UNIT 8 Ch. 24 â PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF SOUTH ASIA COUNTRIES OF INDIA, PAKISTAN, BANGLADESH, BHUTAN, NEPAL, SRI LANKA, and the MALDIVESSlide 2
I. Landforms and Resources A. Mountains and Plateaus 1. The Himalayas a. arrangement of parallel mountain ranges in north piece of districtSlide 3
b. contains the worldâs most elevated tops . (1) Mt. Everest at 29, 035ft. (2) about two dozen crests ascending to 24,000 or aboveSlide 4
c. Stretch for 1,500 miles and for outskirt in the middle of India and China 2. Deccan Plateau a. extensive tableland that covers quite a bit of southern IndiaSlide 5
b. tilts east toward Bay of Bengal c. isolated from ocean by Eastern and Western Ghats d. extremely parched (dry) district on the grounds that mountains keep dampness awaySlide 6
D. Waterways, Deltas , and Plains 1. Indus River a. begins in the Himalayas b. streams west then south through Pakistan to the Arabian SeaSlide 7
2. Ganges River a. begins in focal Himalayas b. streams eastbound crosswise over northern IndiaSlide 8
3. Brahmaputra River a. starts in the Himalayas b. winds east then south through Bangladesh c. meets with Ganges to shape an enormous stream delta and purges into the Bay of BengalSlide 9
C. Rich Plains 1. Alluvial Plain a. Lands that are rich farmlands b. made when streams flood their banks and store rich soil called alluvial soilSlide 10
2. Indo-Gangetic Plain a. three-fifths of Indiaâs populace lives here b. numerous vast urban communities, for example, New Delhi , Calcutta, and Dhaka situated hereSlide 11
D. Seaward Islands 1. Sri Lanka a. vast, tear molded island situated in Indian Ocean off southern tip of India b. rich, tropical island c. mountains command fixate and shorelines on the exteriorSlide 12
2. Maldives Archipelago a. comprises of 1,200 little islands b. extend north to south for 500 miles close to the equatorSlide 13
c. situated toward the south west off the shore of India d. islands are low-lying highest points of submerged volcanoes and called atolls e. just around 200 of the islands are possessedSlide 14
E. Common Resources 1. Water and soil a. important in view of South Asiaâs dependence on agribusinessSlide 15
b. streams are imperative and even thought to be holy c. Waterways are essential strategies for transportation , watering system, and hydro-electric forceSlide 16
2. Backwoods a. Rainforests produce mass amounts of timber and a wide range of sorts b. deforestation is a gigantic issue and reasons disintegration, flooding, avalanches , and loss of untamed life natural surroundingsSlide 17
3. Minerals a. India positions fourth on the planet in coal creation b. Numerous characteristic gas assetsSlide 18
c. Uranium stores in India give fuel to atomic vitality d. Different assets incorporate iron-metal , manganese, gypsum, chromium , bauxite, and copperSlide 19
II. Atmosphere and vegetation A. Extremely differing atmosphere 1. Tropical wet, tropical wet and dry, desert, semiarid , moist subtropical, and good country are all atmosphere zones of South AsiaSlide 20
2. A few ranges, for example, the Thar Desert , get next to no downpour 3. Cherrapunji, in upper east India, once got 366 inches of downpour â in one monthSlide 21
B. Rainstorm 1. The vast majority of the locales r extraordinarily effected by these regular winds 2. From June to September winds convey overwhelming precipitation to the locale 3. Very unusual 4. Now and then useful , here and there extremely dangerousSlide 22
C. Twisters 1. Savage tempest with wild winds and overwhelming downpours 2. Most damaging in Bangladesh in light of its low-lying zonesSlide 23
3. Can bring about across the board harm and execute thousands 4. In 1970, an expected 500,000 individuals were murdered and 1 million left destitute in BangladeshSlide 24
D. Vegetation 1. Extremely various vegetation 2. Differing qualities a consequence of various atmosphereSlide 25
III. Human-Environment Interaction A. The Ganges River 1. Channels a region in India that is home to 350 million individuals 2. Gives water to drinking , cultivating, and transportationSlide 26
3. Known as the â Mother Ganges â to Hindus 4. Hindus trust waterway is consecrated and has recuperating forces 5. Travelers originate from around the globe to drink and bathe in the GangesSlide 27
6. A standout amongst the most contaminated streams on the planet a. a large number of gallons of crude sewage and mechanical waste dumped in ordinary b. collections of dead creatures and human bodies buoy down waterwaySlide 28
c. water harmed with savage microorganisms d. individuals who bathe and beverage in the Ganges get intestinal maladies and dangerous sicknesses, for example, hepatitisSlide 29
7. Hindu individuals don\'t trust the waterway is contaminated 8. Hindu individuals trust that if the waterway has an issue âMother Gangesâ will settle itSlide 30
