The Worldwide Car Industry Environmental Change and CO 2 Fuel Quality and Emanations.

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The Worldwide Car Industry Environmental Change and CO 2 Fuel Quality and Discharges Transport CO2 outflows contrasted with Aggregate man made emanations 12.2% 18.2% Fuel ignition for different uses Assembling and Development 15.9% Power Era and Warming 43.9%
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The Global Automotive Industry Climate Change and CO 2 Fuel Quality and Emissions

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Transport CO2 outflows contrasted with TOTAL man made discharges 12.2% 18.2% Fuel burning for different uses Manufacturing & Construction 15.9% Electricity Generation & Heating 43.9% Road Transport (Cars, Trucks & Busses) Road transport offer of worldwide CO2 emanations : LESS THAN 16% COST EFFICIENCY IS CRUCIAL !

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CO 2 emanations - EU-15 Sales weighted normal – new traveler autos - 12.4 % since 1995 8 l/100km 190 7.2 l/100km 180 170 6.7 l/100km grams/km 160 Petrol 150 5.8 l/100km Diesel 140 All powers 130 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Source: EU Commission correspondence – SEC(2006)1078

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Research and Development 85 billion €/year in R&D >1000 000 autos/year in EU with <120 g/km CO 2 Development of advanced innovations New impetus advances/option energizes Affordability Time to convey to the business sector Time to supplant existing armadas

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The Integrated Approach to lessen Road Transport CO 2 Vehicle innovation and its infiltration Fuel foundation Improved movement administration Final buyer – ECO driving Government arrangements: Clear Coherent Predictable Stable

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Fuel Quality Vehicle and fuel: one complete coordinated framework Clean vehicles need clean powers UN ECE exercises beginning to characterize join outflows/vehicle/fuel Strong backing via automobile industry

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Reducing CO 2 discharges The circumstance in Europe Xavier Fels President CCFA (French Automotive Manufacturers Association) Vice-President OICA Geneva Motor Show 5 March 2008

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The “engine” of Europe 18.6 million vehicles delivered every year, 1/3 of worldwide generation 2.3 million direct occupations, aberrant vocation for another 10 million families € 20 billion in R&D spending, biggest private speculator € 41.6 billion of net exchange commitment € 360 billion of expense incomes

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The car business is submitted Automotive industry is emphatically included and conferred 13% decrease CO 2 discharges through vehicle execution just (1995-2005) Car industry is expanding on noteworthy mechanical ventures and advancement to date All makers are trying significant endeavors: Need for worldwide, reliable and practical activity. Motor and transmission Light weight materials Improved optimal design Alternative fuel innovations Friction lessening Hybrid, module … and some more

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EU Commission just concentrate on auto innovation December 19, 2007 : European Commission’s administrative proposition on CO 2 decrease from autos : 120g/km in 2012: 130g/km through advancements (e.g. motor) 5g/km through bio powers 5g/km through correlative vehicle innovation measures ( Gear shift pointer, Energy-proficient aerating and cooling, Low moving resistance tires, Tire weight checking systems,… ) Narrow concentrate just on new auto innovation rather than a coordinated methodology including every applicable partner Contrary to all encompassing methodology embraced in Commission’s Energy Efficiency Action Plan Contrary to better regulation standards

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Reducing CO2 emanations – incorporated methodology An incorporated methodology Delivering greater part of new auto CO2 diminishments Influencing interest in a blended manner Sustainable creation Reducing blockage

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Unrealistic lead time (1) 2012 for coming to 130g/km for new auto armada is unlikely : Typical item cycle for an auto is ~6-7 years; advancement stage is ~5 years from idea definition until begin of generation Of new autos sold in 2012… Nearly 2/3 are as of now in execution or creation stage The remaining 1/3 are as of now in idea stage 

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Unrealistic lead time (2)

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The European car industry needs: Engagement of the buyers through a CO2 situated naming and duty strategy Fair and practical guidelines it can agree to, specifically: Level of pay installments that ought to be no higher than for different areas (the proposed level of punishment is proportionate to €475 per ton while the current CO2 cost available is €5 per ton !) Better compensate and consolation for “eco innovations”, for example, Energy-sparing auto lights, devices to customize motor and transmission administration, custom-made on-load up PCs and route frameworks …

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 The European automobile industry needs to keep up assorted qualities and moderateness of autos to clients. Much obliged to you

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How the United States Is Meeting the CO2 Challenge March 5, 2008 PRESENTATION BY Dave McCurdy President & CEO Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers

