The Rise of Cutting edge Protestantism 1725 - 1850.


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The Rise of Cutting edge Protestantism 1725 - 1850. Address 1 – Presentation, Survey and Review. Dr. Dave Doughty. The 5 th class in a twenty-year course!. 1992 (or was it 1993?) "The Spreading Fire" (33 to 456 Promotion) 1996 (put off from 1995)
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Slide 1

The Emergence of Modern Protestantism 1725 - 1850 Lecture 1 – Introduction, Review and Preview Dr. Dave Doughty

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The 5 th class in a twenty-year course! 1992 (or would it say it was 1993?) “The Spreading Flame” (33 to 456 AD) 1996 (put off from 1995) The Church in the Middle Ages (500 to 1350 AD) 2000 The Reformation (1350 – 1611) 2004 The Expansion and Decline of Protestant Christianity (1607 – 1730)

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Review of 1607 - 1730 In 1607 the first gathering of 104 pioneers land at Jamestown 1610 Arminius and the “ Remonstrants ” 1618 - Synod of Dort 1611 – KJV Kepler (1571-1630) “What voice has the paradise, what voice have the stars, to acclaim God as man does? Unless, when they supply man with reason to acclaim God, they themselves are said to applaud God.” Galileo (1564-1642) “In debate about characteristic marvels one must start not with the power of Scriptural entries but rather with tangible experience and fundamental showings. For the Holy Scripture and nature get just as from the Godhead, the previous as the Holy\'s correspondence Spirit, and the recent as the most faithful executrix of God’s requests. Besides, to suit the regular\'s comprehension individuals, it is fitting for Scripture to say numerous things that are diverse (in appearance and with respect to the exacting importance of the words) from the outright truth.”

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Review – Puritans and Pilgrims 3 sorts of “Puritans” (Puritans, Presbyterians, Independents) 2 sorts of Independents (Separatists – Pilgrims, Non-separatists – Massachusetts Bay Colony) Pilgrims Arrive in US (1620) 1629 Charles Dissolves Parliament Puritans Arrive in US(1630)

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Review-Descartes (1596-1650) Philosophy Everything is to be questioned – disclosures, ideas about God, the universe of qualities, physical things, conclusions.

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Review - Descartes Proof for the presence of God. 1. I have a thought of God, an immaculate being. 2. There must be as much reality or flawlessness in the reason for anything as in the impact. This applies to the presence of thoughts, as well as to the truth of what they speak to. Not just must the thought\'s presence be clarified, additionally what it speaks to. 3. The thought of God speaks to something so flawless that I couldn\'t have been the reason for this thought. In this manner, God must exist as the main conceivable reason for the flawlessness found in my concept of Him.

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The Problem with Descartes He hoists reason His “reasoning” is not as past savants and scholars – obliges “mathematical style proof” He raises uncertainty Doubt turns into the essential goodness Doubt is the way to learning Belief in God gets to be “formal” Like a scientific verification How would you adore a numerical confirmation? On the off chance that uncertainty and reason are the need, what happens to wonders?

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Review – Pascal (1623-1662) A Devout Christian “I can\'t pardon Descartes. In all his rationality he would have been very ready to get rid of God. Be that as it may, he needed to make Him give a fillip to set the world in movement; past this, he has no further need of God .” “Men loathe religion; they abhor it and trepidation it is valid. To cure this, we must start by demonstrating that religion is not in spite of reason; that it is revered, to move regard for it; then we must make it adorable, to make great men trust it is genuine; at long last, we must demonstrate it is true.”

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Review – Pascal “The Christian religion, then, shows men these two truths; that there is a God whom men can know, and that there is a defilement in their inclination which renders them unworthy of Him. It is just as essential to men to know both these focuses; and it is similarly perilous for man to know God without knowing his own particular wretchedness, and to know his own wretchedness without knowing the Redeemer who can free him from it. The information of stand out of these focuses gives rise either to the pride of savants, who have known God, and not their own particular wretchedness, or to the give up all hope of skeptics, who know their own wretchedness, yet not the Redeemer. ” “What reason have they for saying that we can\'t become alive once again? Furthermore troublesome, to be conceived or to rise again; that what has never been ought to be, or that what has been ought to be again? Is it more hard to appear than to come back to it? Propensity makes the one seem simple to us; need of propensity makes the other unthinkable. A well known mindset!

