United States Life-Saving Service .

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United States Life-Saving Service. Life-Saving before the USLSS. Danger Lighthouse keepers and volunteers Insufficient. Massachusetts Humane Society. Founded in 1785 Structures for shipwrecked mariners 1787- “Houses of Refuge” Small sheds First on Lovell’s Island. Dr. John Warren
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Joined States Life-Saving Service

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Life-Saving before the USLSS Danger Lighthouse guardians and volunteers Insufficient

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Massachusetts Humane Society Founded in 1785 Structures for wrecked sailors 1787-"Places of Refuge" Small sheds First on Lovell\'s Island Dr. John Warren One of the Founders and Initial Trustees of the Massachusetts Humane Society

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Problems Stations just close bustling ports expansive holes of coastline structures not kept an eye on nor kept up Vulnerable to robbery and vandalism No Boats House of Refuge

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Making Improvements Society started investigating utilizing little vessels British created "rafts" William Raymond 30-feet long, 11 crew members First raft station at Cohasset, MA Boston, 1800

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Additional Measures 1831 – Gallatin First government order 1837 – Congressional approval to hunt Rescue on the high oceans Need for Responsibility and Means USRC Gallatin

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William A. Newell Congressman from New Jersey Physician 14 August 1848- - Congress appropriated $10,000 "surfboats, rockets, carronades… " Limited to New Jersey New Jersey drift

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Douglass Ottinger Captain in the Revenue Marine Interested in lifesaving Established 8 stations with gear 12 January 1850-Ayrshire save

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Problems Continue Elizabeth wreck Stations included Systemic issues little deliberate groups disregard and burglary no institutionalization 1848 enactment was insufficient.

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Steps toward a National Life-Saving Service Winter of 1870-71- - Public Outcry 20 April 1871 Paid surfmen and new stations Captain John Faunce Report on the condition of life-sparing Captain John Faunce

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Sumner Increase Kimball Born on 2 September 1834 Attended Bowdoin College A legal advisor Appointed to Treasury Department 1871- - named to head Revenue Marine Bureau

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Founding of the U.S. Life-Saving Service 4 June 1878- - Representative Samuel S. Cox 18 June 1878- - Congress passed the enactment making the USLSS President Hayes selected Kimball Congress endorsed President Rutherford B. Hayes

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Garnering Public Support William D. O\'Conner Journalist Authored safeguard accounts in the yearly reports Vivid and Eloquent Accounts spread to the overall population His reports guaranteed bolster for the USLSS Title Page from an Annual Report

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Life-Saving Equipment Beach Cart Boats Lifeboat Surfboat Cork Lifebelt Heaving Stick and Line Beach Apparatus Lyle Gun & Faking Box Breeches Buoy Lifecar Coston Flare

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Beach Cart

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Boats Lifeboat Surfboat

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Launching Lifeboats Ramp-Launched

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Launching Surfboats From the Beach

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Cork Lifebelt

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Coston Flare Benjamin Franklin Coston Martha Coston Adopted by the US Navy Adopted by USLSS- - each station prepared Helped spare thousands

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Heaving Stick and Line Short-stay with oval weight Surfman tossed it Inadequate for shore-based salvages An option was required

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Beach Apparatus Used to get protect lines to the disaster areas Beach Cart Beach Apparatus all laid out

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Lyle Gun David A. Lyle, US Army. Enhanced outline

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Firing Lyle Gun

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Faking Box Shotline Completed Faking Box Surfmen Stringing the Shotline in the Faking Box

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Breeches Buoy Breeches Bouy in real life Crewmen Training with the Breeches Buoy

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Lifecar Joseph Francis Carried 2 to 4 individuals Used until 1899

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Organization of the Service Agency inside the Treasury Department Headed by Sumner I. Kimball Inspected by the Revenue Cutter Service Districts with Superintendents Each station named and numbered

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Life-Saving Stations Equipment Storage Area of a Unidentified Station Surfmen engaging themselves at their station

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Life-Saving Stations in New England Cape Elizabeth, Maine Salisbury Beach, Massachusetts Fletcher\'s Neck, Maine

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Life-Saving Stations in New England Different Views of the Life-Saving Station at Narragansett, Rhode Island

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Life-Saving Stations in the Mid-Atlantic Quogue, New York Point of Woods, New York

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Life-Saving Stations in the Mid-Atlantic Indian River, Delaware Deal, New Jersey

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Life-Saving Stations in the Carolinas Bogue Inlet, North Carolina Currituck, North Carolina

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House of Refuge in Florida House of Refuge at Indian River Inlet, Florida

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Life-Saving Stations on the Gulf Coast of Texas Sabine Pass, Texas San Luis, Texas

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Life-Saving Stations on the Great Lakes Ashtabula, Ohio Evanston, Illinois

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Life-Saving Stations on the Great Lakes Two Rivers, Wisconsin Racine, Wisconsin Jackson Park, Illinois

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Floating Life-Saving Station Louisville, Kentucky

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Life-Saving Stations on the Pacific Coast Gray\'s Harbor, Washington Baaddah Point, Washington Golden Gate Park, California

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Uniforms of the Life-Saving Service Station Keeper Surfman

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Foul-Weather Gear for leading salvages On Beach Patrol

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Uniform Variations

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Lifesaving Medals Gold Lifesaving Medal Silver Lifesaving Medal

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Some Heroes of the U.S. Life-Saving Service Joshua James Rasmus S. Midgett Frederick T. Incubate Crew of the Pea Island (NC) Station Crew of the Evanston (IL) Station

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Massachusetts Humane Society Keeper of Point Allerton Station Gold Lifesaving Medal Joshua James

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Rasmus S. Midgett Gull Island Life-Saving Station 18 August 1899- - without any assistance safeguarded ten individuals Awarded the Gold Lifesaving Medal

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Frederick T. Bring forth Two-time beneficiary of the Gold Lifesaving Medal 31 October-1 November 1883-Sophia Minch 26 October 1891-Wahnapitae

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Pea Island team Pea Island LS was on the Outer Banks All African-American group. 11 October 1896-E.S. Newman 5 March 1996-Gold Lifesaving Medal granted to the Pea Island group

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Evanston Crew Outside of Chicago Northwestern University 28 November 1889-Calumet foundered in a tempest 17 October 1890-Gold Lifesaving Medal granted

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USLSS & the Wright Brothers at Kitty Hawk Kill Devil Hills LSS helped Orville and Wilbur Wright Surfman J.T. Daniels Crew helped with consequent flights Kill Devil Hills Station crew members First Flight of the Wright Brothers\' Flyer

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End of the USLSS 20 January 1915 - "Act to Create the Coast Guard" Combined the U.S. Life-Saving Service and the Revenue Cutter Service 28 January 1915 - President Wilson marked into law US Coast Guard made

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