The Distinction it Makes.

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The Difference it Makes Phil Daro

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Catching Up Students with history of going slower are not going to make up for lost time without investing more energy and getting more consideration. Who instructs whom. Change the analogy: not a "crevice" but rather an information obligation and requirement for expertise. The learning and know-how required are concrete, the venturing stones to variable based math.

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Action What is your arrangement to change the way you contribute understudy and educator time? What extra assets would you say you are adding to the base (time)? How are you making the instructing of understudies who are behind the most energizing proficient work in your area?

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System or Sieve? An arrangement of mediations that catch understudies that need a little help and gives it Then gets those that need somewhat more and gives it Then the individuals who require much more and gives it By layering intercessions, minimize the number who fall through to most costly

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Dylan Wiliam on Instructional Assessment Long-cycle Span: crosswise over units, terms Length: four weeks to one year Medium-cycle Span: inside and between showing units Length: one to four weeks Short-cycle Span: inside and between lessons Length: step by step: 24 to 48 hours minute-by-moment: 5 seconds to 2 hours

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Strategies for expanding instructional evaluation (Wiliam)

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Why do understudies battle? Misinterpretations Bugs in procedural information Mathematics dialect learning Meta-subjective breaches Lack of learning (holes) Disposition, conviction, and inspiration (see AYD)

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Why do understudies need to do math. issues? to get answers since Homeland Security needs them, right now I needed to, is there any good reason why they shouldn\'t? so they will listen in class to learn arithmetic

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Why give understudies issues to understand? To learn arithmetic. Answers are a piece of the procedure, they are not the item. The item is the understudy\'s scientific information and skill. The "rightness" of answers is additionally part of the procedure. Yes, a critical part.

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Wrong Answers Are a piece of the procedure, as well What was the understudy considering? Is it true that it was a blunder of scramble or an unshakable misguided judgment?

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Three Responses to a Math Problem Answer getting Making feeling of the issue circumstance Making feeling of the science you can gain from dealing with the issue

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Answers are a dark gap: hard to get away from the draw Answer getting shortcircuits arithmetic, appearing well and good Very habituated in US instructors versus Japanese educators Devised strategies for backing off, putting off answer getting

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Answer getting versus learning arithmetic USA: How would I be able to instruct my children to get the response to this issue? Use arithmetic they definitely know. Simple, dependable, works with base half, useful for classroom administration. Japanese: How would I be able to utilize this issue to show science they don\'t definitely know?

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Teaching against the test 3 + 5 = [ ] 3 + [ ] = 8 [ ] + 5 = 8 - 3 = 5 8 - 5 = 3

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Anna purchased 3 sacks of red gumballs and 5 packs of white gumballs. Every sack of gumballs had 7 pieces in it. Which expression could Anna use to locate the aggregate number of gumballs she purchased? A (7 X 3) + 5 = B (7 X 5) + 3 = C 7 X (5 + 3) = D 7 + (5 X 3) =

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An info yield table is demonstrated as follows. Input (An) Output (B) 7 14 12 19 20 27 Which of the accompanying could be the principle for the info yield table? A. A × 2 = B. A + 7 = B C. A × 5 = B D. A + 8 = B SOURCE: Massachusetts Department of Education, Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System , Grade 4, 39, 2006.

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Butterfly technique

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Use butterflies on this TIMSS thing 1/2 + 1/3 +1/4 =

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FOIL Use the distributive property It works for trinomials and polynomials all in all What is a polynomial? Total of items = result of aggregates This IS the distributive property when "a" will be a total

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Answer Getting the answer somehow and afterward ceasing Learning a particular strategy for taking care of a particular sort of issue (100 sorts a year)

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Answer Getting Talk Wadja get? Howdja isn\'t that right? Do you recall how to do these? Here is a simple approach to recall how to do these Should you separate or duplicate? Gracious definitely, this is an extent issue. How about we set up an extent?

