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UNIT 8 Ch. 24 – PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF SOUTH ASIA COUNTRIES OF INDIA, PAKISTAN, BANGLADESH, BHUTAN, NEPAL, SRI LANKA, and the MALDIVES I. Landforms and Resources A. Mountains and Plateaus 1. The Himalayas a. system of parallel mountain ranges in north part of region
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I. Landforms and Resources A. Mountains and Plateaus 1. The Himalayas a. arrangement of parallel mountain ranges in north piece of district

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b. contains the world’s most elevated tops . (1) Mt. Everest at 29, 035ft. (2) about two dozen crests ascending to 24,000 or above

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c. Stretch for 1,500 miles and for outskirt in the middle of India and China 2. Deccan Plateau a. extensive tableland that covers quite a bit of southern India

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b. tilts east toward Bay of Bengal c. isolated from ocean by Eastern and Western Ghats d. extremely parched (dry) district on the grounds that mountains keep dampness away

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D. Waterways, Deltas , and Plains 1. Indus River a. begins in the Himalayas b. streams west then south through Pakistan to the Arabian Sea

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2. Ganges River a. begins in focal Himalayas b. streams eastbound crosswise over northern India

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3. Brahmaputra River a. starts in the Himalayas b. winds east then south through Bangladesh c. meets with Ganges to shape an enormous stream delta and purges into the Bay of Bengal

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C. Rich Plains 1. Alluvial Plain a. Lands that are rich farmlands b. made when streams flood their banks and store rich soil called alluvial soil

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2. Indo-Gangetic Plain a. three-fifths of India’s populace lives here b. numerous vast urban communities, for example, New Delhi , Calcutta, and Dhaka situated here

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D. Seaward Islands 1. Sri Lanka a. vast, tear molded island situated in Indian Ocean off southern tip of India b. rich, tropical island c. mountains command fixate and shorelines on the exterior

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2. Maldives Archipelago a. comprises of 1,200 little islands b. extend north to south for 500 miles close to the equator

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c. situated toward the south west off the shore of India d. islands are low-lying highest points of submerged volcanoes and called atolls e. just around 200 of the islands are possessed

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E. Common Resources 1. Water and soil a. important in view of South Asia’s dependence on agribusiness

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b. streams are imperative and even thought to be holy c. Waterways are essential strategies for transportation , watering system, and hydro-electric force

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2. Backwoods a. Rainforests produce mass amounts of timber and a wide range of sorts b. deforestation is a gigantic issue and reasons disintegration, flooding, avalanches , and loss of untamed life natural surroundings

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3. Minerals a. India positions fourth on the planet in coal creation b. Numerous characteristic gas assets

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c. Uranium stores in India give fuel to atomic vitality d. Different assets incorporate iron-metal , manganese, gypsum, chromium , bauxite, and copper

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II. Atmosphere and vegetation A. Extremely differing atmosphere 1. Tropical wet, tropical wet and dry, desert, semiarid , moist subtropical, and good country are all atmosphere zones of South Asia

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2. A few ranges, for example, the Thar Desert , get next to no downpour 3. Cherrapunji, in upper east India, once got 366 inches of downpour – in one month

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B. Rainstorm 1. The vast majority of the locales r extraordinarily effected by these regular winds 2. From June to September winds convey overwhelming precipitation to the locale 3. Very unusual 4. Now and then useful , here and there extremely dangerous

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C. Twisters 1. Savage tempest with wild winds and overwhelming downpours 2. Most damaging in Bangladesh in light of its low-lying zones

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3. Can bring about across the board harm and execute thousands 4. In 1970, an expected 500,000 individuals were murdered and 1 million left destitute in Bangladesh

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D. Vegetation 1. Extremely various vegetation 2. Differing qualities a consequence of various atmosphere

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III. Human-Environment Interaction A. The Ganges River 1. Channels a region in India that is home to 350 million individuals 2. Gives water to drinking , cultivating, and transportation

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3. Known as the “ Mother Ganges ” to Hindus 4. Hindus trust waterway is consecrated and has recuperating forces 5. Travelers originate from around the globe to drink and bathe in the Ganges

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6. A standout amongst the most contaminated streams on the planet a. a large number of gallons of crude sewage and mechanical waste dumped in ordinary b. collections of dead creatures and human bodies buoy down waterway

