The Logical Technique.

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Paleohistory: The investigation of human action and the past through material remains ... From: Rubbish: The Archeology of Garbage, by William Rathje and Cullen Murphy. ...
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The Scientific Method An Introduction to the Inquiry Process By Keith Carlson Dept. of Anthropology University of Arizona

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Why does it downpour? Why is the sky blue? How did individuals live previously? How old is the Earth? How do researchers know what they know? Answer… .

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THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD!!! A regulated procedure researchers use to answer addresses and take care of issues. The means of the Scientific Method are:

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THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD 1) Research Question: The issue or issue you need to take in more about. 2) Hypothesis: Testable Prediction that takes after from your examination address that can be tried and assessed. 3) Methods: What will be your methodology for testing your theory? 4) Data Collection: Record perceptions with respect to information identified with the issue you are occupied with. 5) Inferences/Interpretation What would you be able to say in regards to your theory in view of your perceptions? Is your theory upheld by your perceptions? 6) Sharing your decisions Scientists compose reports and offer presentations to educate others about their examination!

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Applying the Scientific Method: Archeology

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What\'s Archeology and Who\'s an Archeologist? Paleontology: The investigation of human movement and the past through material remains Archeologist: A researcher who thinks about people, at various times, through their material remains Uses the Scientific Method!!!

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Not all archeologists consider the past! Some examine material stays from our own general public!!! Bill Rathje

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The Garbology Project From: Rubbish: The Archeology of Garbage , by William Rathje and Cullen Murphy. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 2001

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The Garbage Project Began at the University of Arizona in 1973 As a feature of their examination technique, venture work force have studied more than 250,000 lbs of rubbish from American family units and Landfills since 1973. Research Question: What would we be able to find out about our own general public from the rubbish we discard?

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Hypotheses First, what theories do you have about what the garbologists would discover in the run of the mill American refuse and in Landfills? The Garbage Project built up a few theories and inquiries in view of surveys and other general information… .

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Hypotheses and Specific Questions the Garbology Project Generated: Landfills are topping off with fast food bundling and bunches of plastic waste – as taking into account overviews of what numerous Americans believe is in our waste. Paper and sustenance items biodegrade after some time. What is the relationship between what individuals say they do and eat, and what is really found in their trash?

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Methods and Data Collection How might you test the theory? Systematically uncover, or dive in landfill… .

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Randomly gather family unit junk… .

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Methods and Data Collection … sort substance layer by layer and pack by sack …

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Methods and Data Collection Rathje and Murphy (2001:73) … and record perceptions about what You find!!!

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Project Observations: 1) Landfills contain right around 40% daily papers somewhere around 15 and 40 years of age!!! 2) Plastic jugs, pop jars, and fast food bundling under 1%!!! Things, for example, lettuce and old natural product kept going more than 15 years!

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Inferences - What do the perceptions mean? Do the perceptions bolster the theories? NO!!! Landfills are not topping off with plastics, but rather with paper and development items. Things that we would hope to break down don\'t generally. Reusing of paper items, notwithstanding plastics, is not a noteworthy action in cutting edge society in contrast with the aggregate sum of junk!

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Conclusions Recycling, particularly of paper, should be a PRIORITY! Individuals need to discover approaches to compost! What individuals believe is in their trash is not as a matter of course what is truly there!!! what\'s more, … What individuals say they eat and do is not generally fundamentally the case!

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Important references From: Rubbish: The Archeology of Garbage , by William Rathje and Cullen Murphy. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 2001

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