The Olympic Recreations.


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The Olympic Amusements Address Synopsis Antiquated and Present day Olympics Occasions Offices Logistics Prizes Meaning Old and Cutting edge Diversions Past ways to deal with the old Olympics were chronologically misguided – they translated the old recreations through the ethos of the advanced diversions
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Slide 1

The Olympic Games

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Lecture Summary Ancient and Modern Olympics Events Facilities Logistics Prizes Meaning

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Ancient and Modern Games Past ways to deal with the antiquated Olympics were chronologically erroneous – they translated the old diversions through the cutting edge\'s ethos recreations advanced amusements developed in the late 19 th century (1896) regarding: 1. Emanant Greek Nationalism, 2.English and French Social Policies

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Ancient Games Ancient Games – were not multi-national, far less occasions, did not lay on ideas of peace and fraternity Ancient Olympics: 1. A religious celebration, 2. an event for privileged presentation of arete , 3. Event for between polis rivalry, 4. An announcement of Greek personality during a time of colonization

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Summary of Events at Ancient Games Horse Race Chariot Race Running Wrestling Boxing Pankration Pentathlon (Running, Jumping, Discus, Javelin, Wrestling)

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Keles - The Horse Race extremely highborn occasion (just the rich could keep stallions) The steed proprietor was the victor, not the Rider rode without seat or stirrups however conveyed a urge and utilized goads Course comprised of 6 laps around two turning posts (approx. 7.2 km)

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Chariot Races Tethrippon – 4 Horse Chariots Introduced in 680 BCE 12 laps (14.4 km) around two turning posts Separate class for foals set up in 384 BCE Foals ran 8 laps (9.6 km) Aristocratic occasion Victor = the group\'s proprietor and not the driver Synoris = Two stallion chariot race presented in 408 BCE

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Other Equine Events Apene (Mule-truck race) – Introduced in 500 BCE Kalpe (Mare race) – Introduced in 496 BCE/Discontinued in 444 BCE Anabates (Dismounting challenge) – Introduced in 496 BCE)/Discontinued in 444 BCE

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Running Events The Stadion = Sprint of 1 stade (190 m) Only occasion down to 724 BCE (got to be fundamental unit of estimation for long separation From 724 BCE the Diaulos (384 m or 2 stades) From 720 BCE the Dolichos (7.5-9 km or 20 to 24 stades) From 520 BCE Hoplite Race (384 to 768 m or 2 to 4 stades) wearing head protector, shield, and greaves

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Stadium at Olympia

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Pale - Wrestling No weight classes or time points of confinement Dominated by heavier competitors Must toss rival 3 out of 5 falls or compel him to present A fall must be on a hip, shoulder, or back to check Biting, eye-gouging, striking, genital-holds not permitted, albeit breaking fingers was allowed Official administered acquiescence to controls – infringement were rebuffed with whipping

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Pux - Boxing No time cutoff points, adjusts or weight classes Fighters were isolated into age classes: 1. Men (more than 17 years), 2. Young men (up to 17 years) Victory accomplished by: 1. Thumping out adversary, 2. Raising so as to con accommodation of adversary (showed file figure)

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Boxing proceeded with Blows appear to be regularly coordinated at the head Hitting a rival when down was allowed Opponents were picked by parcel Boxers did not utilize gloves but rather himantes meilichai (Ox-conceal straps) to secure the hands, not the opponent’s face

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pankration All out battle involving boxing, wrestling, and kicking Fighters isolated into boy’s and men’s classifications yet there were no weight classes Victory was accomplished through driving accommodation or through weakening the rival Only gouging and gnawing were restricted Permanent harm and demise not extraordinary

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Arrachion of Phigaleia Victor – Pankration – 564 BCE The Phigalians have on their commercial center a statue of the pancratiast Arrhachion; it is obsolete, particularly in its stance. The feet are near one another, and the arms hang around the side similarly as the hips. The statue is made of stone, and it is said that an engraving was composed upon it. This has vanished with time, yet Arrhachion won two Olympic triumphs at Festivals before the fifty-fourth, while at this Festival he won one because of the Umpires\' reasonableness and incompletely to his own particular masculinity. [2] For when he was fighting for the wild olive with the final contender, whoever he was, the recent took a few to get back some composure to begin with, and held Arrhachion, embracing him with his legs, and in the meantime he pressed his neck with his hands. Arrhachion disjoined his adversary\'s toe, yet lapsed attributable to suffocation; however he who choked out Arrhachion was compelled to give in the meantime in view of the agony in his toe. The Eleans delegated and announced victor the body of Arrhachion.(Pausanius, 8.40.1-2. W.H.S. Jones, 1918) - http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/container/text.jsp?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0160%3Abook%3D8%3Achapter%3D40%3Asection%3D2

