The Fate of NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY Activity.


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Nanotechnology infers: - novel marvels, properties and capacities ... that have arranged and add to the National Nanotechnology Initiative ...
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The Future of NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY INITIATIVE F. Frankel - copyright Dr. M.C. Roco Chair, Subcommittee on Nanoscience, Engineering and Technology (NSET), National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), http://nano.gov Senior Advisor for Nanotechnology, National Science Foundation November 18, 2002

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Nanotechnology Working at the nuclear, atomic and supramolecular levels, in the length size of around 1 – 100 nm range, in request to make materials, gadget sand frameworks with fundamentally new properties and capacities as a result of their little structure (see site http://nano.gov) NNI definition energizes new commitments that were impractical before . Nanotechnology suggests: - novel wonders, properties and capacities at nanoscale, which are nonscalable outside of the nm area - the capacity to control matter at the nanoscale all together to change those properties and capacities - combination along length scales M.C. Roco, NSF, 10/18/02

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Why moving into nanoworld ? A. Scholarly drive: Miniaturization is of interest - Less space, quicker, less material, less vitality More critical : Novel properties/wonders/forms - New structures and capacities; Engineering past nature Unity and sweeping statement - At the building pieces of all common/manufactured things; Systems! Most productive length scale for assembling - Less vitality than for subatomic or plainly visible Transcendent impacts: at the intersection of steams - S&T; Living/non-living ; Interdisciplinarity; Relevance zones It requires a fabulous coalition, helpful national system M.C. Roco, NSF, 10/18/02

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B. Guarantee of nanotechnology (case of societal ramifications) Knowledge base : better perception of nature, life another universe of items : ~ $1 trillion/year in 2010-2015 - Materials past science: $340B/y in 10 years for materials and preparing - Electronics in 10-15 years : $300B/y for semiconductor industry, > coordinated circuits - Pharmaceuticals in 10-15 years : about portion of creation will rely on upon nanotechnology, influencing about $180 B/y - Chemical plants in 10-15 years : nanostructured impetuses in petroleum and substance processing, about $100B/y - Aerospace (about $70B/y in 10 years) - Tools (estimation, reenactments) ~ $22 B/y in 10y Would require overall ~ 2 million nanotech laborers Improved medicinal services : broaden life-traverse, its quality, human physical abilities (~ $31B in apparatuses for social insurance in 10 years) Sustainability : farming, nourishment, water, vitality ( ~$45B/y in 10 years), materials, environment; ex: lighting vitality lessening ~ 10% or $100B/y M.C. Roco, NSF, 10/18/02

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Timeline for start of mechanical prototyping and commercialization Accidental nanotechnology : since 1000s yr (carbon dark) Isolated applications (impetuses, composites, others) since 1990 First Generation: latent nanostructures in coatings, nanoparticles, mass materials (nanostructured metals, polymers, earthenware production): ~ 2001 – Second Generation: dynamic nanostructures, for example, transistors, intensifiers, actuators, versatile structures: ~ 2005 – Third Generation: 3D nanosystems with heterogeneous nanocomponents and different amassing systems ~ 2010 – Fourth Generation: atomic nanosystems with heterogeneous particles, in view of biomimetics and new outline ~ 2020 (?) - M.C. Roco, NSF, 10/18/02

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Organizations that have arranged and add to the National Nanotechnology Initiative White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) IWGN (October 1998-August 2000) NSET (August 2000 - proceeding with) Departments DOC/NIST, DOD, DOE, DOJ, DOS, DOT, DOTreas, USDA Independent Agencies EPA, FDA, NASA, NIH, NRC, NSF, USG Estimation: Federal Government R&D financing NNI ($604M in 02) Industry (private sectors) ~ NNI subsidizing State and neighborhood (colleges, establishments) ~ 1/2 NNI financing M.C. Roco, NSF, 10/18/02

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Elements of NNI Initiative FY 2001-2003 (see nano.gov) Fundamental Research - Provides maintained backing to individual specialists and little gatherings doing key, inventive examination Grand Challenges for exploration on major, long haul targets Centers and Networks of Excellence for interdisciplinary examination, organizing, industry organizations Research Infrastructure metrology, instrumentation, demonstrating/recreation, client offices Societal Implications and Workforce Education and Training for another era of talented laborers; the effect of nanotechnology on society (legitimate, moral, social, financial) M.C. Roco, NSF, 10/18/02