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Review – the 17 th Century – America 1636 Roger Williams Leaves Mass. Inlet Colony – Rhode Island 1638 Anne Hutchinson expelled from Mass. Inlet Colony 1641 New York – Public love for Dutch Reformed and NE Calvinists (others in private) 1646 George Fox, Inner Light, and the Quakers Arrive in Massachusetts Bay in 1656 (some hanged) 1648 Puritans, the Visible Church and Baptism 1690 Maryland – Church of England (initially Catholic)

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Review – the 17 th Century – UK 1643 Charles I constrained out of London Puritans assume control 1643 - 1649 Westminster Assembly Mostly Presbyterian Puritans 1649 Charles I executed 1658 Cromwell bites the dust 1660 Charles II took after by James II in 1672 Tries to redo England into Catholic nation 1685 The Killing Time (The Wigtown Martyrs) 1688 The Glorious Revolution (William and Mary) 1689 Acts of Toleration (pretty much all protestants)

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Review – Bunyan, Milton, Newton 1660 John Bunyan captured for Puritan sees Holy City – Pilgrims Progress Milton Paradise Lost 1667 Here we may rule secure; and in my decision To rule is worth aspiration, however in damnation: Better to rule in hellfire than serve in heaven.â â â  Paradise Regained 1671 Newton Principia – 1687 “Christ gave himself for me. Gal. 2:20”

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Review – Locke (1632-1704) “Two Treatises of Government” - 1689 Men have regular rights to life freedom and property. Government built up by assent of the represented to secure these characteristic rights The greater part\'s will must decide When that will is not did, the general population have the privilege of transformation The administrative and official capacities ought to be deliberately separated The authoritative capacity is predominant Government ought not be coercive in matters of confidence

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Review – Locke “Reasonableness of Christianity” - 1695 Scriptures contain a message past the force of unaided motivation to accomplish, authenticated by marvels That message can\'t be in opposition to reason A wonder couldn\'t validate anything basically nonsensical It was sufficient to recognize Jesus as the Messiah, and practice the ethical ideals which he announced, which are in basic accord with the manages of a reason which is not really discernable from edified judgment skills.

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Review – Presbyterians in America Various Presbyterians moved to America English Puritans of Presbyterian influence Welch Presbyterians Scottish migrants (non-Cameronian) Hugenots, additionally transformed Dutch, Germ., Switz. Scattered and separated Most in center, some in NE, some in south 1706 – the first between pilgrim presbytery framed Independent of any old-world synod “to meet yearly or oftener…to counsel the most legitimate measure for propelling religion and spreading Christianity…” 1716 – Synod of Philadelphia with three presbyteries

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Summary of Presbyterianism 1729 - Adopted Westminster gauges as admission In 1743 there are two Presbyterian holy places in Scotland Church of Scotland Reformed Presbyterian Church of Scotland (Cameronians or Covenanters) In 1743 there are two Presbyterian chapels in America Philadelphia Synod Reformed Presbyterian Church in America

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Review – Deism Locke is the Key (Reasonableness!) Five articles (from 1624) Belief in the presence of a solitary preeminent God Humanity\'s obligation to worship God Linkage of love with down to earth profound quality God will forget us on the off chance that we apologize and desert our wrongdoings Good works will be compensated (and discipline for insidiousness) both in life and after death Toland – Christianity not Mysterious (1696) “I plan to make it show up, that the Use of Reason is not all that hazardous in Religion as it is usually represented…”

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John and Charles Wesley Go to Oxford in 1720s Holy Club 1735 Head to Georgia John - “My boss intention is the trust of sparing my own spirit. I would like to take in the genuine preaching so as to fee of the Gospel of Christ it to the heathen."

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John and Charles Wesley May 20-21, 1738 – Charles had a change experience “At midnight I offered myself to Christ; guaranteed I was sheltered, whether resting or waking. I had the nonstop experience of His energy to conquer all enticement, and admitted, with happiness and shock, that He found himself able to do exceedingly inexhaustibly for me, above what I can ask or think.” "...Reason can\'t create confidence. In spite of the fact that it is constantly reliable with reason, yet reason can\'t deliver confidence, in the scriptural feeling of the word. Confidence, as indicated by Scripture, is \'a confirmation,\' or conviction, \'of things not seen.\'

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End of Review Questions?

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This Class – Emergence of Modern Protestantism Mostly centered around U.S. Church History Because the most fascinating church history improvements arrived in the settlements Mostly centered around Continental Philosophers Because the most “interesting” philosophical advancements were going on in Europe

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Coming Topics Why Religious Freedom in