Topical Review: Colonial Era to 1800 .


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Political (Colonial Era
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Topical Review: Colonial Era to 1800

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Political (Colonial Era –1763) European Renaissance The Reformation Quest for Empire Spanish French British Dutch Chesapeake Colonies Great PuritanMigration

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Political (Colonial Era –1763) Colonial governments How law based? How creative? Establishing archives? New England Confederation (1643-1654) English Civil War Proprietary and Restoration Colonies Salutary Neglect Trend towards centralization of Empire Dominion of New England Obstacles in America Glorious Revolution in America Georgia – support state

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Economic (Colonial Era –1763) Mercantilism Expectations Impact Navigation Acts Tobacco Culture of Chesapeake Headright framework Indentured subjugation/bondage Economic differing qualities of New England Cereal grain and domesticated animals in Middle Colonies

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Social/Cultural (Colonial Era –1763) Regional refinements and similitudes Environment = economy and wellbeing (geographic determinism) Religious foundations (social transference) Democratic/respectful Maryland Act of Religious Toleration (1649) Religious declension – Halfway Covenant (1662) Ethnic differences Enlightenment Great Awakening

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Military/Diplomatic (Colonial Era –1763) Spanish Armada (1588) Imperial Wars/North American Wars King William\'s War (1689-1697) Queen Anne\'s War (1702-1713) King George\'s War (1739-1748) Indian Wars Powhatan Massacre (1622) (347, 1/3 rd pass on) (1644) Pequot War (1637) King Philip\'s War (1675-1676) (1 in 20 bite the dust) French and Indian War/Albany Plan of Union

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Puritanism John Calvin/Calvinism as motivation Doctrines Reasons for Migration Goals of Puritans Great Migration Values Demise Great Awakening Revivalism/Itinerant Ministry Impact Successful?

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The Enlightenment Foundations in Scientific Revolution Descartes and Reason Intellectual underpinnings Intellectual flexibility Locke and the "clean slate" Natural law Deism Impact on America

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Objective Analysis of Colonial Relationship to England Prior to 1763 Desire to unify Empire Governors Proprietary Colonies Trend to Royal Status by 1770s Dominion of New England (1686-1689) Board of Trade and Plantations (Privy Council) Mercantilism Failure to incorporate (Salutary Neglect) Distance Global Nature Problems at home and abroad (Wars for Empire/English Civil War/Glorious Revolution) Frontier/provincial conditions and outside workers in America

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Objective Analysis of Colonial Relationship to England II. By 1750 Colonists developing politically, financially, and socially/socially Representative gatherings 2 million individuals Identity/solidarity? Generally speaking, Colonists still content with English Empire Some hatred toward menial citizenship Some disdain of obligation to British brokers

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Objective Analysis of Colonial Relationship to England French and Indian War expands pressures British concerns American concerns 1763 British hope to implement mercantilism British hope to concentrate domain British hope to bring income up in America Americans oppose British desires Reasons Methods Colonial Unity

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Objective Analysis of Colonial Relationship to England British Reaction Parliamentary amazingness Repeal of Stamp Act Repeal of Townshend Acts (aside from Tea) Punishment of Massachusetts Rebellion is outcome of disappointment on a portion of pilgrims to acquire wanted change and on Britain\'s inability to acknowledge federalism and reality Lexington and Concord Second Continental Congress and Declaration of Independence

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Colonial Expansion Positives West speaks to experience, opportunity and flexibility Land is rich – land=liberty/social versatility Religious dissidents discover resistance and nonattendance of chapel expert Hard work (independence and confidence key to achievement) Result: America is more tolerant, law based, and portable

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Colonial Expansion Negatives Poor transportation and correspondence Life is hard, conditions are primitive Indian danger French threats Speculators East/West strain over representation, arrive arrangement, charges, insurance (Bacon, Leisler, Regulators, Paxton Boys) Result: solidarity is troublesome

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Colonial Expansion British close wilderness in 1763 Treaty of Paris British thought process American response During Revolution Western tribes battle with Britain Treaty of 1783 fixes fringe at Mississippi Confederation Era Western land strategy significant achievement of Articles Land Ordinance of 1785 Northwest Ordinance of 1787

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Colonial Expansion Western states start enabling more white guys Shays\' Rebellion indicates East/West pressures not settled Government under Articles can\'t: Force British out of posts (support Indian dangers) Get spain to sign bargain permitting access to Mississippi River or right of store at New Orleans New Constitution makes all the more intense central government Pinckney Treaty, 1795 Whiskey Rebellion, 1794

