The Role of the Caribbean in Black Intellectual Movements, 1940s-1970s. .


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Arrangement of Presentation. Foundation to Caribbean associations with North America and Intellectual Movements.Historical sample of the Haitian Revolution.Caribbean Movement(s) and Intellectual Movements.Intellectual Movements and Caribbean Connections.Conclusions. Don't hesitate TO ASK QUESTIONS AT ANY TIME..
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The Role of the Caribbean in Black Intellectual Movements, 1940s-1970s. Section 1: From Négritude to Natty Dread: An Introduction. W.E.B. Dubois in Haiti, 1940s.

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Plan of Presentation Background to Caribbean associations with North America and Intellectual Movements. Recorded case of the Haitian Revolution. Caribbean Movement(s) and Intellectual Movements. Scholarly Movements and Caribbean Connections. Conclusions. Don\'t hesitate TO ASK QUESTIONS AT ANY TIME.

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The Caribbean

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The Haitian Revolution as Example of Caribbean Connections TO TOUSSAINT LOUVERTURE
 Whether the shrieking Rustic tend his plough
Within thy hearing, or thy head be now
Pillowed in some profound cell\'s earless cave; - 
O hopeless Chieftain! where and when
Wilt thou discover tolerance? However pass on not; do thou
Wear rather in thy bonds a happy brow:
Though fallen thyself, never to rise again,
Live, and take comfort. Thou hast left behind
Powers that will work for thee; air, earth, and skies;
There\'s not a breathing of the normal wind
That will overlook thee; thou hast incredible allies;
Thy companions are celebrations, agonies,
And love, and man\'s unconquerable personality By William Wordsworth

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Caribbean Migration as a calculate Intellectual Exchange Source: Department of Homeland Security, Office of Immigration Statistics, 2003 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics (September 2004).

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Some Caribbean Intellectual Movements - > Garveyism - >Négritude/Negrismo - > Noirisme - >Marxism - > Black Nationalism - >Anti-Colonialism - > Democratic Socialism - > Rastafari

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Garveyism - Black Nationalism in view of the lessons and methods of insight of Marcus Garvey, from Jamaica. - The UNIA (United Negro Improvement Association) was situated in Harlem, NY and Had more than 1,000 parts in 40 nations. - The tallness of Garveyism was 1930s however the development would have persevering effect.

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1930s-1940s:Négritude/Negrismo Black social development that started in Paris in the 1920s and spread in the 1930s among French pioneer understudies. Was intensely impacted by the Harlem Renaissance. Included a festival of Black feel and culture in workmanship, verse, composing, and scholarly thought. Négritude impacted the Cuban variation, Negrismo in the 1930s. For French and Spanish Caribbean educated people it was the characterizing dark cognizance development of the interwar years.

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1930s-1940s: Indigénisme (Indigenous Movt - Haiti) Jean Price-Mars

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1940s-1970s: Marxism Since the time of the Great Depression Marxist thoughts took firm root in Caribbean radical governmental issues. The impacts were from the U.S. (CPUSA) and in addition U.S.S.R. After WWII the Marxist development extended and impacted gathering governmental issues, particularly in Cuba, Jamaica, and Haiti.

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Marxism - Cuba 1920s-1950s Formed in 1920s. Had solid associations with U.S.S.R Suppressed by different governments. 1950s ahead Influenced the progressive development in Cuba that prompted to the Castro Revolution of 1959. Turned into the directing belief system in Cuba from 1960s to show. Impacted socialist developments somewhere else in the Caribbean. Communist Party Headquarters, Havana.

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Marxism - Jamaica 1940s-1950s Marxism in JA starts with Party arrangement in the mid 1940s. The early Marxists were removed amid the Cold War weights of the 1950s. 1960s-1970s Marxism develops among radical youth. They are affected by the radical developments in Cuba taking after the Revolution and the radical developments in the U.S. in the 1960s. A few developments are made by Marxist Youth including: Young Socialist League; Workers freedom League; and Workers Party of Jamaica.

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Democratic Socialism Launched by the PNP Government in Jamaica in 1974 as a reaction to the worldwide emergency brought on by subsidence in the mid seventies. Had before roots; Norman Manley drated an arrangement for majority rule communism in the 1960s. Based on the PNP\'s notoriety for being as a rule left from focus. Consolidated a few of the thoughts of contemporary streams - Marxism specifically, and also Black Nationalism and against Colonialism.

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Black Nationalism Drew vigorously from the Civil Rights and Black Power in the U.S. A large number of that period had Caribbean connections, for example, Stokely Carmichael/Kwame Ture, who was from Trinidad.

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Black Power in the Caribbean Walter Rodney, (Guyanese scholarly )1969: "Dark Power in the West Indies implies these three firmly related things: The break with dominion which is verifiably white supremacist. The suspicion of force by the dark masses of the islands. The social remaking of the general public in the picture of the blacks. These are the zones with which we as dark individuals must concern ourselves in the future."

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Rastafari Movement unites a number of the streams of the earlier decades: Garveyism; Négritude; Black Nationalism; Black Power; Anti-imperialism.

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Conclusions The Caribbean has dependably been incorporated with different nations in the Americas, especially the U.S. In the twentieth century these associations fixed thus of expanded development over the locale. As the Caribbean entered a transformative stage, 1940s-1970s, it drew intensely on streams originating from North America, and thus affected these exceptionally ebbs and flows. This impact guided the improvement of a mind boggling exchange of developments and thoughts over the area.

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Further Reading Evelyne Stephens & John Stephens, Democratic Socialism in Jamaica Matthew J. Smith, Red and Black in Haiti Selwyn Ryan, Race & Nationalism in Trinidad and Tobago Elizabeth Thomas Hope, Caribbean Migration Marcus Garvey, The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey Magdaline Shannon, Jean Price Mars, the Haitian world class and the American Occupation J Michael Dash, Literature and Ideology in Haiti Sam Farber, Origins of the Cuban Revolution Reconsidered. Brian Meeks, Radical Caribbean Barry Chevannes, Rastafari: Roots and Ideology

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