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Higher MPG, Lower CO 2 The noteworthy 2007 U.S. Vitality Bill will deliver sensational results by 2020: Raises mileage norms to 35 MPG, a 40% expansion; Reduces carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from cars by 30%; Avoids 206 million metric huge amounts of nursery gasses every year; Lowers oil utilization by 1.1 million barrels a day; Saves 18 billion gallons of gas for each year; and Requires 36 billion gallons of renewable energizes every year. 18

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Automakers Represent the First Industry to Make Dramatic CO 2 Reductions America needs a more CO 2 - proficient society, and another armada of CO 2 - productive automobiles will be commanding the commercial center. d deliver less CO 2 . By diminishing CO 2 by 30%, automakers will lead all commercial ventures in setting a reasonable way to meeting the late United Nations Bali Climate Change Summit’s objective of a half decrease in CO 2 outflows by 2050. 19

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A Multi-Sector Approach to Climate Change EFFECTIVE POLICY NEEDS TO: Foster more option fuel decisions, particularly all the more low-carbon, renewable energizes; Implement a forceful project to improve America’s powers foundation so our propelled innovation cars have the powers expected to power them; Empower the innovative work group to draw us nearer to innovation leaps forward like batteries for module half breeds and energy units; Encourage the U.S. venture group to animate financial interests in our future energizes and advances; Involve all levels of government. Shoppers Policy ought to urge buyers to save fuel and to consider buying one of the numerous fuel-effective automobiles marked down today. 20

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A compelling environmental change strategy must be based upon a multi-segment approach that includes all partners. A Multi-Sector Approach to Climate Change UTILITIES & MANUFACTURING CONSUMERS FUEL PROVIDERS AIRPLANES LOW-CARBON FUELS AUTOS BOATS TRAINS 21

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Japan’s Approach to CO 2 Reduction Yoshiyasu Nao President Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, Inc. 5 March 2008

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CO 2 outflows in Japan’s transport part are diminishing. In accordance with the Kyoto Protocol, the Japanese government planned an objective accomplishment arrangement which built up CO 2 lessening focuses for every real segment including the vehicle division. Since cresting in 2001, CO 2 emanations in Japan’s transport area have been on a descending pattern, dropping to 254 million tons in 2006. Through more prominent car fuel productivity, enhanced activity stream, the more extensive utilization of option vitality vehicles and different measures including the appropriation of eco-driving practices, the vehicle sector’s focus for 2010 is achievable. More prominent fuel proficiency 21.0 CO 2 Emission Volumes in Japan’s Transport Sector Other: 5.6 An expected 54.9 million tons of CO2 won\'t be transmitted (through more noteworthy fuel effectiveness: 21 million tons; through enhanced activity stream: 28.3 million tons; through more extensive utilization of option vitality vehicles and different measures : 5.6 million tons) with a specific end goal to meet Japan’s Kyoto Protocol-related transport-part target. Enhanced activity stream: 28.3 million tons 2010 Source: Ministry of Environment information Source: JAMA

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Achieving Greater Fuel Efficiency ★The normal fuel proficiency of new autos sold in Japan is expanding consistently, making a huge commitment to CO 2 lessening. ★Japan’s 2010 fuel productivity standard for traveler autos has as of now been met (and truth be told surpassed), as a consequence of concentrated endeavors and significant monetary venture by Japan’s automakers. ★Reducing CO 2 discharges in the vehicle area by 21 million tons through more noteworthy fuel effectiveness, according to Japan’s Kyoto Protocol Target Achievement Plan, is achievable. ★JAMA part organizations are currently buckling down towards consistence with Japan’s extremely stringent 2015 fuel effectiveness standard for traveler autos. Pattern in the Average Fuel-Efficiency Performance of Gasoline-Powered Passenger Cars 2015 fuel effectiveness target Average fuel proficiency for new autos sold in Japan came to 16.0 km/l in 2006, surpassing the 2010 focus of 15.1 km/l. Normal fuel effectiveness execution (new vehicles) Despite the accomplishments in fuel proficiency execution to date, meeting the 2015 target remains a noteworthy test.

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Improving Traffic Flow Improved activity stream adds to CO 2 enabling so as to lessen expanded vehicle speed, which thusly adds to more noteworthy car fuel productivity. CO 2 discharges Improved movement stream is accomplished through:  ○ Improvements to street framework  ○ Greater proficiency in products dissemination  ○ Wider use of ITS  ○ Use of cutting edge sign control frameworks Etc. CO 2 discharge levels Source: Japan Automobile Research Ins

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