Universal Standard and Rules: Wellbeing and Agribusiness Perspectives.


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Worldwide Standard and Guidelines: Health and Agriculture Aspects ... Universal Standard and Guidelines: Health and Agriculture Aspects ...
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Universal Standard and Guidelines: Health and Agriculture Aspects ( Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11-13.12.2005) Christine Werner Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH biological sanitation program, Division 44 – environment and base Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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Contents WHO Guidelines 1989 variant: Guidelines for the sheltered utilization of wastewater and excreta in horticulture and aquaculture 2005 rendition (forthcoming): Guidelines for the protected utilization of wastewater, excreta and greywater EcoSanRes Guidelines on  the sheltered utilization of pee and dung in natural sanitation frameworks Guidelines on the utilization of pee and defecation in harvest generation FAO Guidelines FAO watering system and seepage paper 47: wastewater treatment and use in agribusiness (1992) Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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WHO rules for the protected utilization of wastewater and excreta in farming and aquaculture (1989) Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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New WHO rules for the sheltered utilization of wastewater, excreta and greywater Upcoming WHO rules, redesign of the rules from 1989, distribution arranged in 2006 3 Volumes: safe utilization of wastewater in farming safe utilization of wastewater in aquaculture safe utilization of excreta and greywater Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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New WHO rules for the sheltered utilization of wastewater, excreta and greywater Reuse of wastewater, greywater and excreta in agribusiness and aquaculture is drilled worldwide on an extensive scale, however frequently without adequate wellbeing proctction measures WHO perceive the significance of reuse of wastewater, greywater and excreta for feasible sustenance creation and enhanced employment WHO gives direction on wellbeing insurance measures for safe reuse WHO perceive source-partition as a unique and substantial methodology source: GTZ Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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New WHO rules for the sheltered utilization of wastewater, excreta and greywater The new WHO-rules are: … in light of: investigative agreement and best accessible confirmation, wellbeing based targets great practices and a numerous boundary approach … to be adjusted to nearby social, financial, and natural elements … endeavoring to augment general medical advantages and the advantageous utilization of rare assets source: GTZ source: GTZ Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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new WHO rules for the protected utilization of wastewater, excreta and greywater key issue: better procedures for assessing hazard past rules depended on genuine dangers utilizing epidemiological proof upgraded rules make utilization of all accessible confirmation including Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment (QMRA-models) information on various pathogens are utilized to create wellbeing based targets, required pathogen diminishment and miocrobial execution focuses of wastewater and excreta treatment frameworks source: GTZ source: GTZ Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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New WHO rules for the sheltered utilization of wastewater, excreta and greywater Definition: Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) DALYs are a measure of populace wellbeing as far as the weight because of a particular illness or danger component. DALYs endeavor to gauge solid years of life lost in view of handicap or passing from a sickness DALYs represent intense wellbeing impacts as well as for postponed and interminable impacts diverse wellbeing results (e.g., disease versus looseness of the bowels) can be looked at and hazard administration choices can be organized. embraced insurance level for wastewater/excreta use in agribusiness in the new WHO rule: middle of the road extra infection load <= 10 - 6 DALYs or 1 µDaly per individual and year = only one of a million human life years anticipation will be lost because of the potential extra illness from wastewater/excreta reuse = same security level as utilized as a part of the WHO rule for drinking water Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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New WHO rules for the sheltered utilization of wastewater, excreta and greywater Pathogen decreases achievable by different wellbeing assurance measures for wastewater use in farming Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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New WHO rules for the protected utilization of wastewater, excreta and greywater Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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Verification checking of wastewater treatment for the different levels of wastewater treatment in Options A−G: E.coli Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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Health-based focuses for treated wastewater use in horticulture : helminth