation Modernization hypothesis Spatialization of advancement Mobility = operators of innovation American tourist=> modernization Travel spaces interfacing “places”

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globalizing innovation neighborhood convention

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US: Building the after war worldwide tourism economy Eliminating limits The Marshall Plan and tourism to Europe International aircrafts and vacationer tolls The plane upset

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Time-space pressure “crossing worldwide separations and joining places”

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worldwide travel spaces: the exhibition of versatility

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Eero Saarinen’s TWA terminal at JFK air terminal, New York (1961)

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“a spot of development and transition”

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“as if inside a flying machine”

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Dulles Airport, Washington DC

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portable parlors - The air terminal as a machine of development - Designed to effectively move voyagers from access to planes

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LAX “Themed Building”

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Making (American) tourism worldwide Cold War: modernization endeavors in the ‘Third World’ Tourism: specialists of econ. advancement US inn and aircraft organizations extend universally

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At the “frontier of modernity” Modern global lodging in Istanbul: “a little American” A Cold's result War (1955)

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Modernist engineering configuration: Aesthetized mechanical productivity Stands out from scene at the regional wilderness of innovation, yet A dematerialized (not an enclave) reinforced glass, straightforward structure... Open frame, no private spaces a “machine for viewing” at the wilderness of innovation a model of advancement, a future's guide Drawn from Annabel Jane Wharton’s Building the Cold war: Hilton International Hotels and Modern Architecture.

Slide 18

At the outskirts: American/worldwide innovation outlines the customary/nearby

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Global changes: 1960s-1970s Economic extension of Europe and Japan The end of the “dollar standard” Vietnam War/Third Worldism/1968 Failures of modernization hypothesis The emergency of Fordism/flex. push., oil stuns => conservation and the relative decrease of US dominion

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End of the worldwide tourism boondocks Most of the globe available to mass tourism 1968: US looks to farthest point travel abroad “The revolting American” Ecological/social effect of mass tourism End of tourism advancement as improvement Airline hijackings, Airline deregulation Intl. Tourism=> arranged, commoditified, enclave

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Globalization: 1980s-1990s another vehicle for extension of US force: neoliberalism, business sector change, privatization.. The chilly's end war Free markets, not modernization Developing world coordinated into worldwide markets Promoting the deterritorialization of private enterprise

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The change of tourism More reflexive voyagers New frontiers=> new market fragments: ecotourism, experience tourism,... “Places” as items: urban communities, amusement parks Tourism as consumerism Americanization no more = modernization and moving wilderness

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Collapsing worldwide travel spaces “the end of regional distance” No regional outskirts of tourism Places as items Consumerism instead of versatility characterizes tourism Ex. devouring “places”

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“Americanization” deterritorialized => ...while worldwide tourism turns into a topic for tourism in the US A McDonald’s in Saudi Arabia Paris Hotel, Las Vegas Luxor Hotel, Las Vegas

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Travel spaces get to be places Because of expanded versatility, the experience of voyaging is no more about intersection domain Global tourism spaces no more characterized by regional portability Travel “democratized” and routine => Hotels and air terminals redo themselves as destinations

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Hotels as destinations “post-modern” structural planning: The Bonaventure Hotel => New styles of extravagance inns

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Shopping at Schiphol air terminal, Amsterdam The new culture of air terminals “epicenters of post-nationalism” shopping centers with-planes Themed air terminals Airport urban communities Growth shafts Working at an air terminal caf㩠Denver Airport: a “locational” topic

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The experience lounge Retro-themeing LAX

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Post-9/11 travel spaces New American talk: Airplanes as weapons American sightseers as targets Foreign vacationers as terrorists 30% drop tourism=>US Global portability = danger Towards spaces of security

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American spaces abroad “ The new $83 million U. S. office outside Istanbul fulfills critical security concerns additionally appears a remote crusader castle.” - US report on Public Diplomacy “...looks like a greatest security prison” - Tom Friedman

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Possibilities for a cosmopolitan tourism? “the vague impacts of speed” - William E. Connolly Places matter, however not as measures of innovation, shut political personalities, or objects of utilization Pluralization inside of regions more discriminating than portability or confinement Global go as me