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Canceling x 5/x 2 = x•x• x•x•x/x•x x 5/x 5 = x•x• x•x•x/x•x• x•x•x

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Misconceptions: where they originate from and how to alter them

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Misconceptions about misinterpretations They weren\'t listening when they were told They have been getting these sorts of issues wrong from day 1 They overlooked The opposite side in the math wars did this to the understudies deliberately

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More misguided judgments about the reason for confusions In the days of yore, understudies didn\'t commit these errors They were shown strategies They were shown rich issues insufficient practice

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Maybe Teachers\' misguided judgments sustained to another era (where did the educators get the confusions? How far back does this go?) Mile wide crawl profound educational modules causes scurry and waste Some ideas are difficult to learn

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Whatever the Cause When understudies achieve your class they are not clear slates They are brimming with information Their insight will be defective and broken, crazy and juvenile; however to them it is learning This earlier information is a benefit and an impedance to new learning

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Second grade When you include or subtract, line the numbers up on the right, this way: 23 dislike this 23 +9

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Third Grade 3.24 + 2.1 = ? In the event that you "Line the numbers up on the privilege " like you spent all last year learning, you get this: 3.2 4 + 2.1 You misunderstand the answer doing what you realized a year ago. You don\'t know why. Instruct: line up decimal point. Keep creating place esteem ideas

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Fourth and Fifth Grade Time to comprehend the idea of spot worth as forces of 10. You are arranging the units puts, the 10s places, the 100s places, the tenths places, the hundredths spots

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Stubborn Misconceptions are frequently earlier information connected where it doesn\'t work To the understudy, it is not a misguided judgment, it is an idea they adapted effectively… They don\'t know why they are misunderstanding the answer

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Research on Retention of Learning: Shell Center: Swan et al

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An entire in the head

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An entire in the whose head? + = 4/7 3/4 + 1/3 = 4/7

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The Unit: one on the Number Line 0 1 2 3 4

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Between 0 and 1 0 1/4 3/4 1 2 3 4

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Adding on the ruler ^ 1/3 2/3 1 0 1/4 2/4 3/4 1 ^ 2 3 4

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Differentiating lesson by lesson The curve of the lesson

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The bend of the lesson Diagnostic: make contrasts obvious; what are the distinctions in arithmetic that diverse understudies convey to the issue All comprehend the reasoning of each: from minimum to most scientifically develop Converge on evaluation - level science: pull understudies together through the distinctions in their reasoning

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Next lesson Start once more Each day brings its disparities, they never leave

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Lesson Structure Pose problem whole class (3-5 min) Start work solo (1 min) Solve problem pair (10 min) Prepare to present pair (5 min) Selected presents whole cls (15 min) Close whole cls (5 min)

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Posing the issue Whole class: posture issue, ensure understudies comprehend the dialect, no insights at arrangement Focus understudies on the issue circumstance, not the inquiry/answer amusement. Conceal address and put forth to figure inquiries that make circumstance into a word issue Ask 3-6 questions about the same issue circumstance; incline questions up toward key science that exchanges to different issues

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What issue to utilize? Issues that draw thinking toward the arithmetic you need to instruct. Not very standard, directly in the wake of figuring out how to fathom Ask around a section: what is the most imperative science understudies ought to bring with them? Discover an issue that attracts consideration regarding this science Begin section with this issue (from lesson 5 through 10, or part test). This has symptomatic force. Additionally demonstrates to you where time needs to go. Close end of part, outer issues required, e.g. Shell Center

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Solo-match work Solo respects "considering" which is solo 1 moment is sensible for every one of the, 2 minutes makes classroom administration issues that aren\'t justified, despite any potential benefits. An unfinished issue has more personality on it than a tackled issue Pairs boost responsibility: no spot to shroud Pairs improve eartime: everybody is listened to You need divergance; symptomatic; make contrasts obvious

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Presentations All sets get ready presentation Select 3-5 that demonstrate the spread, the distinctions in methodologies from minimum to most develop Interact with moderators, connect with entire class in inquiries Object and center is for all to comprehend thinking about each, including approaches that didn\'t work; moderate moderators down to make thinking express Go from slightest to most develop, draw with marker correspondences crosswise over methodologies Converge on scientific focus of lesson

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Close Use understudy work crosswise over presentations to state and clarify the key numerical thoughts of lesson Applaud the versatile critical thinking strategies that surface, the dispositional practices you esteem, the achievement in seeing every others considering (name the idea)

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The ar

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