Topography Contemplates Spaces and Conduct.

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... discusses about the part of government, ordinarily termed open arrangement or law, ... Nine US States File Suit Challenging Federal Mercury Emissions Rules, Say Policy ...
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Geology Studies Spaces and Behavior How social orders arrange space and conduct How substances use area to deliver products and give administrations and in this way make scenes The scene includes the unmistakable confirmation of human exercises did under the "rule of law "

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Minnesota is one sort of space at the same time contained in different spaces containing different spaces

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Our human scene is our unwitting collection of memoirs, mirroring our tastes, or desires, and even our fears, in substantial, obvious form.... All our social warts and flaws are there, and our glories as well; yet most importantly, our standard everyday qualities are displayed for anyone who needs to discover them and knows what to look like for them (Peirce Lewis "Axioms for perusing the scene, a few Guides to the American Scene" in Donald Meinig (ed) Interpretations of Ordinary Landscapes (New York, Oxford University Press, 1979 12)

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The Nature of Government The Nature of Public Policy The Nature of Law

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Public Policy The result of various open deliberations about the part of government, ordinarily named open approach or law, incited by the requests of people, partnerships, and governments - normally about merchandise and administrations faces off regarding include governments, enterprises, and people The reaction of those same people, enterprises, and governments to such open strategy

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Public Policy Operationalized Public arrangement sorts out conduct through a framework of  motivating forces (carrots) and punishments (huge sticks) that constrains people, associations, and governments to behave  specifically ways Defines, advances, secures, and authorizes worthy conduct Defines, advances, ensures, and upholds unsuitable conduct Thus makes certain conduct more alluring/reasonable/gainful than another Public arrangement gives a connection to people, partnerships, and governments settling on choices about their conduct – for instance how to utilize land Public approach/Law composes space over which certain elements have ward and the conduct of the individuals who live and "work together" in that space

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Federalism The way people, association and governments work, under "the tenet of law" Incessant verbal confrontation about the duties and parts of the elected and state governments Incessant civil argument about the power and part of the different branches of elected and state governments Incessant level headed discussion about what merchandise ought to be delivered and what administrations ought to be given Incessant open deliberation about how to deliver merchandise and how to give administrations We "wade through" – the result of the open deliberation has shifted transiently and spatially Executive Order 13132 Federalism (Federal Register August 10, 1999)

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There are a few "layers" of government A government 50 state governments 87,453 units of nearby government 39,044 are universally useful neighborhood governments 3,043 province governments 36,001 subcounty universally useful governments - regions, towns(hips) 48,409 are extraordinary reason nearby governments 13,726 school area governments 34,683 uncommon region governments

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Public Policy Structure – a 3-legged Stool The assembly characterizes and builds up expansive social objectives, diagrams what conduct is expected to accomplish those objectives, delegates power important to change conduct, appropriates income The official makes (declares) decides that are intended to actualize enactment and change conduct The legal analyzes claims by people, associations, even governments, that particular enactment or particular direction disregards their sacred rights and cause some mischief

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Public Policy in Minnesota The lawmaking body sanctions enactment, statutes, acts that characterize and set up wide social objectives layout what conduct adjustments are expected to accomplish those objectives delegate power important to control conduct – frequently change conduct proper income In understanding with the Minnesota Constitution The Executive offices make an interpretation of enactment into guidelines of conduct Department of Natural Resources Department of Agriculture Pollution Control Agency Public Utilities Commission

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Public Policy in Minnesota The Minnesota state courts and the elected region court of Minnesota inspect claims by people, associations, even governments, that particular enactment or particular direction abuses their state or elected established rights and cause some damage that requires remuneration

