The Universally Blended Arrangement of Characterization and Marking of Chemicals (GHS).


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The All inclusive Blended Arrangement of Order and Marking of Chemicals (GHS) Mary Frances Lowe U.S. EPA Office of Pesticide Projects FOSTTA Concoction Data and Administration Venture Arlington, Virginia October 17-18, 2005 What is the GHS ?
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Slide 1

The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) Mary Frances Lowe U.S. EPA Office of Pesticide Programs FOSTTA Chemical Information and Management Project Arlington, Virginia October 17-18, 2005

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What is the GHS ? A typical and sound way to deal with characterizing and grouping risks, and conveying data on names and security information sheets. Target gatherings of people incorporate laborers, purchasers, transport specialists, and crisis responders. Fundamental foundation for foundation of national, thorough synthetic security programs.

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Where we are presently: UNCED command (1992) Tripartite arrangements in three central focuses for over 10 years (finished in December 2002) UN ECOSOC regard July 2003 Countries/frameworks making arrangements for usage

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Scope of the GHS Harmonization of real existing frameworks for chemicals in transport, in the work environment, pesticides and shopper products—without bringing down the level of assurance managed by those frameworks Classification in light of inborn properties/dangers Scope covers all chemicals Consistent with U.S. administrative structure

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GHS Goals To advance more secure transport, taking care of and utilization of chemicals worldwide To encourage global exchange concoction items by advancing more prominent consistency in administrative prerequisites To diminish requirement for testing and assessment To help nations in creating procedures for sound administration of chemicals

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Benefits to U.S. Partners Greater consistency in data gave to individuals presented to chemicals expand providing so as to well and ecological insurance clear, steady name messages to clients of chemicals, specialists and the general population sign words, pictograms, and risk articulations will have the same importance in all settings/crosswise over divisions and globally

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Benefits to U.S. Partners (2) Greater consistency in administrative prerequisites U.S. industry must meet, at home and abroad lessen market hindrances and encourage consistence by killing need to learn and consent to numerous peril characterization and correspondences frameworks organizations just need to arrange once for all powers that actualize the GHS, including other household offices Strategies to minimize the expense of changes and license smooth move will be discriminating

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What ought to be fit Classification criteria for physical dangers

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What ought to be blended Classification criteria for physical risks, wellbeing perils,

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Health Effects Acute poisonous quality/lethality (oral, dermal, inward breath) Skin consumption/aggravation Serious eye harm/eye disturbance Respiratory refinement and skin sharpening Germ cell mutagenicity

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Health Effects (proceeded with) Carcinogenicity Reproductive and formative harmfulness, lactation impacts Specific target organ/systemic danger (single and rehashed presentation)

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What ought to be fit Classification criteria for physical dangers, wellbeing dangers, and oceanic harmfulness, for compound substances and blends

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Classification Criteria for Mixtures Based on the order criteria for substances Allows for the utilization of accessible information, to serve needs of projects that can/do oblige information (like OPP) and projects that don\'t have this power (like OSHA)

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Tiered Approach to Classification of Mixtures Generally utilize test information for the blend, when accessible  Use crossing over standards, if material  Estimate risks in view of the known fixing data

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What ought to be orchestrated Classification criteria for physical perils, wellbeing perils, and sea-going danger, for synthetic substances and blends Certain institutionalized name components: risk pictograms,

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What ought to be fit Classification criteria for physical perils, wellbeing risks, and amphibian poisonous quality, for concoction substances and blends Certain institutionalized name components: risk pictograms, utilization of two sign words (threat and cautioning), and danger articulations for every risk class and classification [Product identifiers and preliminary statements] Format and substance for Safety Data Sheets

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What does not have to change to be steady with the GHS Supplemental data Testing strategies and information necessities Use of danger based naming for interminable impacts for purchaser items in the shopper utilization setting Scope of perils secured by national frameworks (“building block” approach) Downstream impacts

