Joined States Life-Saving ServiceSlide 2
Life-Saving before the USLSS Danger Lighthouse guardians and volunteers InsufficientSlide 3
Massachusetts Humane Society Founded in 1785 Structures for wrecked sailors 1787-"Places of Refuge" Small sheds First on Lovell\'s Island Dr. John Warren One of the Founders and Initial Trustees of the Massachusetts Humane SocietySlide 4
Problems Stations just close bustling ports expansive holes of coastline structures not kept an eye on nor kept up Vulnerable to robbery and vandalism No Boats House of RefugeSlide 5
Making Improvements Society started investigating utilizing little vessels British created "rafts" William Raymond 30-feet long, 11 crew members First raft station at Cohasset, MA Boston, 1800Slide 6
Additional Measures 1831 – Gallatin First government order 1837 – Congressional approval to hunt Rescue on the high oceans Need for Responsibility and Means USRC GallatinSlide 7
William A. Newell Congressman from New Jersey Physician 14 August 1848- - Congress appropriated $10,000 "surfboats, rockets, carronades… " Limited to New Jersey New Jersey driftSlide 8
Douglass Ottinger Captain in the Revenue Marine Interested in lifesaving Established 8 stations with gear 12 January 1850-Ayrshire saveSlide 9
Problems Continue Elizabeth wreck Stations included Systemic issues little deliberate groups disregard and burglary no institutionalization 1848 enactment was insufficient.Slide 10
Steps toward a National Life-Saving Service Winter of 1870-71- - Public Outcry 20 April 1871 Paid surfmen and new stations Captain John Faunce Report on the condition of life-sparing Captain John FaunceSlide 11
Sumner Increase Kimball Born on 2 September 1834 Attended Bowdoin College A legal advisor Appointed to Treasury Department 1871- - named to head Revenue Marine BureauSlide 12
Founding of the U.S. Life-Saving Service 4 June 1878- - Representative Samuel S. Cox 18 June 1878- - Congress passed the enactment making the USLSS President Hayes selected Kimball Congress endorsed President Rutherford B. HayesSlide 13
Garnering Public Support William D. O\'Conner Journalist Authored safeguard accounts in the yearly reports Vivid and Eloquent Accounts spread to the overall population His reports guaranteed bolster for the USLSS Title Page from an Annual ReportSlide 14
Life-Saving Equipment Beach Cart Boats Lifeboat Surfboat Cork Lifebelt Heaving Stick and Line Beach Apparatus Lyle Gun & Faking Box Breeches Buoy Lifecar Coston FlareSlide 15
Beach CartSlide 16
Boats Lifeboat SurfboatSlide 17
Launching Lifeboats Ramp-LaunchedSlide 18
Launching Surfboats From the BeachSlide 19
Cork LifebeltSlide 20
Coston Flare Benjamin Franklin Coston Martha Coston Adopted by the US Navy Adopted by USLSS- - each station prepared Helped spare thousandsSlide 21
Heaving Stick and Line Short-stay with oval weight Surfman tossed it Inadequate for shore-based salvages An option was requiredSlide 22
Beach Apparatus Used to get protect lines to the disaster areas Beach Cart Beach Apparatus all laid outSlide 23
Lyle Gun David A. Lyle, US Army. Enhanced outlineSlide 24
Firing Lyle GunSlide 25
Faking Box Shotline Completed Faking Box Surfmen Stringing the Shotline in the Faking BoxSlide 26
Breeches Buoy Breeches Bouy in real life Crewmen Training with the Breeches BuoySlide 27
Lifecar Joseph Francis Carried 2 to 4 individuals Used until 1899Slide 28
Organization of the Service Agency inside the Treasury Department Headed by Sumner I. Kimball Inspected by the Revenue Cutter Service Districts with Superintendents Each station named and numberedSlide 29
Life-Saving Stations Equipment Storage Area of a Unidentified Station Surfmen engaging themselves at their stationSlide 30
Life-Saving Stations in New England Cape Elizabeth, Maine Salisbury Beach, Massachusetts Fletcher\'s Neck, MaineSlide 31
Life-Saving Stations in New England Different Views of the Life-Saving Station at Narragansett, Rhode IslandSlide 32
Life-Saving Stations in the Mid-Atlantic Quogue, New York Point of Woods, New YorkSlide 33
Life-Saving Stations in the Mid-Atlantic Indian River, Delaware Deal, New JerseySlide 34
Life-Saving Stations in the Carolinas Bogue Inlet, North Carolina Currituck, North CarolinaSlide 35
House of Refuge in Florida House of Refuge at Indian River Inlet, FloridaSlide 36
Life-Saving Stations on the Gulf Coast of Texas Sabine Pass, Texas San Luis, TexasSlide 37
Life-Saving Stations on the Great Lakes Ashtabula, Ohio Evanston, IllinoisSlide 38
Life-Saving Stations on the Great Lakes Two Rivers, Wisconsin Racine, Wisconsin Jackson Park, IllinoisSlide 39
Floating Life-Saving Station Louisville, KentuckySlide 40
Life-Saving Stations on the Pacific Coast Gray\'s Harbor, Washington Baaddah Point, Washington Golden Gate Park, CaliforniaSlide 41
Uniforms of the Life-Saving Service Station Keeper SurfmanSlide 42
Foul-Weather Gear for leading salvages On Beach PatrolSlide 43
Uniform VariationsSlide 44
Lifesaving Medals Gold Lifesaving Medal Silver Lifesaving MedalSlide 45
Some Heroes of the U.S. Life-Saving Service Joshua James Rasmus S. Midgett Frederick T. Incubate Crew of the Pea Island (NC) Station Crew of the Evanston (IL) StationSlide 46
Massachusetts Humane Society Keeper of Point Allerton Station Gold Lifesaving Medal Joshua JamesSlide 47
Rasmus S. Midgett Gull Island Life-Saving Station 18 August 1899- - without any assistance safeguarded ten individuals Awarded the Gold Lifesaving MedalSlide 48
Frederick T. Bring forth Two-time beneficiary of the Gold Lifesaving Medal 31 October-1 November 1883-Sophia Minch 26 October 1891-WahnapitaeSlide 49
Pea Island team Pea Island LS was on the Outer Banks All African-American group. 11 October 1896-E.S. Newman 5 March 1996-Gold Lifesaving Medal granted to the Pea Island groupSlide 50
Evanston Crew Outside of Chicago Northwestern University 28 November 1889-Calumet foundered in a tempest 17 October 1890-Gold Lifesaving Medal grantedSlide 51
USLSS & the Wright Brothers at Kitty Hawk Kill Devil Hills LSS helped Orville and Wilbur Wright Surfman J.T. Daniels Crew helped with consequent flights Kill Devil Hills Station crew members First Flight of the Wright Brothers\' FlyerSlide 52
End of the USLSS 20 January 1915 - "Act to Create the Coast Guard" Combined the U.S. Life-Saving Service and the Revenue Cutter Service 28 January 1915 - President Wilson marked into law US Coast Guard made
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