Theory OF RELIGION.


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Skepticism. Theory of Religion. How is god/God to be imagined? ... Arrive any reasons, separated structure religious confidence itself, to put stock in the ...
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Rationality OF RELIGION

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The Existence of God Reason and Faith God\'s Attributes. Risk or Design? Cosmological Argument Ontological Argument. God: The Necessary Being? The Problem of Evil Agnosticism

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Philosophy of Religion How is god/God to be imagined? What is the way of God? Could reason build up that there is a divine being/God? Are there any reasons, separated structure religious confidence itself, to trust in the presence of God?

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Reason and Faith Reason: Human acumen capacities Our ability to frame convictions for good reasons, on the premise of proof: Empirical or Rational. Confidence: An arrangement of convictions in any event some of which are not bolstered by confirmation; confidence goes past accessible proof. Confidence is an endowment of God-extraordinary.

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Natural Theology The investigation of God, His ascribes and His connection to the world. Convictions are set up by reason working autonomously of any disclosure. Closed minded Theology A conviction that is obligatory for individuals from a specific religion

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Omnipotence: God is seen doctrinally as almighty. God can do anything. God made the world ex-nihilo ( from nothing) Omniscience: God is all-knowing. God just knows God knows inexplicably. God Knows in a route outside our ability to comprehend. Changelessness: constant God. Interminably: God exists at any snapshot of time. Omni altruism: God is all great. God\'s Divine Attributes

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THE TELEOLOGICAL ARGUMENT or CHANCE OR DESIGN? Contention: in its broadest sense it is a contention to bolster the theory that the universe is composed ; not as a matter of course the production of a mystical God. At the point when the Greeks talked about a vast architect they clearly had no clue about the God brought about by the Jewish, Christian and Muslim customs. In looking at the Design Argument, thusly, we have to partition it into two sections: firstly, the contention in backing of a \'Mystical God\' ; also, the contention in backing of an \'Inestimable Design\'

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The Design Argument to Support the Existence of a Theistic God  It is essential to know that under the expression "belief in higher powers" there exists a different scope of polytheistic and monotheistic convictions. Be that as it may, in this specific contention, as it was created in the eighteenth century, belief in a higher power was typically comprehended as a source of perspective to the "established" idea of God, as explained by Thomas Aquinas and most usually comprehended by the Catholic and Anglican conventions of the period. Quickly, God is seen as single, transcendent (all-intense), omniscient (all-knowing), and generous (all-great). This is additionally the conventional perspective for Jews and Muslims. 

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THE ARGUMENT : Premises: The purposive association of man-made article is proof of the insight and reason for the producer. The world contains numerous common articles (plants, creatures, human body, and so forth.) whose association is unmistakably purposive and the world itself is deliberately sorted out. Conclusion: By similarity, there must be a producer of the universe who has made it as needs be to a PLAN. The world producer/maker, is God. The contention was expounded by the Archdeacon of Carlisle William Paley (1743-1805) in his book Natural Theology. He requests that we envision strolling over a heath:

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\'assume I pitched my foot against a stone, and were asked how the stone came to be there, I may potentially reply, that, for anything I knew not opposite, it had lain there for ever; nor would it maybe be anything but difficult to demonstrate the silliness of this answer. However, assume I found a watch upon the ground, and it ought to be asked how the watch happened to be in that spot, I ought to scarcely think about the answer which I had before given, that, for anything I knew, the watch may have dependably been there. However why ought not this answer serve for the watch, and in addition for the stone?\'

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If you were to assess the watch all the more deliberately you would take note of that it has a few sections that work in a methodical, standard and exact way. Expecting you have never seen a watch you would even now construe that the watch has a reason for some kind and that it must, thusly, have had a creator. What Paley is doing here is utilizing the contention from an impact to its bring about : you take a gander at the impact (the watch), and after that figure out what brought about it (the Watchmaker). Be that as it may, what has this got the opportunity to do with the Universe? Paley additionally utilizes the contention from relationship : does not a characteristic article, as, for instance, the eye, likewise appear to be like the working of a watch? Indeed, when we take a gander at different parts of nature, would we be able to not reason that nature itself resemble an exceptionally complex machine? On the off chance that we are to induce that the watch has a watchmaker, then we should likewise infer that the universe has a Divine Maker! 

