VIETNAM WAR.


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VIETNAM WAR. 13 YEARS OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN Fighting 1962-1975. Occasions IN TIME. FRENCH Strengths Catch AND Assume control SAIGON IN 1859 FRENCH WILL Govern VIETNAM FOR Right around 100 YEARS HO CHI MINH IS Conceived IN 1890. Countenances Without bounds HO CHI MINH- - JOHN F KENNEDY. THE EARLY YEARS. HO CHI MINH
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Slide 1

VIETNAM WAR 13 YEARS OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN WARFARE 1962-1975

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EVENTS IN TIME FRENCH FORCES CAPTURE AND TAKE OVER SAIGON IN 1859 FRENCH WILL RULE VIETNAM FOR ALMOST 100 YEARS HO CHI MINH IS BORN IN 1890

Slide 4

FACES OF THE FUTURE HO CHI MINH- - JOHN F KENNEDY

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THE EARLY YEARS HO CHI MINH BECAME A LEADER OF THE VIETNAMESE YOUTH IMPRISONED IN CHINA FOR HIS BELIEFS

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VIETNAM BECOMES INDEPENDENT IN 1945 HO CHI MINH DECLARES THAT VIETNAM IS FREE AND IS AN INDEPENDENT NATION FRANCE DECLARES WAR ON VIETNAM IMMEDIATELY THE FIRST INDOCHINA WAR 1946-1954, IT WILL SET THE TONE

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VIETNAM SPLITS VIETNAM IS DIVIDED AT THE 17TH PARALLEL, JUST AS KOREA HAD BEEN AT THE 38TH. SOUTH VIETNAM RULED BY BAO DAI, A PUPPET OF DEMOCRACY NORTH VIETNAM RULED BY HO CHI MINH, THE FATHER OF VIETNAMESE COMMUNISM

Slide 8

UNITED STATES ENTERS AS ADVISORS 1955 THE UNITED STATES SENDS MILITARY ADVISORS TO VIETNAM, MANY ARE THERE TO SPY ON THE COMMUNIST THESE ADVISORS WOULD LEAD TO THE CREATION OF THE CIA THEY ARE SENT TO TRAIN SOUTH VIETNAMESE SOLDIERS

Slide 9

1961 US PERSONNEL IN VIETNAM 3,200 PRESIDENT OF THE US, JOHN F. KENNEDY IS DEALING WITH THE CUBAN MISSLE CRISIS AND THE BAY OF PIGS INVASION . THE US IS TERRIFIED WITH THE THREAT OF NUCLEAR WAR, IT IS A TIME OF FEAR AND ANXIETY.

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BAY OF PIGS AND CUBAN MISSLE CRISIS THESE TWO EVENTS WOULD BRING THE US AND RUSSIA FACE TO FACE. THEY WOULD ALSO LEAD TO THE DEEP HATE AND FEAR OF COMMUNISM ARISING AGAIN IN THE US, JUST AS IT HAD DURING THE RED SCARE. Socialism WAS AT THE GATE AND WANTED IN.

Slide 11

CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS

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THE KENNEDY’S “AMERICAN ROYALTY”

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EARLY YEARS OF THE WAR HE IS KILLED IN DALLAS, TX ON NOVEMBER 22, 1963 AND A NATION MOURNS. HE IS KILLED BY LEE HARVEY OSWALD, OR IS HE?

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JFK JR., SALUTING HIS FATHER AT HIS FUNERAL

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THE RIFLE THAT MAY HAVE KILLED JOHN F. KENNEDY

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ASSASIN OR PATSY?

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JFK ASSASSIN IS SHOT BY JACK RUBY

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IMPORTANT OFFICALS LYNDON JOHNSON: US PRESIDENT DEAN RUSK: SEC. OF STATE ROBERT McNAMARA: SEC. OF DEFENSE WILLIAM WESTMORELAND: GENERAL OF US ARMY J. EDGAR HOOVER: HEAD OF FBI

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WESTMORELAND & McNAMARA

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SHOULD WE STAY OR SHOULD WE GO MANY FEEL IF JFK HAD NOT BEEN KILLED HE WOULD HAVE PULLED THE UNITED STATES OUT OF THE WAR IN VIETNAM, WITH HIS DEATH LYNDON BAINES JOHNSON , THE VP BECAME PRESIDENT OF THE US LYNDON JOHNSON WAS DETERMINED TO DEFEAT THE VIET CONG AND WIN THE WAR IN SOUTHEAST ASIA.

