Unpredictable Relocation and Trafficking in Persons to Canada from Asia.

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Sporadic Relocation and Trafficking in Persons to Canada from Asia. San Diego, CA May 21-22, 2007. Movement to Canada: a Worldwide Picture. Canada - a country of foreigners 2006 – more than 250,000 changeless occupants Impermanent Inhabitant Visas (2006): 799,000
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Sporadic Migration and Trafficking in Persons to Canada from Asia San Diego, CA May 21-22, 2007

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Immigration to Canada: a Global Picture Canada - a country of outsiders 2006 – more than 250,000 perpetual inhabitants Temporary Resident Visas (2006): 799,000 Large land mass with different purposes of section/way out Land Sea Air Multi Cultural society assorted dialect, society and religions

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Migration to Canada from Asia 130,000 Permanent Residents from Asia in 2006 (52% of aggregate changeless occupants) Top source nations of normal movement (Asia) : China, India, Philippines, Pakistan

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Migration to Canada from Asia 130,000 lasting occupants from Asia in 2006 (52% of aggregate Permanent Residents) Top source nations of customary migration (Asia) : China, India, Philippines, Pakistan Top source nations of unpredictable relocation (Asia) : China, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka Irregular relocation from Asia is declining yet at the same time makes up 28% of all sporadic movement to Canada(2006) Largest extent of Asian unpredictable vagrants touch base in Vancouver , (on the other hand, the biggest number of Asian inland displaced person inquirers make their case in Toronto)

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Smuggling versus Trafficking In Persons Smuggling A business exchange between two willing gatherings including the unlawful development of individuals over an International fringe Trafficking in Persons A procedure that includes the enlistment, transportation, exchange, harboring, or receipt of persons, by different method for intimidation, power, extortion, or the misuse of force with the end goal of abuse, which ordinarily incorporates sexual abuse or constrained work. Canadian law implementation meaning of TIP and sneaking in light of UN International Instruments. TIP definition found in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and the Criminal Code.

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Methods of unpredictable section into Canada by Asian Nationals Techniques utilized are always showing signs of change: Use of water crafts Use of carriers Inland displaced person claims – proof of visa/movement misrepresentation Fraudulent reports Fraudulent utilization of lawful procedure – traveler visas and so on Consistent development of sporadic passage routines demonstrate an abnormal state of learning and sharing of data among human bootleggers and traffickers Smuggled transients can get to be casualties of TIP anytime in the carrying procedure

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Nature of TIP in Canada TIP happens crosswise over and inside of outskirts in Canada is principally a destination and travel nation for trafficked casualties to the US. Albeit not a critical root nation, case law indicates casualties are trafficked locally Source districts have a tendency to be Asia, Eastern Europe, and parts of Africa Victims are regularly guaranteed honest to goodness, well-paying employments as guardians, servers or models. Casualties have been trafficked for purposes of sexual abuse and constrained work. The covert way of TIP makes it hard to measure the issue\'s degree in Canada and globally.

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Trends in Organized Crime & Links to TIP Gradual movement from extensive generally progressive style gatherings to a littler plan of action style of contracting out regions of obligations Crime associations tend to target individuals from their own particular ethnic foundation Asian and Eastern European OC gatherings have been most included in trafficking casualties to Canada Crime associations are anxious to branch out to different Nationalities and societies as gatherings create particular “niches” Diversification contracting out of the different viewpoints included in the development of individuals, to different societies Moving of numerous sorts of things (individuals, medications, firearms) Commodities utilized for installment incorporate money, as well as medications, weapons, information and exceptional aptitudes

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Canada’s Approach to Combat Trafficking in Persons Prosecution Prevention UN Human Trafficking Protocol Protection Partnerships

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Canada’s Approach to Combat TIP The “Four Ps” approach Prevention : Multiple outskirts procedure, Awareness-Raising, Training of Law Enforcement officers Protection : Temporary Resident Permits, Victims’ needs Prosecution : Criminal Code and IRPA offenses for human trafficking Partnerships : Domestic, Canada-US, Regional, International,

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Best practices to battle TIP from Asia to Canada Victims needs: Recognition of social assorted qualities, age, sexual orientation and novel needs International collaboration: International law authorization conventions (systems to encourage International examinations) Need for direct correspondence diverts Participation in territorial discussions in Asia (e.g. Bali Process) Technical Assistance (DFAIT, CIDA), incorporating counteractive action in source nations abroad (Shattered dreams-IOM ) CBSA Migration Integrity Officers/RCMP Liaison Officers

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Information Sources US-Canada Bi-National Assessment of Trafficking in Persons http://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/prg/le/_fl/1666i-en.pdf 2006 CISC Annual Report on Organized Crime in Canada http://www.cisc.gc.ca/annual_reports/annual_report2006/coverpage_2006_e.htm

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Contact data CBSA Anti-Fraud & Human Trafficking Section (613) 954-6133 or (613) 946-6067 Cbsa-humantraffic@cbsa-asfc.gc.ca David PARK (RCMP) (613) 949-7753 David.Park@rcmp-grc.gc.

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