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General Implementation Expectations Voluntary universal system—no tying arrangement commitments on nations Intent is that nations with existing frameworks will orchestrate them to be reliable with the GHS and Countries that don\'t have frameworks will receive GHS as their fundamental framework To degree that nations embrace GHS into their frameworks, tying administrative changes for industry

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Timing No global usage plan IFCS, WSSD objective of 2008; APEC objective of 2006 Different frameworks/parts liable to oblige distinctive time periods Steps to stay away from interruption should be considered experiencing significant change from old to new names and information sheets

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Key U.S. Offices Consumer Product Safety Commission Department of Transportation Occupational Safety and Health Administration Environmental Protection Agency Core interagency gathering directions GHS exercises and positions for global gatherings State, USTR, Commerce additionally assume a part in universal and interagency consultations

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Implementation Planning Tasks Comprehensive correlation with existing practices Selection of “building blocks,” determination of mark configuration and situation issues Information frameworks backing required Internal and outside effort, data Decisions on usage mechanism(s) Consideration of transitional issues Coordination inside USG and universally

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What are the ramifications of GHS for EPA/OPP programs ? Usage would influence all pesticide marks Every pesticide client and handler would need to comprehend the new names Other regulations and approaches identified with arrangement classifications need survey

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EPA/OPP Implementation Planning Importance of naming to pesticide regulation: “the name is the law” Soon after ECOSOC selection, framed inner working gathering to organize arranging and create suggestions Representatives of all OPP divisions, other key EPA workplaces, state controllers and pesticide instructors

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EPA/OPP Implementation Planning Internal examinations, next to each other correlations of GHS with Label Review Manual and 40 CFR 156 Identification of ranges where changes would be should have been be steady with GHS Recommendations on “building blocks” and name formats Analysis of downstream linkages, e.g. laborer assurance, holder regulations

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To Implement the GHS: Basic Principles for Pesticides Cover all pesticides alike (some will be unclassified) Adopt GHS for all risk classes for which we now name when all is said in done, limit changes to those needed for GHS consistency

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General Comparison of GHS and OPP Classification and Labeling and Policies Effects/peril classes secured Test routines and necessities, premise of grouping, e.g., for blends Symbols/pictograms Signal words: health,environmental, physical dangers Hazard explanations

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“Building Blocks”

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“Building Blocks”

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Acute Toxicity Summary Comparison (1)

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Acute Toxicity (2)

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Product and Supplier Identifiers Current item and substance names and enlistment number prerequisites fulfill GHS procurements on item identifiers Ingredient divulgence guidelines vary for inerts, however GHS gives that CBI standards may override fixing exposure procurements No progressions in CBI approaches with GHS Expand supplier contact data (name, address, foundation number) to incorporate phone number?

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Key Issues for Consideration in EPA/OPP White Paper Scope of utilization Options for name accommodation and survey: separate endorsement process v. “routine business” model Work-sharing conceivable outcomes? Pilot? Timing Effective effort and instruction systems

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Comments got 1 Federal Agency 3 State and nearby government elements 7 Trade Associations 6 Individual registrant organizations 2 Professional/instructive affiliations 1 Consumer/open vested party 1 Individual master Coalition of creature welfare/rights bunches

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Issues in remarks Cost/advantage contemplations Technical/understanding inquiries and issues obliging elucidation (e.g., to keep away from motivating forces for extra testing) Pros and cons of usage choices Education/preparing/authorization issues Scope of scope issues Interagency and universal coordination issues

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Next Steps Work with partners to assess/location concerns, proceed with mindfulness raising, assess next steps Interagency planning procedure Coordination with NAFTA and OECD pesticides bunches Consideration of fresher components of the GHS (e.g., desire perils) and work at the worldwide level to abstain from “moving target”

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OSHA Update Completed exhaustive correlation of necessities with GHS and manual for GHS Added GHS to administrative motivation distributed 5/16/05 Plans Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, open door for open data on execution issues Leads U.S. assignment to GHS Sub-Committee NAFTA accomplice exchanges, workshop, EU pilot

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DOT Update Long history of harmonization with work of UN TDG Sub-Committee, North American partners Existing transport framework utilized as a part of creating GHS Changes expected

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