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Cause and Effect Argument: Adopting the empiricist approach: our insight into circumstances and end results depends on our experience. For instance, you realize that on the off chance that you cut yourself with a blade then you will drain and feel torment. Be that as it may, how do your know this? Whatever the wellspring of your insight, the truth of the matter is that you were not conceived with this reality, it is not inborn learning. You needed to learn it. Correlation Argument . In what manner would we be able to make sure that this world is so great? What number of universes have you seen? This world, in the event that it is made by a maker, could really be something of a \'messed up employment\' contrasted with different universes! However impeccable it might appear to us, we just have this world (and, now, a couple others we\'ve mostly investigated in this close planetary system) to go on. Contentions against the Teleological Proof of the Existence of a Theistic God

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The Problem of Evil raises a critical point: this issue is assaulting the contention of God\'s presence, as well as is scrutinizing the way of God as comprehend by customary Christianity at the time. On the off chance that we are to acknowledge the possibility of there being an \'Enormous Design\' then one may have a more grounded contention. Notwithstanding, thus, the idea of "God" may should be modified: God is not big-hearted . The way that there is detestable on the planet could be acknowledged if the Designer were not a kind one. God is not supreme . Maybe God\'s forces are constrained. It is conceivable to make something but then have restricted control over your creation, whether by decision or something else. Once more, you may envision making a PC world with manmade brainpower (AI). The Design Argument to bolster the Existence of a Cosmic Design

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Chaos Theory . Another critical exploratory hypothesis that may undermine the entire Design Argument is the conviction that the universe is not so much all that requested by any means! As quantum hypothesis grew early this century, it turned out to be clear that at the tiny level, physical procedures were vague; they were not unsurprising! In the course of recent years or so it has gotten to be clearer that the movement of numerous physical frameworks (counting planets) are not as standard as Newton had proposed. At the end of the day; nature is not as mechanical as the machines we make by any stretch of the imagination, and, along these lines, the similarity does not work! Such a hypothesis likewise loans backing to Hume\'s theory that there is no undeniable sense in which the universe takes after human creation. Indeed, it could be contended that human generation is "better" than the universe, which is the reason we feel the need to deliver things in any case! Contentions against the Teleological Proof of the Existence of a Cosmic Design

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Cosmological Argument The Cosmological Argument depends on 3 standards: 1. Something can\'t be the reason for itself. 2. Something can\'t be originated from nothing. 3. There can\'t be a vast arrangement of circumstances and end results. The Efficient Cause: (Aristotle) Efficient - Material - Formal - Final Sculptor/chiseling marble/wood-qualities the item

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Thomas Aquinas-Summa Theologica Question II. The Existence of God A1.Whether the presence of God, is undeniable? A2. Whether it can be shown that God exists? A3. Whether God Exists?

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Objection 1: It appears that God does not exist: God implies endless goodness. On the off chance that God existed there would be no detestable, however there is malicious accordingly God does not exists. Protest 2: Everything on the planet can be proficient by a couple of standards. The procedures of the world can be accounted by different standards. Characteristic things can be decreased to one guideline, that is the standard of nature. Every single deliberate thing can be diminished to one guideline: Human Reason and Will. There is no should be gathered the presence of GOD. Protests:

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Existence of God can be demonstrated in five routes: Argument from Motion Efficient Cause Possibility and Necessity Gradation to be found in things Governance of things.

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Argument from Motion Would not it be much less demanding to say that there is a starting? We should be observational: when we watch the world we see that everything has a cause: the downpour causes the plants to develop, the plants cause the creation of oxygen, oxygen causes creature life to exist, and so forth. Does not take after from this that the entire universe, as well, has a cause? Aristotle, dismissing Plato\' idea of the Forms, trusted that everything must have a proficient purpose; the productive cause was the "Unaffected Mover" Efficient Cause Aristotle was a noteworthy impact on Thomas Aquinas who built up the causal contention as a feature of his Christian convictions. Essentially, Aquinas expressed that if A causes B, and B causes C, then An is the principal cause, and C is the last cause. Yet, what happens if A does not happen? Neither B nor C will happen either. The causal chain must, along these lines, have a starting, and that starting is God.

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In Nature things that are conceivable are either, to be - they are made, or not to be, they are annihilated; it is outlandish for them to dependably exist, on the off chance that this is conceivable, then at one time there could have been nothing in presence. For something to exist, its presence starts by s

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