The National Off-Expressway Gear Natural Viewpoint.

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Obliges Best Available Technology (BAT) for development gear 50 hp or more prominent worked by organizations and ... on the other hand diesel non-street development hardware to sit for a period ...
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The National Off-Highway Equipment Environmental Outlook 2010 Randall-Reilly Construction Symposium Tuscaloosa, Alabama April 29, 2010

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The National Off-Highway Equipment Environmental Outlook 2010 Randall-Reilly Construction Symposium Tuscaloosa, Alabama April 29, 2010

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Construction Equipment Environmental Issues Air Quality EPA Non-Road Emission Regulations Engine Technologies State Initiatives Contracts and Bid Specification Noise Greenhouse Gasses Topics Covered Today

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Off-Highway Equipment Construction Equipment Mobile Equipment Backhoes Excavators Loaders Etc. Versatile Equipment Generators Compressors Pumps Auxiliary Engines Etc.

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Air Quality Particulate Matter (PM) Nitrogen Oxide ( NO x ) Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Non-Methane Hydrocarbons (NMHC) Sulfur Opacity

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Current Non-Attainment Areas PM2.5 208 regions Ozone 347 regions Total 408 regions

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Non-Attainment Area Facts 2010+ PM2.5 ~237 provinces (in light of most recent EPA information) Ozone ~345 districts (in view of most recent EPA information) Total ~440-550 regions

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2011+ Non-Attainment Projection

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NO x Byproduct of burning particularly at higher temperature Precursor to Ozone Lumped with NMHC in numerous discharge models

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EPA Manufacturer Standards

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Exhaust After Treatment Required EPA Non-Road Emission Regulations

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Technologies to Achieve Standards Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC) Nitrogen Enriched Air (NEA) Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR)

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PM, PM10, PM2.5 Byproduct of deficient ignition Classified as an air poisonous in California

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EPA Manufacturer Standards

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Exhaust After Treatment Required EPA Non-Road Emission Regulations

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Technologies to Achieve Standards Most NO x emanation control methodologies add to a lessening in PM outflows Diesel Oxidation Catalyst - 25% Diesel Particulate Filters - >85% Verified Diesel Emission Control Strategies (VDECS)

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Exhaust Gas Cooled Air from Intercooler VTG Turbo Air Inlet EGR Valve EGR Cooler Compressed Air from Turbocharger Tier 3 Technical Path NO x decrease: Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) Particulate Matter (PM) diminishment: Advanced Fuel Injection System

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EGR Valve Larger EGR Cooler Interim Tier 4 Technical Path HC Injection Exhaust Gas DPF DOC Intake Air Throttle VTG Turbo, in addition to Fixed turbo Air Inlet NO x decrease: Additional Exhaust Recirculation Particulate Matter (PM) lessening: Higher fuel infusion weight Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC) Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Compressed Air from Turbocharger

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Final Tier 4 Possible Technology Urea Injection HC Injection Exhaust Gas DPF SCR DOC Intake Air Throttle VTG Turbo, in addition to Fixed turbo Air Inlet EGR Valve Additional NO x decrease with Urea-based Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) Urea infused into fumes 80% NO x diminishment EGR Cooler Compressed Air from Turbocharger

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Tier 4 Final (2010 On-Highway, 2014 Non-Road) Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) Aftertreatment Requires urea infusion into fumes Urea solidifies at 11°F

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Sulfur Contributor to SO x (corrosive downpour). At present transitioning from low sulfur diesel fuel to ultra low sulfur diesel fuel (ULSD) across the country. ULSD has 15ppm or less S. All outflow control procedures work best utilizing ULSD yet motors don\'t.