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US INVOLVEMENT ESCULATES GULF OF TONKIN: US SHIPS ARE ATTACKED OR ARE THEY? AUG. 2, 1964 USS MADDOX AUG. 4, 1964 USS TURNER JOY GULF OF TONKIN RESOLUTION : DECLARES THAT THE US CAN USE FORCE TO PROTECT OUR INTRESTS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA

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IN 1965 THE US BEGAN A MASSIVE BOMBING CAMPIGN AGAINST THE NORTH VIETNAMESE. THESE AIR ATTACKS CALLED FLAMING DART I & II, AND ROLLING THUNDER, WOULD DEVESTATE THE LANDSCAPE OF VIETNAM, BUT PROVE UNEFFECTIVE THE AIR WAR

Slide 29

F-4E PHANTOMS

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DOUGLAS A-1 SKYRAIDER

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F-105 WILD WEASEL

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BELL HUEY UH-1

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B-52D

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F-4D LOADED FOR COMBAT

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B-52 STRATOFORTRESS

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B-66 USED IN ROLLING THUNDER

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A-7 COSAIR II

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KILLING THE COVER IN AN OPERATION CALLED RANCH HAND THE US AIR FORCE COVERED THE FORESTS OF SOUTHEAST ASIA WITH CHEMICALS TO KILL THE TREES THAT WERE HIDING THE VIET CONG, CHEMICALS LIKE AGENT ORANGE , PURPLE AND AGENT BLUE . VIET CONG-CHARLIE: ALL NICK NAMES FOR THE NORTH VIETNAMESE SOLDIERS

Slide 40

HO CHI MINH TRAIL

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AGENT ORANGE IT WAS A HERBICIDE USED TO KILL JUNGLE FOILIAGE IN VIETNAM THE VIET CONG USED THE JUNGLE AS COVER TO MOVE UNDETECTED FROM PLACE TO PLACE THE HO CHI MINH TRAIL , A TRAIL IN THE JUNGLE USED TO MOVE MEN AND WEAPONS, NEEDED TO BE FOUND AND DESTROYED.

Slide 43

CANOPY JUNGLE

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EFFECTS OF AGENT ORANGE CHEMICALS WERE USED FROM 1961 THROUGH 1969, SATURATING THE JUNGLES OF SE ASIA. DROPPED FROM PLANES THEY COVERED THE SOLDIERS AS WELL AS THE JUNGLE MANY CHEMICALS WERE USED BUT AGENT ORANGE WAS THE MOST WIDELY USED, ALSO MOST TOXIC

Slide 46

IN TEN YEARS THE US COVERED 23.8% OF VIETNAM WITH HERBICIDES THAT IS OVER 19,395,369 GALLONS OF CHEMICALS THIS CAUSED AND IS STILL CAUSING PROBLEMS FOR THOSE WHO INHALED OR INGESTED THE CHEMICAL. WE NEVER FOUND THE TRAIL BOTTOM LINE

Slide 47

PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE

Slide 48

AMERICAN BOYS SENT TO A FAR OFF PLACE TO DIE!

Slide 49

AVERAGE AGE: 19-21

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NORTH VIETNAM THE COMMUNIST COUNTRY FIGHTING FOR THEIR RIGHT TO CONTROL THEIR OWN LAND AND WILLING TO DIE FOR IT UNITED STATES THE OUTSIDE AGGRESSOR THAT WAS FIGHTING FOR DEMOCRACY AND IT’S SOLDIERS DID NOT BELIEVE IN OR WANT THE WAR TWO SIDES TO EVERY WAR

Slide 51

NORTH VIETNAMESE SOLDIER

Slide 52

1965 THE WAR HAS NOW ESCALATED IN THE US BOYS ARE BEING DRAFTED AT THE AGE OF 18 AND MANY ARE FEELING THAT THE WAR IS UNJUSTIFIED AND WRONG THE PROBLEMS BEGIN AT HOME WITH THE PEACE MOVEMENT AND THE FIGHT FOR CIVIL RIGHTS

Slide 53

“Life of a Soldier” Faced demise each second of ordinary Kill or be killed Loss of purity and inner voice No recovery Dangers all around (youngsters, ladies, elderly, creatures, creepy crawlies, traps) Chance of aggregate loss of reality

Slide 62

TWO WORLDS COLLIDE

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PEACE MOVEMENT

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THE PEACE MOVEMENT IN THE US YOUNG AMERICANS BEGIN TO PROTEST THE WAR IN VIETNAM, AT FIRST IT IS JUST A SMALL FRACTION OF SOCIETY DRUGS AND MUSIC BEGIN TO DEFINE THE YOUTH OF AMERICA HIPPIES: LONG HAIRED PROTESTORS BEGIN TO BECOME A CULTURAL COMMONALITY

Slide 65

THE PEACE MOVEMENT STUDENTS AT MAJOR UNIVERSITIES BEGIN PROTEST GROUPS TO COUNTER THE DRAFT AND OFTEN PEACEFUL PROTESTS TURNED VIOLENT, NOT BECAUSE OF STUDENTS. KENT STATE UNIVERSITY, 4 STUDENTS ARE KILLED IN A PROTEST BY RIOT SQUADS(May 4, 1970)

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DRAFT NOTICES: A DEATH SENTENCE?

