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This presentation … . Can be utilized by the general population, any school, bunch, if credit is given to FSU Planetarium. May be downloaded and replicated uninhibitedly. Is composed in Microsoft Power Point such a large number of working frameworks can see it. Advance by squeezing Enter or the Space Bar or Bolts
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Slide 1

This presentation …… Can be utilized by the general population, any school, gathering, if credit is given to FSU Planetarium. May be downloaded and replicated uninhibitedly. Is composed in Microsoft Power Point such a large number of working frameworks can see it. Advance by squeezing Enter or the Space Bar or Arrows If you see any requirement for revisions, please contact Dr. Doyle at rdoyle@frostburg.edu

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Frostburg State Planetarium presents Nov.- Jan. Sky Sights for Primary Grades & Beginners by Dr. Bounce Doyle Next Version: Early Febr.2010

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Big Topics Treated Horizon, Finding bearings, Sunrise/Sunset How Day Sky Works, Twilight AM & PM Moon essentials, Made of what? Woman in moon? Splendid focuses seen during the evening? Planets Nov.- Jan. Best Stars & Star Groups Seen Nov.- Jan. Indeed. 3 Built in Mini Quizzes with answers supplied Nov.- Jan. Moon Schedule, Planet Table, * Table Planetarium Public Shows for Nov., Dec. & Jan.

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Horizon & Directions When taking a gander at sky, we may see ½ of universe ! The Horizon is line in the middle of ground and sky. Skyline has 4 bearings – North, East, South & West. To learn, say N ever E at S alty W orms! North is course your shadow focuses in late morning. Sun rises every morning to one side of East (ESE) South is the place sun is most elevated in sky (at Noon) Sun sets every evening to one side of West (WSW)

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Why does Sun Rise & Set? For a huge number of years, people trusted that sun & sky articles moved about Earth consistently! In the 1500’s, Copernicus suggested that the Earth itself was moving, not the sky objects! Copernicus composed that the Earth was turning consistently and circling the sun consistently! It assumed control over a century until most were persuaded that Copernicus was right (because of Newton). The Earth turns so sun appears to rise and set.

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Let’s audit these thoughts What is the line between ground & sky? Is it Ground line? Skyline? Edge of sky? In what heading are shadows in noontime? Is it North? East? South? alternately West? Why does sun appear to rise and set? Since: Sun is moving? Earth is turning? Record your responses for these inquiries. Answers are: Horizon, North & Earth is turning

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How Day Sky Works Sun, our day star is bright to the point that it lights up air, making it shine blue on a sunny morning. As Earth turns, sun appears to ascend in morning Due to our turning, sun gradually moves right. Sun tops early afternoon( (12 twelve for standard time) Sun sets close heading West as we turn. To discover North, confront where sun goes down and broaden your right arm out, it focuses North.

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Twilight or Dusk? At the point when sun vanishes from our perspective, the air overhead is still ‘seeing’ sun and sparkling. As we dismiss more from sun, just thin, high air still lit & sky gets darker. This time is nightfall or sunset, keeps going 60 minutes. Amid sunset, brilliant planets, splendid stars show 1 st . By end of nightfall, effectively seen star gatherings seen. Pretty much as nightfall after dusk, first light before dawn.

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What about Moon? Our moon is a wad of rock that circles Earth. Moon ¼ as large as Earth; if Earth a normal globe (1 ft.wide), moon is a tennis ball. In the event that Earth is normal globe, moon is 30 ft.away As moon circles us, we see day & night sides In night sky, lit side ‘grows’ for 12 days Then moon is full, sparkling all through the night Then in morning sky, moon ‘shrinks’ for 12 days Moon appears to change shape, can’t see night side

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Just a tiny bit more about Moon The moon NOT a top dog ball! (Sorry!) Man/woman/rabbit at full moon by dull fields Dark fields of hard magma, great to land there Over 40 yrs. back, 1 st men strolled on moon Perhaps in 2020’s, more moon arrivals Current rockets can’t convey individuals, new rockets required, U.S., China or Russia to attempt

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Another survey of thoughts.. As you face dusk, what focuses North? Back of Head? Right arm (out)? Left ear? In the event that Earth 1 ft. wide, how far away is moon? Is it 10 feet? 30 feet? 100 feet? 300 feet? To what extent does moon ‘grow’ or ‘shrink’? Is it A week? Twelve days? A month? Record your responses to above 3 questions. Answers: Right arm (out), 30 feet, Dozen days

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Bright focuses we see during the evening? Indeed, even the closest planets show up as * (focuses) as we see them with our eyes; for even these articles extremely far away (if moon dist.=1, Venus dist.= 100) To tell a planet from a star, throughout the night stars twinkle and planets typically sparkle consistent. Likewise satellites (particularly Space Station) sparkle relentlessly as drag eastbound crosswise over sky Night stars are far off suns, super far away contrasted with our planet neighbors. In the event that Earth penny size, moon 22” away, sun 730 ft. away (6.3 ft. wide), closest star is 37,000 mi.away