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pentathlon Consisted of expansive bounce, plate, lance, stadion , and wrestling Jump, disk, and lance just happened in the pentathlon Less prestigious than the master occasions (demonstrating that they didn\'t go up against the experts) Scoring: First individual with three triumphs wins Discus, Javelin, and Jump held first If no unmistakable victor after initial three occasions, remaining contenders are dispensed with in the stadion and, if essential, in a wrestling match

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Javelin, Jump, and Discus exceptional Equipment Discus – Typically made of bronze; normal weight = 2.5 kg; young men utilized a lighter disk Javelin – ca. 5 ft long; made of elderwood with iron tip; cowhide thong appended at focal point of gravity to include separation through rifling movement Halteres – hopping weights; measured c. 1.4-4.5 kg; swung for energy and dropped in mid hop – competitors made running hops

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www.culture.gr/2/21/211/21107a/e211ga02.html Discus

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www.culture.gr/2/21/211/21107a/e211ga02.html Votive Halteres

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The Site of Olympia = remote haven in the North-West Peloponnese Cult asylum connected with the city of Elis Site comprised of: 1. Altis (sacrosanct region of Zeus) including arrangement of outdoors sacrificial stones, the holy place of Zeus, and the sanctuary of Hera, 2. Sanctuary treasuries for particular poleis (600-450 BCE), 3. Sanctuary of Zeus (470-456 BCE), 4. Authorities offices (I.e. Prytaneion, Bouleuterion), 5. Statues of victors, 6. Stadium, 7. Hippodrome Facilities were included bit by bit between 776 BCE and c. 350 BCE when it came to its completed structure

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Location of Olympia http://www.utexas.edu/courses/classicalarch/images3/MapArchaeolGreece.gif

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The Site of Olympia Joe Stubenrauch http://www.calvin.edu/scholastic/clas/pathways/olympia/

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www.culture.gr/2/21/211/21107a/e211ga02.html Olympia

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www.culture.gr/2/21/211/21107a/e211ga02.html The Stadium

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oncampus.richmond.edu/.../photographs/olympia.html Balibides

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The Hysplex c. 300 BCE http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Olympia/HysplexIs.jpg

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oncampus.richmond.edu/.../photographs/olympia.html Seat of the Hellenodikai

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www.culture.gr/2/21/211/21107a/e211ga02.html The Bouleuterion ca. 550 BCE

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Logistics Games held as a component of celebration to Zeus like clockwork 5 days in length, amid the second full moon after the mid year solstice Games created around the celebration, presumably not key to the celebration Organized and financed by the city of Elis Spondophoroi (envoys) conveyed from Elis to welcome competitors and observers – announced the ekecheria (hallowed détente) Hellenodikai (Judges of the Greeks) named at Elis as coordinators – 2 after 580 BCE, 10 after 400 BCE Officials chose at Elis by parcel – prepared by nomothetai (uniquely prepared authorities) All competitors prepared for 1 month before the diversions at Elis to safeguard their aggressive quality Additional Staff: 1. Magistophoroi (whip-scourgers), 2. Rabdouchoi (pole bearers), 3. Alytarches (group control)

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Quality Control “One of the imperative things in Elis is an old exercise room . In this exercise room the competitors are wont to experience the preparation through which they must go before going to Olympia….” (Pausanius,6.23.1. W.H.S. Jones, 1918) http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/container/text.jsp?doc=Paus.+6.23.1&fromdoc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0160

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The Games Athletes, Trainers, and Spectators gather at Elis All move in parade to spring of Pieria where authorities cleanse themselves The following day parade moves to Olympia Day 1: Athletes and Hellenodikai swear pledge at Bouleuterion to Zeus Horkios (Zeus of Oaths); Boys occasions Day 2: Equestrian occasions and Pentathlon; penance to Pelops Day 3: Procession of represetatives, judges, competitors; Hekatomb to Zeus; Running; open banquet Day 4: Combat occasions and Hoplite Race Day 5: Procession; Crowning victors; Feast Hellenodikai wearing purple robes: 1.Separated contenders by age, 2. Combined contenders, est. request for casting so as to toss/hopping, appointed running paths parcels, 3. Regulated occasions (could scourge, fine or remove con artists

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The Olympic Oath “[9] But the Zeus in the Council Chamber is of the considerable number of pictures of Zeus the one well on the way to strike fear into the hearts of delinquents. He is surnamed Oath-god, and in every hand he holds a thunderbolt. Alongside this picture it is the custom for competitors, their fathers and their siblings, and also their coaches, to make a solemn heaps of pig\'s tissue that in nothing will they sin against the Olympic diversions. The competitors take this further promise likewise, that for ten progressive months they have entirely taken after the regulations for preparing. [10] A vow is additionally taken by the individuals who look at the young men, or the foals entering for races, that they will choose decently and without taking rewards, and that they will keep mystery what they find out around a hopeful, whether acknowledged or not. I neglected to ask what it is standard to do with the hog after the competitors\' pledge, however the old custom about cas

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