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DRAFT LOTTERY

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PROTEST FOR PEACE YOUNG MEN BURNED DRAFT CARDS MANY YOUNG MEN FLED TO CANADA TO ESCAPE THE DRAFT OTHERS FILED AS OBJECTORS AND USED RELIGION AND BELIEFS TO ESCAPE THE DRAFT, OTHERS WENT TO JAIL (1,766.910)

Slide 70

MASSACRE AT My LAI LT. Corroded CALLEY OF COLUMBUS, GA AND HIS UNIT KILLED 500+ VIETNAMESE WOMEN, CHILDREN AND MEN IN A SMALL VILLAGE IN NAM AND BECAME THE VILLANS OF THE NATION CALLEY IS THE ONLY AMERICAN EVER TRIED AND CONVICTED OF A WAR CRIME. THIS EVENT WAS A BLACKEYE ON ALL AMERICAN SOLDIERS

Slide 74

A CULTURE OF PROTEST

Slide 75

WOODSTOCK 1969

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P E A C E A N D L O V E

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PROTEST AND CIVIL DISOBIDIENCE MANY PROTESTS WERE NOT PEACEFUL, SOME WERE VIOLENT MANY ORGANIZATIONS FELT THAT CIVIL DISOBIDENCE WAS THE ONLY WAY TO BRING ABOUT CHANGE GROUPS SUCH AS THE SDS, SNCC, AND THE BLACK PANTHERS LED THE MOVEMENT FOR RADICAL CHANGE

Slide 79

MARCHES MANY GROUPS ORGANIZED MARCHES ON THE NATIONS CAPITAL AND PROTESTED THE WAR WITH WORDS AND NOT VIOLENCE TO OFTEN HOWEVER THE EVENTS WERE TURNED INTO RIOTS BY GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS, EVEN INFILTRATORS

Slide 80

THE BLACK PANTHERS

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THE OTHER PROTESTORS

Slide 82

PROTESTING TO THE EXTREME: BUDDHIST MONK

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PROTESTS FOR CIVIL RIGHTS MEN SUCH AS DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING LED THE WAY FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS TO FREEDOM HE PROTESTED FOR EQUAL RIGHTS AND DID SO NONVIOLENTLY HE BELIEVED THAT VIOLENCE ONLY LED TO MORE VIOLENCE, JUST AS GHANDI HAD TAUGHT IN INDIA

Slide 84

DR. Ruler HE WAS A MAN OF GREAT PRESENCE AND EDUCATION, WHO SPOKE WITH THE VOICE OF HIS PEOPLE AND ALL PEOPLE. HIS VOICE WAS SILENCED BY A BULLET ON APRIL 4, 1968 IN MEMPHIS, TN SHOT AND KILLED BY JAMES EARL RAY, OR WAS HE ?

Slide 85

DR. Ruler IMAGES OF A MAN

Slide 86

HIS DREAM

Slide 87

DR. Ruler AND CIVIL RIGHTS HIS DEATH HELPED TO BRING ABOUT THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1968 HIS LIFE WAS SHORT, BUT HIS WORDS WILL LIVE ON FOREVER HE WAS PERHAPS THE GREATEST MAN IN AMERICAN HISTORY, HIS WORDS FREED A NATION!!!

Slide 88

WAR CONTINUES DESPITE PROTEST AS PROTESTS ESCULATED, SO DID THE WAR, BY 1966 THE US HAD 190,000 TROOPS IN VIETNAM, MOST OF WHICH WERE DRAFTEES! BY 1969 THE US WOULD HAVE 550,000 TROOPS IN VIETNAM THE WAR WAS GOING NOWHERE, THE VIET CONG WOULD NOT QUIT FIGHTING.

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THE WAR AT HOME THIS WAS THE FIRST AMERICAN WAR TO BE BROADCAST EACH AND EVERY NIGHT ON NATIONAL TV PARENTS WOULD OFTEN SEE THEIR SON’S DEAD ON TV BEFORE THE GOVERNMENT COULD NOTIFY THEM THIS CAUSED GREAT HATE IN THE AMERICAN PUBLIC, THE WAR WAS TOO REAL FOR MANY.

Slide 91

ALL EFFORTS FAIL ALL EFFORTS TO WIN VIETNAM WERE FAILING THE AIR WAR WAS UNSUCCESSFUL THE GROUND WAR WAS TAKING TO MANY LIVES, & ACCOMPLISHING NOTHING. THE VIETCONG WERE HARD TO FIND AND EVEN HARDER TO KILL, DUE TO MASSIVE NUMBERS.

Slide 92

AT HOME SOLDIERS CAME BACK TO THE STATES ONLY TO BE SPIT ON AND CALLED BABY KILLERS THE WAR WAS EXTREMELY UNPOPULAR ALL AROUND THE COMMON AMERICAN SAW NO GLORY IN THIS WAR AS THEY HAD IN WARS PAST

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JOHNSON OUT NIXON IN PRESIDENT JOHNSON LEAVES OFFICE AND IS REPLACED BY RICHARD NIXON IN 1969 1968: THE TET OFFENSIVE DESTROYS A HUGE AMOUNT OF THE US’S FORCES IN VIETNAM AND THE WAR IS BEGINNING TO FALL APART

Slide 94

AT HOME THE PROTESTS CONTINUED AND EVEN OLD

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