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Easy Nov.- Jan. Planets Evenings, Jupiter splendid enduring point Moon close Jupiter 11/23, 12/21 & 1/17/10 First number is month number/2 nd is date Venus seen low in eastern day break in Nov.only Moon close Venus 11/15, late Nov, Venus gone Mars late night sky in East in Nov., seen prior every week, well seen by 9 pm in Dec., seen as it gets dim in late January, when brightest

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Easy Nov.- Jan.Stars & Groups Big Dipper low in N, gradually enhances Rightmost Dipper * point to North Star. Cassiopeia, high in N, takes after a “M” NE Bright brilliant star Capella & 7 Sisters Late Nov. indeed. see Orion with 3 star belt in E Orion better Dec., see as tilted hour glass On Jan. indeed., Orion’s belt directs left toward Sirius, the night’s brightest star that’s close (9 lt.yrs.)

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Big Dipper, N. Star as Year finishes

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Summer Triangle late in year Altair, Deneb & Vega

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Cassiopeia, Capella & 7 Sisters

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Orion/Sirius late even.Dec.& Jan.

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Let’s audit once more… How to tell a planet from a star? Planet constantly brighter Planet sparkles consistent Brightest Evening , Brightest Midnight planet? (Mars PM, Jupiter M) (Jupiter PM, Mars M) Which some piece of Big Dipper focuses to N.Star? End of Scoop or Arch of Dipper’s Handle Write down your Answers: Pl. enduring, Jup. PM, Mars M, Scoop

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Frequently made inquiries What are falling stars? (Otherwise known as falling stars) Nearly all are pea scrutinized space coarseness blazing in our upper air. Just clean left. Could the planets line up like globules on string? No, circles are tilted yet regardless of the fact that they could, force is to a great degree powerless, contrasted with moon. What keeps stars, planets coasting in sky? There’s no up/down in space. Earth coasts as well!

Slide 21

Nov.- Jan. Moon Schedule Early Nov: much even. moonlight, full 11/2 Mid Nov.: Dawn sky moon, close Venus 11/15 Late Nov.: Growing even. Moon & Jupiter Early Dec.: Full on first Late Dec: Growing even. Moon & Jupiter and a 2 nd full moon on Dec.31 st (called a Blue Moon) Early Jan.: After couple of days, Moon into morn. sky Mid Jan.: Moon comes back to western nightfall, seen close Jupiter Jan.17, ½ full on Jan.22 & full on Jan.29

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Nov.- Jan. Splendid Planet Table Nov: Jupiter SW Dusk, Mars E. late even. Venus low in SE Dawn, Saturn higher Dec: Jupiter low in SW, Mars low in E in mid night (9 pm), Mercury seen low in W sunset from mid Dec. & next 12 days Jan: Jupiter even lower W nightfall, Mars E as it gets dull, Saturn rises late pm, day break best

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Bright Nov.- Jan.*’s & Groups Nov. & Dec. much: Summer Triangle low in W Nov.- Jan. indeed: Cassiopeia high in North Nov.- Jan. indeed: Capella & 7 Sisters effectively seen Dec. & Jan. indeed: Orion (3 star belt), Sirius underneath Nov.- Jan Dawn Skies highlight spring night stars

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FSU Planetarium Shows (free) Tawes 302 Sundays, 4 pm ,7 pm “Telescopic Sky Exploring” Nov. 1, 8, 15, 29 “Christmas & Seasonal Feasts” Dec. 6, 13, 20 “Our Glorious Atmosphere” Jan. 10, 17, 24,31 Different Program (last 45 min.) every month Tawes Hall close FSU Clock Tower, Lane Center With helpful free stopping, hand. access Limited free writing: Monthly sky map, bookmark/plan, beginner’s manual for universe Late comers not conceded, come 10 min.early

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Send any extra inquiries to…. Weave Doyle email rdoyle@frostburg.edu Be certain that inquiries include fundamentals about sky, moon, planets and stars For inquiries regarding 2012, Sun out of request, crashes – visit Planetarium, converse with Dr. Doyle Sunday projects are free on Sundays at 4 p.m.and 7 p.m. beginning Sept.6, change month to month at FSU Call (301) 687-7799 demand free planetarium bookmark, guide, calendar be sent to you through mail

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Other ways FSU Planetarium serves the Tri-State range Friday Starlab sessions Allegany Cty. Schools Special FSU Planetarium programs for Tri-State schools – free, call (301) 687-7799 and leave message of craved date & time Free Special projects organized extraordinary gatherings, clubs, scouts, and so on – call above # Dr. D

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