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Other Emission Reduction Strategies NO x and PM Emulsified Fuel Conversion to Natural Gas Electrification Hybrid Diesel Electric Designs Idling Restrictions

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The Regulatory Movement California ARB Diesel Regulation Activities New York City Local Law 77 Connecticut Clean Air Construction Initiative Massachusetts Projects Virginia - Bid to Contractors Texas TERP

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California Air Resources Board (ARB) California Air Resources Board (ARB) Portable Diesel Engine Air Toxic Control Measure Stationary Diesel Engine Air Toxic Control Measure Carl Moyer Surplus Off-Road Opt-in for NO x (SOON) Program Off-street (In-Use) Diesel Regulation Up to 32 States are nearly watching this direction

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- Connecticut - Delaware - Georgia - Illinois - Indiana - Kentucky - Maryland - Michigan - Missouri - New Jersey - New York - North Carolina - Ohio - Pennsylvania - Tennessee - Virginia - District of Columbia States Expressing an Interest in Adopting California\'s Off-Road Rule

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The Regulatory Movement (cont.) Lead Time Requirement for California\'s Off-Road Rule to Take Effect in Other States California Adopts Rule States Must experience their Rule Adoption Process The Rule Must be Identical to California\'s The State\'s Rule Must Provide a Minimum Two-Year Lead Time After Adoption Note: States don\'t have to sit tight for the California Rule to get a government appropriation waiver before receiving their own particular Rule. EPA and the courts have reliably taken the position that a non-California state may embrace California principles that have not got an appropriation waiver but rather that the state can\'t uphold the standards until the California acquisition waiver is conceded.

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New York City Local Law 77 Requires Best Available Technology (BAT) for development hardware 50 hp or more prominent worked by organizations and temporary workers working inside the city. BAT is in fact doable EPA or CARB confirmed gadgets, or others. Ultra low sulfur diesel fuel (ULSD) is likewise required.

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Connecticut Clean Air Construction Initiative CT Clean Air Construction Bid Specification Low Sulfur Diesel Oxidation Catalysts Diesel Particulate Filters Annual Review of CARB/EPA Verifications New Verifications Included in Following Years\' Bid Specifications

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Massachusetts Highway Department, Transportation Authority, Department of Environmental Protection all require no less than a DOC on all anticipate hardware. Case: The Big Dig more than 200 hardware retrofitted with DOC\'s The Regulatory Movement (cont.)

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The accompanying prerequisites were incorporated into the offer particular: All Contractor and sub-temporary worker diesel fueled non-street development gear with motor strength (HP) evaluations of 60 HP or more… should be retrofitted with Emission Control Devices so as to decrease diesel outflows. The Retrofit Emission Control Devices might comprise of oxidation impetuses, or comparable retrofit gear control innovation that (1) is incorporated on the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Verified Retrofit Technology List and (2) is confirmed by EPA or affirmed by the maker to give a base emanations lessening of 20% PM 10 , 40% CO, and half HC. Level 2, Tier 3 and Tier 4 Engines Exempt from this Requirement No contractual worker will permit any diesel-powered business engine vehicles or diesel non-street development gear to sit without moving for a period more noteworthy than 5 minutes. Virginia - Army Relocation of National Capitol Region Facilities to Fort Belvoir, VA

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Texas Emissions Reductions Plan Provides motivating force subsidizing for retrofits and more up to date cleaner hardware Voluntary Texas Emissions Reductions Plan (TERP)

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Since the 1972 section of the Noise Control Act, commotion has been managed at each level of government National measures have been made to farthest point clamor from vehicles and modern gear States have likewise required clamor components in arranging archives Local laws fundamentally coordinated at development clamor are set up in a huge number of urban communities and towns Most clamor is dealt with at the "disturbance" level and not evaluated for implementation purposes Consult your nearby "commotion" master for extra data Noise

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CO 2 , N 2 O, CH 4 EPA compulsory nursery gas reporting for vast stationary sources begins in 2011 for the 2010 date-book year. Modern sources which incorporates development sources represent 18% of GHG outflows, development is in this. It is just a short time before GHG\'s from development gear will get to be liable to direct control. Nursery Gasses (GHG)

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If you have any inquiries, please get in touch with me: Drew Delaney Associates Environmental 16882 Bolsa Chica Street, Suite 202 Huntington Beach, CA 92649 Office: (714) 916-4953 x703 Mobile: (949) 322-3739 Fax: (714) 362-9085 Thank You

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