Voter Introductions.


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The United States as an anomaly. Rate saying they
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2 February, 2010 Voter Orientations

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Office hours Georgios Tuesdays 1-2; 4-5 (A236B) Siim Thursday 2pm-3pm (A232) Friday 10am-11am (A232)

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Essay Topics Handout

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Review Institutions and appointive rivalry Is there a connection?

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Nature and Acquisition of Opinions and Values Rational decision Socialization or DNA?

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Nature and Acquisition of Opinions and Values Process by which one procures values and creates conclusions is called socialization . Specialists of socialization Family and Friends School Media (news, moderately new media, delicate news, stimulation) Lifetime Learning: new employments, new companions, new neighborhoods

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Nature and Acquisition of Opinions and Values (II) Are we wired to be a liberal or preservationist? Twin Studies indistinguishable twins will probably concede to political issues than were congenial twins. Charges - (four-fifths of indistinguishable twins had the same feeling, while just 66% of congenial twins concurred).

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Mean Placement of Ideological Beliefs by Country

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Ideology by Voter Participation Source: British Election Study, 2005

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Gender and Ideology Britain United States Source: British Election Study, 2005 and American National Election Study, 2008

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Age and Ideology Britain United States Source: British Election Study, 2005 and American National Electoin Study, 2008

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Social Group Basis of Ideology (United States) Source: Center for American Progress

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The United States as an exception Percentage saying they "totally concur" with the accompanying articulation: "It is the duty of the state to deal with extremely destitute individuals who can\'t deal with themselves"

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Attitudes about Taxes and Spending Source: British Election Study, 2005

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Opinions on Issues Source: British Election Study, 2005

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Political Engagement

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Political Engagement Source: British Election Study, 2005

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Ideology and the Vote Source: British Election Study, 2005

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The idea of Party Identification Psychological connection to parties Perceptual screen Habitual connection to gatherings that persists into voting, ie. "party followers" Party marks serve as a "sign" or "easy route" for voting especially in low data decisions.

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Measuring Party recognizable proof in Canada In government legislative issues, do you ordinarily consider yourself a Liberal, Conservative, N.D.P., Reform, Bloc Quebecois, or none of these? How emphatically (Liberal, Conservative,N.D.P., Reform, Bloc Quebecois) do you feel, unequivocally, reasonably strongly,or not firmly? Do you for the most part consider yourself being somewhat more like one of the government parties than the others? Which gathering is that?

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Measuring Party Identification in the US "As a rule, do you more often than not consider yourself a Republican, a Democrat, and Independent, for sure?" Persons who call themselves Republicans or Democrats are then asked: "Would you call yourself a solid (Republican, Democrat) or a not extremely solid (Republican, Democrat). People who call themselves Independents, reply "no inclination," or name another gathering are solicited : "Do you think from yourself as nearer to the Republican or to the Democratic party?"

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Measuring Party ID in Britain Generally speaking,do you consider yourself Conservative, Labor, Liberal Democrat, Scottish Nationalist Party,Plaid Cymru, Green Party, for sure? Do you for the most part consider yourself somewhat more like one of the gatherings than the others? In the event that YES, which party? Would you call yourself extremely solid (Conservative,Labour,Liberal Democrat, Scottish Nationalist Party,Plaid Cymru,Green Party),fairly solid, or not exceptionally solid?

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Ideology and Partisanship

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Changes in Party Id (Britain)

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Social Class and Party Identification, 1964-2001

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Trend in Labor Partisanship, April 2004 – March 2008

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Trends in Partisanship (1952-2008)

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Party Identification and Leadership Evaluations

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Party id and the Vote (Britain)

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Implications - Polarization Electoral rivalry in the United States now has all the earmarks of being organized by philosophy The American open seems, by all accounts, to be progressively isolated into two gatherings: the politically connected with, who view legislative issues in ideological terms, and the politically withdrew, who don\'t. Interestingly, belief system in Britain is less of component. Constituent rivalry is organized around "valence issues" as opposed to strategy contrasts.