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The Development of Youth Sports in America.


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The Development of Youth Sports in America KPE 260 – Winter, 2001 Dr. D. Frankl Time Frame (1890- 1950) The rise of adult run youth sports programs:
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The Development of Youth Sports in America KPE 260 – Winter, 2001 Dr. D. Frankl

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Time Frame (1890-1950) The ascent of grown-up run youth games programs: Children have occupied with casual play following the beginning of mankind's history. It wasn't until the 1890s, on the other hand, that grown-ups collaborated to direct sorted out game projects for young men in America.

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Youth Sports The change of "sand lot" dispositions to semi proficient states of mind in youth sports by the grown-ups driving these exercises brought on numerous instructors, who at first grasped these exercises, to revoke their backing.

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Organized Youth Sports Companies that backing the National Alliance for Youth Sport Allstate Insurance BSE Design & Communic. Crown Trophy Gatorade iSignUpNOW.com Kwik Goal Merrill Lynch NFL OddzOn Riddell Sadler Insurance Since the 1960s, sorted out youth games have worked under the support of enormous business, sports establishments and generous associations, Olympic boards of trustees, universities and different neighborhood government and group composed gatherings (Wiggins, 1987).

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Institutional Contributions Several foundations are noted for their commitment to the sorted out games for youth development: the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA), imported to the U.S.A by English protestants, the Boys Clubs and Boy Scouts. By the 1940s, sorted out youth games turned exceptionally aggressive and extraordinary.

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A Brief History of the YMCA The YMCA was established in London in 1844 by Sir George Williams By 1851 Great Britain had 2700 individuals in 24 affiliations The first YMCA in the United States was established in Boston, Massachusetts 1851. By 1854, 26 affiliations had been framed in the United States and Canada. Sir George Williams

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History of the YMCA From 1878 to 1916 the degree and mixed bag of YMCA work expanded relentlessly. Structures with libraries, recreation centers, swimming pools, assembly rooms, and lodging sort rooms were set up by numerous affiliations. The YMCA opened summer camps and presented the thought of overnight outdoors, set up universities, and was instrumental in the advancement of night schools. Affiliations ran activity classes, created lifting weights strategies, sorted out undergrads for social activity, and served the unique needs of railroad specialists and military work force.

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History of the YMCA The YMCA's revived enthusiasm for sorted out youth games occurred predominantly because of the endeavors of one man- - Luther Haseley Gulick. Gulick was an in number backer of the principle held by the Muscular Christianity development and the YMCA. Taking after the Greek perfect young fellows were urged to add to a sound personality in a sound body. Boston YMCA 1950s

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Luther Haseley Gulick was in charge of the advancement of a far reaching graduate project in physical instruction that included such points as, history and theory, physiological brain research, anthropometry, and writing of physical training (Wiggins, 1987). YMCA Training School Springfield, Mass.

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A CHRONOLOGY OF LITTLE LEAGUE AND THE ORGANIZED COMPETITIVE SPORTS FOR YOUTH IN AMERICA 1 Ë 1924 - foundation of the Cincinnati Junior Baseball Tournament for young men age 13 or more youthful Ë 1927 - Tackle Football was started in Denver for young men under 12. Ë 1928 - Junior Pentathlon sorted out by the Los Angeles Times Adapted from Wiggins, D. K. (1987). A background marked by composed play and exceedingly focused game for American kids. In D. Gould, M. R. Weiss (Eds.). Propels in pediatric game sciences. Volume two: Behavioral issues (pp. 1-24). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

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A CHRONOLOGY OF LITTLE LEAGUE AND THE ORGANIZED COMPETITIVE SPORTS FOR YOUTH IN AMERICA Ë 1930 - foundation of a lesser tennis system by the Catholic Youth Organization under the support of the Southern California Tennis Association Ë 1930 - Pop Warner football was begun in Philadelphia

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A CHRONOLOGY OF LITTLE LEAGUE AND THE ORGANIZED COMPETITIVE SPORTS FOR YOUTH IN AMERICA Ë 1932 - Critique of aggressive games for youth voiced by Elmer D. Mitchell from the University of Michigan. Mitchell contended that profoundly aggressive games for kids were perpetrating unduly enthusiastic and physical strain on youths. Moreover, youngsters were compelled to rashly practice inside of the game and use destructive and forceful practices keeping in mind the end goal to be fruitful in their game.

