Unit 1: Assorted qualities of Living Things.


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Arrange each of these maladies by what life forms cause them. B= Bacteria F=Fungus P=Protist V = Virus O = Other. Strep throat Cold Sores Pink EyeFlu Athlete\'s FootMad Cow . Strep throat. Mouth blisters. . Pink Eye. Viral Conjunctivitis. Influenza. Flu infection. Athlete\'s foot. Parasite. Distraught Cow.
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Unit 1: Diversity of Living Things

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Classify each of these sicknesses by what living beings cause them. B= Bacteria F=Fungus P= Protist V = Virus O = Other Strep throat Cold Sores Pink Eye Flu Athlete\'s Foot Mad Cow

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Strep throat

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Cold Sores

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Pink Eye Viral Conjunctivitis

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Flu Influenza infection

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Athlete\'s foot Fungus

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Mad cow-like spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) Other – Prions (protein machines)

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Classification Aristotle - fourth century B.C. savant Classified living things into two gatherings Animal Plant Not based upon developmental hypothesis

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Terms to Know… Classification : gathering taking into account similiarities Taxonomy : a branch of science that gatherings and names creatures in view of various qualities Monophyletic : basic plummet from a solitary progenitor What is the contrast between monophyletic , polyphyletic , and paraphyletic ?

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The Tree of Life Evolves 1990s = Domains, as proposed via Carl Woese These "areas" exist above kingdoms Changing Number of Kingdoms Names of Kingdoms Introduced 1700\'s Plantae Animalia Late 1800\'s Plantae Protista Animalia 1950\'s Animalia Monera Protista Plantae Fungi Archae-microscopic organisms Animalia 1990\'s Eubacteria Protista Fungi Plantae

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Today Domains: Classify every single living thing into 3 distinct sorts in view of natural chemistry and c ellular morphology . The three areas are ... Eukarya (eukaryotes) have a core and very much characterized complex organelles Bacteria (Eubacteria) [Prokaryotes] don\'t have a core and don\'t have all around characterized complex organelles Archaea (Archaeobacteria/Archaeabacteria) don\'t have a core and don\'t have all around characterized complex organelles live in amazing situations (eg sea vents, inside icy masses) Cellular Structure

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Cladograms demonstrates how creatures are connected taking into account shared, inferred qualities, for example, plumes, hair, scales, and so on

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Cladograms More particularly, cladograms is a strategy for arranging types of living beings into gatherings called "clades" Consists of a predecessor living being and every one of its "descendents" Essentially, a clade = a solitary branch = tree of life Focuses on shared determined attributes (otherwise known as. synapomorphies) Reflects the relative recency of a typical precursor or the sharing of a homologous component

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Remember Basis of developing a legitimate cladogram is the capacity to recognize the attributes of the hereditary populace and those of the descendents http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/0_0_0/evo_06

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Cladograms are connected to Venn Diagrams Review front of cladogram sheet

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Make a Venn graph from the accompanying information LA CU GC TE Eats Blue Eats Red Eats goldfish

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LA CU GC TE Eats blue Eats green Eats goldfish

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Rules All cladistic groupings must share a typical progenitor All animal types got from a typical predecessor must be incorporated into the Taxon – a scientific classification of any size; a gathering of (one or more) life forms which are generally phylogenetically related and which have normal qualities

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Complete substantial cladogram utilizing back of cladogram sheet.

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