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c. water harmed with savage microorganisms d. individuals who bathe and beverage in the Ganges get intestinal maladies and dangerous sicknesses, for example, hepatitis

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7. Hindu individuals don't trust the waterway is contaminated 8. Hindu individuals trust that if the waterway has an issue “Mother Ganges” will settle it

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I. India A. Early History 1. Progress started in Indus River Valley around 2500 B.C. 2. Various gatherings came to India and set up a wide range of traditions and conventions

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3. The Muslims built up the Mughal Empire by the 1500’s in India 4. Struggle emerged between the Muslims and local Hindus that still keeps going today

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B. Europeans arrive 1. European brokers came to India in the 1500’s a. wanted flavors , material, and different merchandise not accessible in Europe b. French , Dutch, Portuguese, and British all were included right off the bat; British at long last won out

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2. English East India organization a. Picked up control over all exchange with Europe in India in 1757 b. In 1857, the British made India its state and assumed control of the administration , which went on for a long time

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3. India picked up freedom through the initiative of Mohandas Ghandi a. He asked peaceful resistance b. On August 14, 1947 , Britain allowed India autonomy

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4. Muslims decided to split far from India to frame Pakistan and Bangladesh a. Muslims saw that India was fundamentally Hindu b. This division created much viciousness that still keeps going today

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C. Government 1. India is world’s biggest majority rule government 2. Reflects components of both the American and British frameworks 3. Various ethnic , social, and religious components impact governmental issues in India

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D. Economy 1. Greater part of individuals depend on agribusiness 2. Over 50% of individuals live in destitution 3. Mechanical advancement has helped agriculturists, however some can not manage the cost of it

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4. Industry is turning out to be huge business in India 5. Bangalore has gotten to be India’s innovative focus a. Home to several PC programming organizations b. They exploit India’s low wages and exceptionally gifted specialists

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E. Day by day life in India 1. Family is focus of life a. Most relational unions are masterminded b. relational unions are male overwhelmed c. Separation is uncommon d. Relatives from a few eras live under one rooftop

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2. Diet a. To a great extent vegetation b. meat utilization is restricted by religious convictions

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3. Diversion a. soccer, field hockey , cricket b. exemplary and present day popular music is well known c. Motion pictures are famous

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4. Instruction a. Most still take a shot at homesteads or little art commercial enterprises b. Most white collar class kids go to class in urban communities

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c. In ghettos and country territories, kids don't consistently go to class and proficiency rates are low d. Just $6 dollars a year is spent by the administration on every understudy; the American government spends over $6,300 per understudy

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F. Society 1. Hinduism a. Command power in lives of most Indians b. 80% of Indians are Hindus

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c. Polytheistic , or faith in numerous divine beings d. Put stock in resurrection , or the resurrection of souls after death e. Moral results of a person’s activities decide how a man is resurrected

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2. Position System (social classes) a. A piece of Hinduism b. Five stations

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(1) Brahmans ( clerics and researchers) (2) Kshatriyas ( rulers and warriors) (3) Vaisyas (agriculturists and traders ) (4) Sudras (artisans and workers) (5) Dalits ( untouchables ) formally killed from constitution

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c. Conviction is every individual is naturally introduced to standing d. Conviction is a man can move into distinctive station just through resurrection e. Causes segregation and points of confinement people’s capacity to enhance their lives

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II. Pakistan and Bangladesh A. Basically Muslim B. Made in 1947 after British surrendered principle of India C. Tremendously slaughter in the middle of Hindus and Muslims was an aftereffect of this

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D. West Pakistan and East Pakistan shared Islamic convictions yet had contrasts 1. This prompted common war 2. East Pakistan won its autonomy in 1971 and changed its name to Bangladesh

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E. These nations have battled numerous wars and had much debasement F. Battle over Kashmir in the middle of India and Pakistan has draw close to atomic war G. Agrarian economies are battling and a large portion of the populaces live in neediness

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III. Nepal and Bhutan A. Both nations are situated in the Himalayas B. Little populaces in light of area C. Mt. Everest , the universes tallest crest, is situated here

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D. Both nations face solid political and monetary issues E. Economies are essentially agrarian and poor F. Tourism is helping the economies some

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IV. Sri Lanka and Maldives A. Sri Lanka is principally Hindu and Buddhist B. Maldives official religion is Is