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NNI: Key Investment Strategies Focus on central exploration (\'horizontal\') + move to mechanical advancement ("vertical\') Policy of incorporation and organizations Long-term vision Prepare the nanotechnology workforce Address wide humankind objectives Transforming methodology; bio-propelled approach ~ 0.6% NNI as a major aspect of U.S. Government R&D U.S. as a major aspect of world nanotech speculation ~ 30% M.C. Roco, NSF, 10/18/02 M.C. Roco, NSF, 3/19/02

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Interdisciplinary, multidomain "even" learning creation versus "vertical" move from essential ideas to Grand Challenges Revolutionary Technologies and Products C B R E S E C U R I T Y M A N U F A C T U R I N G E N V I R O N M E N T I N S T R U M E N T S E L E C T R O N I C S M I C R O C R A F T H E A L T H C A R E N E R G Y Grand Challenges M A T E R I A L S Fundamental exploration at the nanoscale Knowledge creation: same standards, wonders, devices Basic revelations and new regions of importance M.C. Roco, NSF, 10/18/02

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Nanotechnology R&D Funding by Agency Fiscal year 2000 2001 2002 2003 (all in million $) Appropr/eff./Appropr. Demand _______________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ National Science Foundation 97 150/150/199 221 Department of Defense 70 110/125/180 201 Department of Energy 58 93/88/ 91.1 139.3 National Institutes of Health 32 39/39.6/ 40.8 43.2 NASA 5 20/22/ 46 51 NIST 8 10/33.4/ 37.6 43.8 Environmental Protection Agency -/5.8/ 5 5 Depart. of Transportation/FAA - 2 2 Department of Agriculture - /1.5/ 1.5 2.5 Department of Justice -/1.4/1.4 TOTAL 270.0 422.0/464.7/604.4 ~ 710.2 Other NNI members are: DOC, DOS, DOTreas, NOAA, NRC, USG M.C. Roco, NSF, 10/18/02

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Fundamental nanoscale science and building Principal Areas of Investigation (Fiscal year 2002) Biosystems at the Nanoscale ~ 14% biostructures, mimicry, bio-chips Nanostructure \'by Design\', Novel Phenomena 45% physical, organic, electronic, optical, attractive Device and System Architecture 20% interconnect, framework reconciliation, pathways Environmental Processes 6 % separating, ingestion, low vitality, low waste Multiscale and Multiphenomena Modeling 9 % Manufacturing at the nanoscale 6% Education and Social Implications (circulated) M.C. Roco, NSF, 10/18/02

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Grand Challenges (NNI, FY 2002) Nanostructured materials "by design" ~ 22% Nanoelectronics, optoelectronics and magnetics 39% Advanced medicinal services, therapeutics, diagnostics 8% Environmental improvement 4% Efficient vitality transformation and storage 5% Microcraft space investigation and industrialization 3% CBRE Protection and Detection (reconsidered in 2002) 7% Instrumentation and metrology 6% Manufacturing processes 5% (points of interest in the NNI Implementation Plan, http://nano.gov) M.C. Roco, NSF, 10/18/02

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Nanotechnology on the planet Comparison for industrialized nations 1997-2002 Estimated government supported R&D in $ millions/year 2002 2001 2000 Fiscal Year 1997 W. Europe 126 ~ 225/270/* ~ 400 200 ~ 465 ~ 650 120 245 Japan 422/465/* 604 USA 116 270 ~ 380 ~ 520 70 110 Others Total 2,174 503% 825 190% 432 100% 1,492 350% Others: Australia, Canada, China, E. Europe, FSU, Israel, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan (*) Actual spending plan Senate Briefing, May 24, 2001 (M.C. Roco), overhauled on April 30, 2002

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Context – Nanotechnology in the World Government ventures 1977-2002 Note : U.S. starts FY in October, six month before EU & Japan in March/April U.S. does not have an ordering lead as it was for other S&T megatrends, (for example, BIO, IT, space investigation, atomic) Senate Briefing, May 24, 2001 (M.C. Roco), overhauled on April 30, 2002

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Defining the vision National Nanotechnology Initiative Reports 6/02 "Audit of NNI" by NRC for WH/OSTP 6/02 FY 2003 NNI and Its Implementation Plan, NSTC/NSET 7/02 Converging Technologies (NBIC) for Improving Huma

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