Turning points in the Automobile Business?.

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Virtuoso of Henry Ford creation of the sequential construction system gave the gas vehicle lock-in on car advertise that it has held for near 100 years; ...
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Breakthroughs in the Auto Industry? At the beginning of the car business in late nineteenth century Electric Vehicles had a vast piece of the pie – contending with gas and steam controlled vehicles Genius of Henry Ford – creation of the mechanical production system gave the gas vehicle lock-in on car advertise that it has held for near 100 years; In late 1970\'s/mid 80s (after first oil ban) Japanese automobile industry presented little, high-productivity vehicles – expanding piece of the overall industry in N. America; From 2005 – 2008 seen new renaissance of Electric Vehicles – main 20 OEM auto organizations plan to dispatch some sort of Electric Vehicle in next 1-3 yrs 40 start-up EV organizations in N. America & Europe In China - 500 organizations required in e-versatility

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Batteries gathered from slim layers of cathode, anode and separator material with gel electrolyte

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Battery Developments Lithium is favored science – 5 times vitality thickness at one fourth of the heaviness of lead corrosive Issues are vitality thickness (driving range) and power thickness (speeding up) Concerns are cost – target $0.50/W Safety – some lithium batteries had security issues – new sciences tackled this issue Perform – date-book life and cycle life

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Smart Electric Car – Electrovaya Shows the extent of the engine/powertrain and lithium polymer battery pack

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iMiEV driven 858 km – devours 85 kWh – cost Y1,713 - = $16.94 ICE vehicle – gas cost Y12,956 = $121.34

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Project Better Place Uses new idea – auto as a transportation administration – taking into account phone plan of action; · Pure battery electric vehicle created by Renault Nissan · Infrastructure of cha r ging stations – fueled by renewable vitality/sunlight based/wind ? · Battery trade stations · Software to control the charging/trade proces s Israel, Denmark, Portugal, Ireland, Australia joined plu s a few urban communities

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Project Better Place

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Need to break oil reliance We need to get off oil – the zap of the car is unavoidable - Bob Lutz, GM Vice President \'Fossil fills will confront expanding rivalry from renewable vitality – eventually we may leave oil in the ground – like coal - Lord Brown Chairman Shell UK

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Price at the gas pump principle driver for electric vehicles? $4/gallon in North America yet $8 - $12 in Europe – in spite of hypothesis bringing about swings, general pattern is up

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Expect rivalry from conventional car industry Shift to littler, more fuel-effective vehicles - Tata Nano – 620 cc back petrol motor - retails for $2,500 – 20km/l – meets Euro IV norms Shift to diesel, direct infusion, flash ignition Demands from creating markets, China, India – 1 –10M vehicles/year

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30 mile range – keeps running on water + biomass – end of life can reuse into evolved way of life

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Feature of EVs is the low working expense – even the UK Electric Lightning – www.lightningcarcompany.co.uk The drumbeat of electrical transportation is quickening like nothing I\'ve ever found in my life – Andy Grove, ex CEO Intel

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