UNICEF Global Study of Child Poverty Disparities Measuring Child Poverty for Policy Purposes Shailen Nandy School for .

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Part of Bristol in Global StudyDefinitions of povertyResults from 2003 studyResults for chose CIS/CEE statesIssues specific to CIS/CEE area. Part of University of Bristol in Global StudyAssist nation workplaces with investigation of MICS/DHS dataProvision of specific tables in the measurable layout in study guideContact points:Professor David Gordon Dave.Gordon@bristol.ac.ukMr Shailen NandyS.Nan
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UNICEF Global Study of Child Poverty & Disparities Measuring Child Poverty for Policy Purposes Shailen Nandy School for Policy Studies University of Bristol United Kingdom www.bristol.ac.uk/destitution CEE/CIS Regional Social Policy Workshop Tashkent, Uzbekistan, 2 nd – 4 th April 2008

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Role of Bristol in Global Study Definitions of neediness Results from 2003 review Results for chose CIS/CEE states Issues specific to CIS/CEE district

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Role of University of Bristol in Global Study Assist nation workplaces with investigation of MICS/DHS information Provision of specific tables in the factual layout in study control Contact focuses: Professor David Gordon Dave.Gordon@bristol.ac.uk Mr Shailen Nandy S.Nandy@bristol.ac.uk Visit site of the Townsend Center for International Poverty Research: www.bristol.ac.uk/destitution

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Defining Child Poverty for Policy Purposes

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Absolute Poverty After the World Summit on Social Development in Copenhagen in 1995, 117 nations received a revelation and program of activity which included responsibilities to kill "outright" and lessen "generally speaking" destitution. Total neediness was characterized as "a condition described by serious hardship of fundamental human needs, including nourishment, safe drinking water, sanitation offices, wellbeing, haven, training and data. It depends on pay as well as on access to services." (UN, 1995)

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Official Definition of Poverty of the World Bank, IMF, UNDP and all other UN Organizations " Fundamentally, neediness is a foreswearing of decisions and openings, an infringement of human respect. It implies absence of fundamental ability to take an interest successfully in the public arena. It implies not having enough to nourish and dress a family, not having a school or facility to go to, not having the arrive on which to develop one\'s sustenance or an occupation to win one\'s living, not having admittance to credit. It implies frailty, feebleness and prohibition of people, family units and groups. It implies weakness to savagery, and it regularly infers living on minor or delicate situations, without access to clean water or sanitation" (UN 1998)

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UN General Assembly Definition of Child Poverty, 10 th January 2007 "Kids living in neediness are denied of sustenance, water and sanitation offices, access to essential medicinal services administrations, shield, training, cooperation and assurance, and that while a serious absence of products and enterprises harms each person, it is most debilitating and destructive to kids, abandoning them not able to make the most of their rights, to achieve their maximum capacity and to take an interest as full individuals from the general public"

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Measuring Absolute Child Poverty The Bristol Approach

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Deprivation can be conceptualized as a continuum which ranges from no hardship through mellow, direct and serious hardship to outrageous hardship . Continuum of hardship so as to gauge supreme destitution among kids, it is important to characterize the edge measures of extreme hardship of essential human requirement for: nourishment safe drinking water sanitation offices wellbeing cover instruction data access to administrations

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Operational Definitions of Severe Deprivation of Basic Human Need for Children Severe Food Deprivation– seriously malnourished youngsters whose most elevated and weights were more than 3 Standard Deviations underneath the middle of the worldwide reference populace e.g. serious anthropometric disappointment. Serious Water Deprivation - youngsters who just had entry to surface water (e.g. waterways) for drinking or who lived in families where the closest wellspring of water was over 30 minutes round trek away (e.g. markers of serious hardship of water quality or amount). Serious Deprivation of Sanitation Facilities – youngsters who had no entrance to a can of any sort in the region of their home, e.g. no private or collective toilets or restrooms. Extreme Health Deprivation – kids who had not been vaccinated against any maladies or youthful youngsters who had a current ailment and had not gotten any restorative guidance or treatment. Serious Shelter Deprivation – youngsters in abodes with at least five individuals for every room (extreme congestion) or with no deck material (e.g. a mud floor). Serious Education Deprivation – youngsters matured in the vicinity of 7 and 18 who had never been to class and were not at present going to class (e.g. no expert instruction of any sort). Extreme Information Deprivation – kids matured in the vicinity of 3 and 18 with no entrance to daily papers, radio or TV or PCs or telephones at home. Serious Deprivation of Access to Basic Services – youngsters living 20 kilometers or more from a school or 50 kilometers or more from any medicinal office with specialists. Shockingly, this sort of data was accessible for a couple of nations so it has not been conceivable to build exact local assessments of serious hardship of access to fundamental administrations.

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Definitions for \'less extreme\' hardship of fundamental needs 1. Protect - less serious: Children living in abodes with at least 4 individuals for each room or living in a house with no ground surface (i.e. a mud floor) or deficient material. 2. Sanitation offices - less serious: Children utilizing unchanged sanitation offices. Unchanged sanitation offices are: pour flush lavatories; secured pit toilets; open pit restrooms; and cans. 3. Safe drinking water - less extreme: Children utilizing water from an unchanged source, for example, open wells, open springs or surface water or who it takes 30 minutes or longer to gather water (stroll to the water, gather it and return). 4. Data - less serious: Children (matured 3-17 years) and grown-ups with no entrance to a radio or TV (i.e. communicate media). 5. Sustenance - less serious: Children who are more than two standard deviations underneath the worldwide reference populace for hindering (tallness for age) or squandering (stature for weight) or underweight (weight for age). 6. Training - less serious: Children (matured 7-17) of tutoring age not as of now going to class or who did not finish their essential instruction. 7. Wellbeing - less extreme: Children who have not been inoculated by 2 years old. On the off chance that the kid has not gotten eight of the accompanying inoculations they are characterized as denied: bcg, dpt1, dpt2, dpt3, polio0, polio1, polio2, polio3, measles or did not get treatment for a current sickness including an intense respiratory contamination or the runs.

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Peer approved, prove based criteria for hardship limits

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Absolute neediness and Severe hardship Children encountering TWO OR MORE extreme hardships of fundamental human need (i.e. various hardship) are thought to live in supreme neediness Children encountering ONE OR MORE extreme hardships are considered seriously denied Headline figures from 2003 report: 34% of kids in the creating scene (around 650 million) live in outright destitution (i.e. encounter at least two extreme hardships) 56% of kids in the creating scene (more than one billion) encounter serious hardship of no less than one essential human need

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Percent of the world\'s kids extremely denied of fundamental human needs (2003 report)

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Press scope, State of the World\'s Children Report 2005

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Survey status for CEE/CIS states taking an interest in Global Study

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Issues specific to CEE/CIS: Going past least fundamental needs Choice of edges – improvement of nation particular edges? Absence of scope of specific gatherings of powerless kids

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