eggs Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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Example: agrarian utilization of wastewater, Peru Coastal locale of Peru: to a great degree parched Wastewater treatment in adjustment lakes Irrigation with treated emanating for confined harvests source: Saniplan Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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Example: greywater reusing through sub-surface application, India Use of greywater in mulch trenches Mulch filled trench or pit source: GTZ Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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Guidelines on  the protected utilization of pee and defecation in natural sanitation frameworks (EcoSanRes) general wellbeing issues of rural reuse of pee and dung Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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rules on  the protected utilization of pee and excrement in biological sanitation frameworks (EcoSanRes) concentrates on the treatment and treatment of dung and pee, gives flow data on danger administration and evaluation of source division techniques specialized and behavioral obstructions against malady transmission, sanitation treatment strategies, reuse in agribusiness the extent of rule is constrained to items from pee preoccupation gadgets and dry accumulation frameworks for excrement. Natural Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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Guidelines on  the sheltered utilization of pee and defecation in biological sanitation frameworks (EcoSanRes) Recommendations for pee treatment and use : The fundamental dangers in the utilization of excreta are identified with the fecal portion and not the pee part . Specialized developments ought to be done in approaches to minimize fecal crosscontamination. At family level the pee can be utilized straightforwardly. Pee ought to, in vast scale frameworks, be put away for one month at 20°C preceding use. A withholding time of one month amongst treatment and harvest ought to be connected. Pee ought to be connected near ground and ideally blended with or watered into the dirt. Pee strogae in Sweden (Gebers) Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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Guidelines on  the protected utilization of pee and excrement in environmental sanitation frameworks (EcoSanRes) Recommendations for defecation treatment and use : Feces ought to be dealt with before use as manure. Essential treatment (in the latrine) incorporates capacity and basic treatment by expansion of fiery debris, lime or urea. 1-2 glasses (200-500 ml; enough to cover the crisp dung) of antacid material ought to be included after every poo. Defecation ought to also be blended into the dirt in a manner that they are all around secured. Excrement ought not be utilized for treatment of vegetables, natural products or root trims that are to be expended crude, barring organic product trees. Dried defecation (GTZ)) Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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Guidelines on  the protected utilization of pee and dung in biological sanitation frameworks (EcoSanRes) Recommended capacity time and treatment for excrement Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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Guidelines on the utilization of pee and defecation in yield generation (EcoSanRes) Agronomic issues of rural reuse of pee and dung Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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Guidelines on the utilization of pee and dung in harvest creation (EcoSanRes) Requirements with respect to re-utilizing of excreta for horticultural purposes, including plant development, nutirents in excreta, cleanliness treatment of pee and dung, and so on are talked about. Suggestions on utilizing excreta as a part of development are given. It accentuates that pee and defecation are finished composts. Pee is rich in nitrogen and dung are rich in phosphorous, potassium and natural matter. rule is constrained to items from pee preoccupation gadgets and dry accumulation frameworks for dung. source: GTZ source: GTZ Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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Guidelines on the utilization of pee and defecation in yield creation (EcoSanRes) Recommendations for utilization of pee in development: Urine is a snappy acting nitrogen-rich complete manure. Best impacts from preceding sowing, up until 66% of the period amongst sowing and gather. Suggested application rate and time ought to be founded on the fancied nitrogen application rate (in view of nearby proposals for concoction nitrogen composts) Rule of thumb: apply the pee from one individual amid one day (24 hours) to one square meter of harvest. (= 300-400 m 2 for each individual and year) Fotos: Urine reuse in Havanna, Cuba (GTZ) Ecological Sanitation Symposium, Syria, 11 - 13 December 2005

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Guidelines on the utilization of pee and dung in yield creation (EcoSanRes) Recommendations for utilization of excrement in development : Feces ought to be connected and blended into the dirt before development begins. Neighborhood application in gaps or wrinkles near the arranged plants takes into consideration monetary utilize The application rate can be founded on the present proposal for the utilization of phosphorous-based manures (low application rate with little change due to the additional natural matter) Feces can likewise be connected a

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