UNIT 8 CHAPTER 25 HUMAN GEOGRAPHY OF SOUTH ASIASlide 31
I. India A. Early History 1. Progress started in Indus River Valley around 2500 B.C. 2. Various gatherings came to India and set up a wide range of traditions and conventionsSlide 32
3. The Muslims built up the Mughal Empire by the 1500âs in India 4. Struggle emerged between the Muslims and local Hindus that still keeps going todaySlide 33
B. Europeans arrive 1. European brokers came to India in the 1500âs a. wanted flavors , material, and different merchandise not accessible in Europe b. French , Dutch, Portuguese, and British all were included right off the bat; British at long last won outSlide 34
2. English East India organization a. Picked up control over all exchange with Europe in India in 1757 b. In 1857, the British made India its state and assumed control of the administration , which went on for a long timeSlide 35
3. India picked up freedom through the initiative of Mohandas Ghandi a. He asked peaceful resistance b. On August 14, 1947 , Britain allowed India autonomySlide 36
4. Muslims decided to split far from India to frame Pakistan and Bangladesh a. Muslims saw that India was fundamentally Hindu b. This division created much viciousness that still keeps going todaySlide 37
C. Government 1. India is worldâs biggest majority rule government 2. Reflects components of both the American and British frameworks 3. Various ethnic , social, and religious components impact governmental issues in IndiaSlide 38
D. Economy 1. Greater part of individuals depend on agribusiness 2. Over 50% of individuals live in destitution 3. Mechanical advancement has helped agriculturists, however some can not manage the cost of itSlide 39
4. Industry is turning out to be huge business in India 5. Bangalore has gotten to be Indiaâs innovative focus a. Home to several PC programming organizations b. They exploit Indiaâs low wages and exceptionally gifted specialistsSlide 40
E. Day by day life in India 1. Family is focus of life a. Most relational unions are masterminded b. relational unions are male overwhelmed c. Separation is uncommon d. Relatives from a few eras live under one rooftopSlide 41
2. Diet a. To a great extent vegetation b. meat utilization is restricted by religious convictionsSlide 42
3. Diversion a. soccer, field hockey , cricket b. exemplary and present day popular music is well known c. Motion pictures are famousSlide 43
4. Instruction a. Most still take a shot at homesteads or little art commercial enterprises b. Most white collar class kids go to class in urban communitiesSlide 44
c. In ghettos and country territories, kids don\'t consistently go to class and proficiency rates are low d. Just $6 dollars a year is spent by the administration on every understudy; the American government spends over $6,300 per understudySlide 45
F. Society 1. Hinduism a. Command power in lives of most Indians b. 80% of Indians are HindusSlide 46
c. Polytheistic , or faith in numerous divine beings d. Put stock in resurrection , or the resurrection of souls after death e. Moral results of a personâs activities decide how a man is resurrectedSlide 47
2. Position System (social classes) a. A piece of Hinduism b. Five stationsSlide 48
(1) Brahmans ( clerics and researchers) (2) Kshatriyas ( rulers and warriors) (3) Vaisyas (agriculturists and traders ) (4) Sudras (artisans and workers) (5) Dalits ( untouchables ) formally killed from constitutionSlide 49
c. Conviction is every individual is naturally introduced to standing d. Conviction is a man can move into distinctive station just through resurrection e. Causes segregation and points of confinement peopleâs capacity to enhance their livesSlide 50
II. Pakistan and Bangladesh A. Basically Muslim B. Made in 1947 after British surrendered principle of India C. Tremendously slaughter in the middle of Hindus and Muslims was an aftereffect of thisSlide 51
D. West Pakistan and East Pakistan shared Islamic convictions yet had contrasts 1. This prompted common war 2. East Pakistan won its autonomy in 1971 and changed its name to BangladeshSlide 52
E. These nations have battled numerous wars and had much debasement F. Battle over Kashmir in the middle of India and Pakistan has draw close to atomic war G. Agrarian economies are battling and a large portion of the populaces live in needinessSlide 53
III. Nepal and Bhutan A. Both nations are situated in the Himalayas B. Little populaces in light of area C. Mt. Everest , the universes tallest crest, is situated hereSlide 54
D. Both nations face solid political and monetary issues E. Economies are essentially agrarian and poor F. Tourism is helping the economies someSlide 55
IV. Sri Lanka and Maldives A. Sri Lanka is principally Hindu and Buddhist B. Maldives official religion is Is
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