The Height of Greek Civilization Chapter 5 World History John 3:16Slide 2
Chapter Themes Innovation: The antiquated Greeks built up a society that gets to be one of the establishments of Western human advancement The Parthenon John 3:16Slide 3
Chapter Themes Innovation: Ancient Greek masterminds have confidence in reason and the significance of the individual Socrates John 3:16Slide 4
Chapter Themes Cultural Diffusion: Alexander\'s domain realizes a blend of Greek and Middle Eastern societies Alexander the Great John 3:16Slide 5
This segment talks about the Mid-400s B.C., Greek\'s Golden Age. Craftsmen exceeded expectations in engineering, figure, and painting. These lovely yet shortsighted works are named "established". Essayists and scholars additionally made persevering accomplishments in writing and show . Mission for excellence and importance John 3:16Slide 6
Terms to Define Classical Sanctuary Perspective Amphora Tragedy Comedy John 3:16Slide 7
People to Meet Myron Phidias Praxiteles Aeschylus Sophocles Euripides Aristophanes m John 3:16Slide 8
Places to Locate Olympia John 3:16Slide 9
Building for the Gods The Greeks were "darlings of the lovely" City-states attempted to transform acropolis into engineering treasure John 3:16Slide 10
Building for the Gods The Parthenon—the sanctuary to the goddess Athena- - based on the summit of the Acropolis in Athens—best epitomizes traditional Greek design John 3:16Slide 11
Building for the Gods Parthenon of Athens worked under the tenet of Pericles Started 447 B.C. furthermore, completed 432 B.C. Traditional is described by excellent effortlessness and agile equalization. Iron in its marble makes it glimmer in the sun John 3:16Slide 12
Building for the Gods The Parthenon\'s agile extents flawlessly adjust width, length, and stature, epitomizing the Greek perfect of the "brilliant signify" This was a piece of the "Brilliant Age" of Greece John 3:16Slide 13
Building for the Gods Greeks adored in their homes or out entryways. So their sanctuaries were worked for the homes of their divine beings. John 3:16Slide 14
Building for the Gods Parthenon spoke to the "Brilliant Mean" "nothing to abundance" "… midpoint between two extremes" John 3:16Slide 15
Building for the Gods Greeks comprehended viewpoint Columns thicker in center… seem straight from all edges Steps lower in focus - seems straight Creating impression of flawlessness John 3:16Slide 16
Classical Greek Art Copied by the Romans Set enduring norms Other accomplishments in writing, workmanship, dramatization, and so forth., numerous considered works of art today. Numerous Europe\'s customs/social measures started with "Brilliant Age" John 3:16Slide 17
Greek Arts Greeks underscored the individual—along these lines exceeded expectations at depicting the human structure In both painting and figure, the Greeks exceeded expectations at depicting the human structure. Poseidon John 3:16Slide 18
Greek Art They painted wall paintings yet non survived. Their works are caught on vases Large vases were called amphora and regularly utilizes for wine or oils Painting on vases were ordinary scenes John 3:16Slide 19
Greek Arts Greek figure, similar to Greek engineering, achieved its tallness in Athens amid the season of Pericles The immense model Phidias was responsible for the Parthenon\'s models and cut the towering statue of Athena that was put inside. John 3:16Slide 20
Greek Arts Praxiteles work mirrored the progressions caused from the Peloponnesian War Sculptures were life-size, effortless, not effective Ordinary individuals and gods and legends. John 3:16Slide 21
Impact of War on Art Praxiteles cut common individuals into life-sized statues Loss of fearlessness Emphasis of effortlessness over force Before the Peloponnesian War, craftsmen cut just divinities and saints. After, they cut conventional individuals John 3:16Slide 22
Drama and Theater The Greeks were the principal individuals to compose and perform plays, displayed twice every year to respect Dionysus. The most punctual Greek plays were tragedies, in which the lead character battles against destiny just to be bound to a miserable closure John 3:16Slide 23
Aeschylus First of incredible scholars of tragedies Aeschylus\' (EHS*kuh*luhs) "Oresteia" set of three show how the outcomes of one\'s deeds are conveyed down era to era Its good is that the law of the group, not individual retribution, ought to choose discipline John 3:16Slide 24
Sophocles, the people to come, acknowledged human enduring as unavoidable yet focused on human valor and sympathy His "Oedipus Rex" delineates the situation of Oedipus, a lord bound to murder his dad and wed his mom. John 3:16Slide 25
Sophocles Despite Oedipus\' endeavors to maintain a strategic distance from his destiny, the divinities\' pronouncement materializes When he finds what he has done, he blinds himself and goes into outcast John 3:16Slide 26
Euripides, the last awesome Greek tragedian, concentrated on the human qualities that convey catastrophe to them Euripides despised war and huge numbers of his plays demonstrate the disaster that war brings John 3:16Slide 27