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State Policy on Mercury Contamination Minnesota Statutes 116.915 Minnesota Rules Minnesota Pollution Control Agency Minnesota Department of Health Corporations: Taconite organizations, Xcel Energy Minnesota Chamber of Commerce Lobbyists: Minnesota Center for Environmental Advocacy Minnesota Public Interest Research Group , Izaak Walton League, Fresh Energy Individuals State\'s mercury enactment and direction Status of mercury item enactment Federal Actions Management of Rechargeable Batteries Legislation Environmental Protection Agency – mercury Nine US States File Suit Challenging Federal Mercury Emissions Rules, Say Policy Does Not Protect Fetuses, Children

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Minnesota Policy on Smoking Tobacco Control Archives (University of California San Francisco) Minnesota\'s Tobacco Settlement 1998 (Google)

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Minnesota Policy on Asbestos Contamination Mesothelioma (Wikipedia) Minnesota Statues & Rules (MDH) Asbestos (Environmental Protection Agency) Asbestos (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) Chrysotile Institute

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The Paradigm of Public Policy/Law Public Policy/Law contains Statutory law Administrative law Case law Created by elected and state governments acting under power characterized, fairly defectively, in a constitution Federal Constitution (GPO) Minnesota Constitution (MHS)

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Debate about Governments: Federal v State Nation versus State Government (Ben\'s Guide to Government) Unfunded orders (General Accountability Office) Jurisdiction (The Constitution Society)

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Pragmatically Individuals, association and governments work in light of open strategy/law made by elected and state governments acting under power characterized, to some degree incompletely, in a constitution

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Multiplicity of Sources of Law Statutory law (enactment, statute, act) sanctioned by the lawmaking body Administrative law (control, principle) proclaimed by the official offices Case law (sentiment, choice, administering) issued by a court (judge) Federal, state, and nearby governments Chronological Publications Legislatures orders statutes on assortment of subjects in an authoritative session Regulatory offices declare rules on an assortment of subjects Courts consider cases including an assortment of subjects

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Finding helps - subject access Official - distributed by the administration writers of the material Unofficial - distributed by a business distributer, typically contains the official material in addition to extra remarks

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Balancing Act Constant Change Federal and state assemblies establish roughly 15,000 statutes/year Unknown number of nearby government mandates Unknown number of principles - elected, states, nearby governments Federal and state courts issue around 55,000 assessments/year - evaluated 3 million conclusions still "good law" Desire to keep up sureness and soundness - implies by which society is requested and the fitting conduct of its individuals characterized, advanced, and upheld Need for adaptability in controlling a wide range of human exercises

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Public Policy Structure – a 3-legged Stool Legislative Branch e nacts enactment, statutes, acts (laws) characterizes and sets up wide social objectives plots what conduct alterations are expected to accomplish those objectives delegates power important to change conduct appropriates income Executive Branch makes (declares) rules, directions that are intended to execute enactment and change conduct Judicial Branch analyzes claims by people, associations, even governments, that particular enactment or particular control abuses their established rights Cause some damage Ask for a cure

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The part of the central government The force given the central government in the elected constitution The force accepted by the national government and not denied by the Supreme Court Constant civil argument between the different branches of government about their separate parts and obligations Constant civil argument between the elected and state governments about their separate parts and obligations

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The US Government Manual (National Archives) Ben\'s Guide to the US Government (GPO) The Federal Government ( GPO Access Government Web Resources (Library of Congress) FedStats University of Minnesota Government Publications University of Minnesota Law Library Federal Resources (FindLaw) LexisNexis Congressional LexisNexis Academic Basic References

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Legislative Law

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Structure of the Legislative Branch Senate House of Representatives Legislative Agencies & Commissions Library of Congress Congressional Research Service (University of Oregon) Congressional Research Service Reports ( National Council for Science & the Environment) Legislative Sourcebook (Law Librarians Society of Washington) General Accountability Office Government Printing Office Congressional Budget Office

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Senate House Congressional Committees

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Specific sorts of archives are created at every phase of the administrative procedure Introduced bills Congressional Record Committee Hearings Committee Prints Committee Reports Congress

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