Transportation and Dispersion in the New York Metropolitan Region.

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Transportation and Distribution in the New York Metropolitan Area Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue Dept. of Economics & Geography Hofstra University Hempstead, NY

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Outline Basic recorded contemplations Transport setting and profile Main open transport offices Congestion Challenges in cargo circulation

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Basic Historical Considerations Initial area Port site. Hinterland access (Hudson). Channel time Erie Canal (1825) extended the port\'s hinterland. By 1850, the prevailing seaport of the Eastern Seaboard. Rail Emergence as a rail center point in the late 19 th century. Industrialization. Thruway/air Regionalization: BostWash Globalization. Area Canals Rail Highway/air

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Transport in New York: Context Transport capital: New York/New Jersey Population of 21.2 million (7.5% of the national populace). 2 nd biggest travelers and airship cargo passage on the planet. 3 rd biggest compartment port in the US. Biggest open travel framework in North America. The door work Large worldwide terminals (port and air terminals). Serves the Eastern Seaboard. Nearby economy Significant deindustrialization. Administration situated. Abnormal state of utilization.

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Modal Split for Some Cities, 1990

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Mean Travel Time to Work for Selected American Cities (in minutes), 1980-1990

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Trips by Public Transport in the United States, 1980-2001

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Largest Subway Systems in the World by Annual Ridership and Metropolitan Population, 2000

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Mode Share for Commuting, New York, 1980-2000

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Passengers took care of at New York\'s Major Airports, 1989-2002

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Main Public Transport Agencies in New York PANYNJ (Port Authority of New York & New Jersey) Founded in 1921 to address jurisdictional issues. New York harbor and the lower Hudson River are the limit between the conditions of New York and New Jersey. MTA (Metropolitan Transport Authority) Founded in 1965 to give one thorough power to oversee New York\'s open transport framework. Yearly spending plan of 7.5 billion. Handles 7.7 million travelers for each day.

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Sectors of Activity of the PANYNJ

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Sectors of Activity of the MTA

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Congestion in New York Factors particular to the locale Geographical elements: Major bottlenecks: spans over the Hudson and East River. Manhattan; a constrained get to high thickness island. Long Island; a "deadlock" with 6 million occupants. Early suburbanization: High thickness single family homes with little parcels. Before the improvement of the Interstate framework and the blast in mechanization. Thruways of lesser limit or not intended to handle substantial movement. Little if any space for extra limit. Riches and area values: Consumption impact. Sprawl (fixity of existing proprietorship).

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Congestion in New York Electronic toll framework "Clog estimating" has been connected since the development of trans-Hudson scaffolds and passages. Known as "Ez-Pass". Executed somewhere around 1993 and 1997. A reaction to generous postponements at toll corners: More exchanges every hour. Every vehicle has an electronic label connected to a record. Vehicle should back off to 15 mph (25 km/h) at instrument. For extensions getting to NYC, tolls are gathered in one heading just (inbound). 1.5 million vehicles for each day. Usage of quick entryways (50 mph) beginning from 2004.

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Toll Bridges and Roads, New York Metropolitan Area (1000s of vehicles for each day) Hudson River Long Island Sound GWB 300 New Jersey TNB Bronx 110 100 LT 100 Manhattan WSB Garden State Parkway TBB 125 80 100 QMT Long Island HT Queens 60 BBT 20 75 BYB CBB Brooklyn GTB 210 NJ Turnpike VZB 20 Staten Island MPB Lower New York Bay 75 Raritan Bay OCB

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Daily Vehicle Traffic, 1998 Traffic for every Day < 30,000 – 50,000 – 100,000 – 175,000 > 175,000

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Volume to Capacity Ratio, 1998 VCR < 0.3 – 0.5 – 1.0 – 1.5 > 1.5

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Challenges of Urban Freight Distribution offices Migrating to more moderate areas in the outskirts. Development in tons-km. Rivalry between travelers (workers) and cargo movement. Urban supply anchors Difficulties to keep up without a moment to spare and auspicious supply. High appropriation costs. Adjustment of modes and conveyance times.

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Truck Freight Corridors New York New Jersey TZB Connecticut GWB Bronx TBB TNB LT WSB Manhattan LGA Long Island HT Queens EWR GTB BYB Brooklyn JFK VZB Staten Island Major Crossing OCB About 70 million trucks intersections for every year

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Rail Freight Corridors and Port Facilities New York New Jersey Bronx Manhattan NJ Distribution Cluster Long Island Queens Brooklyn Staten Island Port Terminal Intermodal Terminal

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Distribution of General Cargo Operations, Port of New York, 1959, 1987 and 2000

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Container Traffic Handled by the Port of New York, 1991-2003

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Intermodal Facilities and Navigation Channels of the Port of New York, 2003 Albers Equal-Area Conic Projection East River 40 45 Hudson River 1-Port Newark 2-Port Elizabeth 3-Global Marine 43 Newark Bay Channel 40 Red Hook 40 1 3 Upper Bay Channel South Brooklyn 2 45 Brooklyn 45 Daily Truck Movements (one way), 2001 37 Kill Van Kull Channel Howland Hook New Jersey 45 37 Arthur Kill Channel The Narrows Staten Island Navigation Channel Ambrose Channel 45 30 Control Depth (feet) Main Ship Channel N Intermodal Terminal 37 Arthur Kill Channel 37 Container Port (proposed) Raritan Bay Channel Major Highway Proposed rail burrow

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Freight took care of at New York\'s Major Airports, 1985-2002 (in short tons)

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Port Inland Distribution Network Albany Syracuse Boston Hartford/Springfield Worcester/Framingham Davisville New Haven Bridgeport Potential Regional Barge Port New York Reading LO/LO Barge Service Philadelphia Inland Rail Terminal New York Metropolitan Area Wilmington Inland Rail Route Hanover Camden Volume to Capacity LOS Salem Potential Freight Catchment Area 0 – 0.30 (A) 0.31 – 0.50 (B) 0.51 – 0.71 (C) 0.72 – 0.89 (D) 0.90 – 1.15 (E) > 1.15 (F) Baltimore Freight Cluster Washington

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