A Comedy Tonight Eventually the Greeks additionally composed comedies, plays with funny subjects and cheerful closure Aristophanes (ar*uh*STAH*fuh*NEEZ), the most renowned author of comedies, made innovative social parody John 3:16Slide 28
A Comedy Tonight Aristophanes\' works included witty remarks about driving figures and issues of the day Theater at Delphi John 3:16Slide 29
The Olympic Games Greeks accepted sound bodies made best utilization of nature\'s endowments Hercules by Phidias John 3:16Slide 30
The Olympic Games Greeks focused on sports in school educational programs Men invest relaxation energy in polis recreation center John 3:16Slide 31
The Olympics Olympic Games were held in Olympia like clockwork Olympics were religious celebration out of appreciation for Zeus Trading and battling ceased John 3:16Slide 32
The Olympic Games Athletes originated from all over Greek-talking world Women not allowed, even as onlookers Women\'s amusements out of appreciation for Hera held in various area John 3:16Slide 33
The Olympic Games Consistent with Greek accentuation on the person, there were individual as opposed to group occasions Foot races at first Later, expansive hop, examine, hopping, boxing, lance, and so forth. John 3:16Slide 34
The Olympic Games Winners were delegated with wreaths of olive leaves Parades held to pay tribute to champs Sometimes, duties were released John 3:16Slide 35
Greeks trusted the psyche could comprehend everything. Scholars, or masterminds, created surprising thoughts. Rationality signifies, "the looking for of knowledge". An establishment was laid for new trains like history, political science, science, and rationale—the study of thinking The Greek personality John 3:16Slide 36
Terms to Define Philosopher Logic Hygiene John 3:16Slide 37
People to Meet Sophists Socrates Plato Aristotle Herodotus Thucydides Thales Pythagoras Hippocrates John 3:16Slide 38
The Sophists In 400s B.C., instruction gave by Sophists: "knowers" Traveled polis to polis Claimed they could discover answers to all inquiries John 3:16Slide 39
The Sophists Rejected divine beings/goddesses impacted conduct No total good/legitimate guidelines Man is measure for goodness\' sake Truth distinctive for every individual John 3:16Slide 40
The Sophists Took cash for showing Interested in instructing argumentation to excel Socrates and Plato scrutinized them John 3:16Slide 41
Socrates Born 479 B.C., Athenian Sculptor by profession Spent time showing Believed in total truth Attracted to procedure of learning—showing thinking for oneself John 3:16Slide 42
Socrates Teaching strategy got to be known as "Socratic Method" Ask inquiries of understudies and afterward contradict their answers with rationale Forced understudies to guard their answers John 3:16Slide 43
Socrates Prominent Athenians blamed him for tainting youth … not revering the divine beings… " Socrates contended the quest for scholarly truth was the most imperative thing John 3:16Slide 44
Socrates Don\'t figure living or kicking the bucket, just "… doing right or wrong" Jury of subjects discovered him blameworthy and sentenced him to death John 3:16Slide 45
Socrates Had the privilege to request a lesser sentence, e.g., oust, however took after the law to the letter Drank noxious hemlock and passed on discreetly among companions John 3:16Slide 46
Plato Born Athenian blue-blood After Socrates demise At age 30, opened his Academy and showed Existed until A.D. 529 Student of Socrates John 3:16Slide 47
Plato From memory, recalled discoursed amongst Socrates and understudies Wrote first political science book The Republic Ideal society and government John 3:16Slide 48
Plato loathed Athenian majority rules system Preferred Spartan taxpayer driven organization to group above self Too much opportunity breeds issue Distrusted lower classes Only best instructed and most keen ought to take an interest in government John 3:16Slide 49
Plato had confidence in scanning for "truth" Rejected the faculties: hearing, feeling, seeing, and so on. Accepted numerous things thought to be faculties were just appearance Real world was thoughts or perfect "structures" Could just be comprehended through coherent thought or thinking John 3:16Slide 50
Aristotle Studied with Plato at the Academy for a long time Tutored Alexander the Great Opened Athenian school called Lyceum John 3:16Slide 51
Aristotle Wrote more than 200 books Astronomy Poetry Political Science Weather Etc. John 3:16Slide 52
Aristotle Italian writer Dante called him, "the expert of the individuals who know" Influenced later scholars with work in rationale Developed the syllogism Does the conclusion take after the premises John 3:16Slide 53
Aristotle and Science Great impact on investigative work First individual to watch and afterward group actualities According to contrasts and similitudes Views and strategy
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