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Democracy in America 1750-1776 How law based were the provinces? Law based Distance from England takes into consideration self-rule and neighborhood control New England town corridor gatherings Colonial congregations American environment took into consideration more versatility and majority rules system Americans more tolerant Impact of Great Awakening Impact of the Enlightenment American Revolution

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Democracy in America 1750-1776 How law based were the provinces? Not extremely fair Patriarchy Slavery Poor are disfranchised Deference, particularly in South less equitable (ex. North Carolina)

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Topical Review: 1763-1800

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Political (1763-1800) Political desires of motherland/British arrangement of government Political intentions in Revolution Writs/protection Admiralty courts/jury Denial of ideal to impose without representation Sugar, Stamp, Townshend, Tea Republicanism/self government

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Political (1763-1800) Methods of American Resistance Written letters, handouts, articles, resolutions Threats, terrorizing, viciousness Organizations Sons/Daughters of Liberty; Stamp Act Congress;Continental Association; Committees of Correspondence; First and Second Continental Congresses Boycott Galloway arrange/Olive Branch Petition Declaration of Independence Creation of state/national governments Process; likenesses; radical/preservationist triumphs

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Political (1763-1800) Government strategy supports westbound extension Shays\' Rebellion=sign Federalist Era Establishment of new government/points of reference; Bill of Rights; Rise of Political gatherings; Whiskey Rebellion; Alien and Sedition Acts; Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions Rise of the two-party framework (since household and remote approach issues) Judiciary Act 1789 Washington\'s Farewell Address Demise of the Federalists Revolution of 1800

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Economic (1763-1800) Economic thought processes of homeland Economic thought processes in Revolution Economic issues amid Confederation Era Shays\' Rebellion; obligation; interstate contentions Class/financial/geographic divisions amongst federalists and hostile to federalists Economic Interpretation of the Constitution – Beard Hamilton\'s Program – Four fundamental parts/restriction reaction Whiskey Rebellion Cotton Gin

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Social/Cultural (1763-1800) How progressive was the Revolution? Blacks; ladies; regular men How joined together/how American? Writing amid period Deism Meritocracy/regular privileged

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The Constitution of 1787 Reasons for: No requirement Weak congress and military Inability to correct Debt/state competition Who went to Philadelphia Conservatives; patriots; American pioneers; affluent/world class The Debate: Virginia Plan versus New Jersey Plan = Connecticut Plan/Great Compromise/Roger Sherman

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The Constitution of 1787 The Document Powers designated Powers precluded states Federalism Separation from claiming Powers Checks and Balances Republican government/uprightness of individuals Ratification discusses Federalists versus Against federalists The Federalist Papers Bill of Rights

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Democracy in America 1760s-1800 Does the Revolutionary Era significantly change America? (How "progressive" or "radical"?) Democracy as sympathy toward individual, common rights and self-government Yes Radical loyalists need more vote based system at home and home administer State constitutions reflect dread of incorporated expert Lower property necessities for voting (ex. Mass) Increased religious flexibility Enlarge and engage bring down branch of lawmaking body

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Democracy in America 1760s-1800 Appoint or choose more unassuming upper house (no blood ties; regular nobility) Weaken officials (or dispose of!) Lower or cancel primogeniture and involve Make titles illicit Expand government funded instruction (esp. in NE) Include bills of rights Women vote in New Jersey Northern cancelation of bondage; southern manumission Radicals set up frail focal government – need nearby control, doubt far off expert Articles No official or courts; No expense or direction of business; Weak congress; Weak military; Article II States are engaged

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Democracy in America 1760s-1800 No – America not more popularity based after 1776 Radicals make no legitimate arrangements for ladies, free blacks, or slaves No mitigation of East/West strain Counterrevolution? of 1787 checks radical transformation of 1776 (Beard) Stronger national government Check of horde majority rules system; secure interests of world class But, all longing republican government; temperance/more confidence exists in the general population Democratic approval prepare Bill of Rights "Insurgency" of 1800

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Impact of Revolutionary America on Minorities (1750-1800) Women Expanded part on wilderness Ratio in South still reflects sexual orientation unevenness Legal code favors men wherever No vote; no property proprietorship once wedded Model customary part in more settled zones "Republican Motherhood" (white, center/high society) Overall: more decisions; a larger number of choices than English ladies Remember Abigail Adams; Judith Sargent Murray .:tslidese

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