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A CHRONOLOGY OF LITTLE LEAGUE AND THE ORGANIZED COMPETITIVE SPORTS FOR YOUTH IN AMERICA 1 Ë 1936 "Stars of Yesterday" baseball program for young men under 15 was started by Milwaukee Recreation Department. Ë 1939 Carl Stotz established Little class Baseball in Williamsport, Pennsylvania.

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A CHRONOLOGY OF LITTLE LEAGUE AND THE ORGANIZED COMPETITIVE SPORTS FOR YOUTH IN AMERICA 1 Ë 1947 The American Association for wellbeing, Physical Education, and Recreation (AAHPER Atlanta Convention) passed a determination reprimanding exceedingly aggressive games at the grade school level. Moreover, AAHPER passed a second determination contradicting any interscholastic rivalry for ninth graders or more youthful youngsters.

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A CHRONOLOGY OF LITTLE LEAGUE AND THE ORGANIZED COMPETITIVE SPORTS FOR YOUTH IN AMERICA 1 1949 - The Joint Committee on Athletic Competition for Children of Elementary and Junior High School Age prescribed that profoundly focused games programs for kids be annulled.

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A CHRONOLOGY OF LITTLE LEAGUE AND THE ORGANIZED COMPETITIVE SPORTS FOR YOUTH IN AMERICA Ë 1952 - AAHPER, the National Conference of Program Planning in Games and Sport for Boys of School Age, the National Conference on Physical Education for Children of Elementary School Age, and the National Recreation Congress issued explanations against aggressive game projects for kids.

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A CHRONOLOGY OF LITTLE LEAGUE AND THE ORGANIZED COMPETITIVE SPORTS FOR YOUTH IN AMERICA Ë 1969 establishment of the National Youth Sports Program (NYSP) for impeded youngsters ages 10-16. Ë 1970 Special Olympics associations in operation in every one of the 50 expresses, the District of Columbia, and Canada.

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A CHRONOLOGY OF LITTLE LEAGUE AND THE ORGANIZED COMPETITIVE SPORTS FOR YOUTH IN AMERICA Ë 1973 Jenny Fuller difficulties the national Little Leagues' boycott against young ladies' support Ë 1974 The condition of New Jersey's Superior Court ruled on March 29, that a neighborhood group contracted by Little League, Inc., was a "place of open accommodation" and along these lines not absolved from Federal Legislation against segregation (Wiggins, 1987, p. 12)

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A CHRONOLOGY OF LITTLE LEAGUE AND THE ORGANIZED COMPETITIVE SPORTS FOR YOUTH IN AMERICA Ë 1976 AAHPERD built up the National Association for Sport and Physical Education Youth Sports Task Force to look at the present status of kids' game and to offer recommendations concerning youth game projects (Wiggins, 1987, p. 13)

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A CHRONOLOGY OF LITTLE LEAGUE AND THE ORGANIZED COMPETITIVE SPORTS FOR YOUTH IN AMERICA Ë 1980 - Rainer Martens set up the American Coaching Effectiveness Program Ë 1984 - Creation of the Amateur Athletic Foundation, Los Angeles (AAF) 1 Adapted from Wiggins, D. K. (1987). A past filled with composed play and very focused game for American kids. In D. Gould, M. R. Weiss (Eds.). Propels in pediatric game sciences. Volume two: Behavioral issues (pp. 1-24). Champaign, IL: Human