Water Soluble Vitamins .


40 views
Uploaded on:
Category: Home / Real Estate
Description
Water Soluble Vitamins. Susan Algert. Water Soluble Vitamins. Thiamin Pantothenic Acid Riboflavin Biotin Niacin Vitamin C Vitamin B-6 Folate Vitamin B-12. Fat vs. Water Soluble Vitamins. Water soluble vitamins.
Transcripts
Slide 1

Water Soluble Vitamins Susan Algert

Slide 2

Water Soluble Vitamins Thiamin Pantothenic Acid Riboflavin Biotin Niacin Vitamin C Vitamin B-6 Folate Vitamin B-12

Slide 3

Fat versus Water Soluble Vitamins

Slide 4

Water dissolvable vitamins Susceptible to warmth Kidney evacuates and discharges abundance Vitamin C, thiamin and riboflavin are particularly vulnerable to warmth and alkilinity Hydrophilic and water will filter them from vegetables Preferred strategies are steaming, panfry and microwave

Slide 5

B vitamins go about as co-chemicals

Slide 6

Thiamin Sulfur containing and nitrogen containing rings joined to carbon iotas Part of nerve cell films—orchestrate and control neurotransmitters Functions in vitality digestion system—vitamin bit of TPP; assumes part in decarboxylation and structures Acetyl Co A from pyruvate

Slide 7

Thiamin Dietary Recommendation RDA for grown-up men is 1.2 mg for ladies is 1.1 mg for each day Higher needs in pregnancy; most eating regimens with assortment and satisfactory vitality supply adequate thiamin

Slide 8

Thiamin Deficiency Heavy liquor utilization with deficient nourishment utilization ; liquor meddles with assimilation (Wernicke-Korsakoff disorder); poor and elderly at hazard for not eating adequate vitality

Slide 9

Thiamin Deficiency/Toxicities Beri Impaired muscle withdrawals Impaired cardiovascular capacity, edema and muscle jerks Decreased neurological capacity and memory misfortune

Slide 10

Thiamin sustenance sources Pork Whole and advanced grains Fortified oats Most creature sustenances contain little thiamin

Slide 11

Riboflavin Involved in vitality digestion system; a portion of two co-catalysts, FMN and FAD Participate in citrus extract cycle and beta oxidation and electron transport Remove alkali amid deamination of some amino acids Associated with cancer prevention agent glutathione peroxidase

Slide 12

Dietary Recommendations for Riboflavin RDA is 1.1 mg for ladies and 1.3 mg for men for every day Pregnancy and lactation increment vitality needs and requirement for riboflavin

Slide 13

Food Sources Most plant and creature sustenances Milk and drain beverages and yogurt supply around 15% in the American eating routine Fortified oats, bread and bread items contribute around 10% One of four vitamins added to improved items

Slide 14

Deficiency/Toxicity Deficiencies are uncommon albeit a few people may take in peripheral sums Drug and liquor clients and limited caloric admission Ariboflavinosis Toxicity– not watched

Slide 15

Niacin (Nicotinic Acid) Made from tryptophan; crucial supplement if protein admission is lacking 60 mg tryptophan believers to 1 mg niacin RDA is 14-16 NE/day for grown-ups NE incorporate preformed and niacin got from tryptophan

Slide 16

Functions of Niacin NAD and NADP assume enter part in oxidation-lessening responses Helps change over pyruvate to lactate Coenzyme segment that takes an interest in more than 200 metabolic responses

Slide 17

Food Sources Preformed niacin from meat, poultry angle and enhanced or entire grain items Beef and handled meats are considerable patrons in U.S. abstain from food Stable when warmed Tryptophan found in protein rich creature sustenances

Slide 18

Niacin inadequacy Pellagra Epidemic in southwest in mid 1900\'s as corn got to be staple; niacin is bound by protein Deficiencies found in southeast if subsisting on eating regimen of corn, molasses and salt pork International wellbeing issue

Slide 19

Medicinal employments of niacin Lowers blood levels of LDL cholesterol Raises HDL cholesterol Doses of 1,300 mg to 3,000 mg for every day Side impacts incorporate liver variations from the norm UL for niacin is 35 mgms every day Taken just under restorative supervision

Slide 20

Biotin Function basic in vitality digestion system ; TCA cycle and gluconeogenesis Bound to chemicals as a co-element and prerequisite is little No RDA; AI is 30 micrograms/day Deficiency uncommon and harmfulness not seen

Slide 21

Pantothenic Acid Component of Co catalyst An; included in vitality digestion system No RDA; AI is 5 mg/day Deficiency is uncommon (dermatitis, male pattern baldness, dejection) Toxicity is uncommon

Slide 22

Vitamin B-6 Forms incorporate pyridoxal, pyridoxine, and pyridoxamine and phosphorylated shapes Functions incorporate support of more than 100 diverse compound responses including : exchange of amino gathering, carboxyl gathering or water Enzymes bolster protein digestion system, platelet combination, CHO digestion system, neurotransmitter union

Slide 23

Dietary Recommendations and Sources RDA is 1-3 mg/day; TUL =100 mg/day Deficiency side effects incorporate shortcoming, sleep deprivation, sorrow, peevishness Sources incorporate invigorated grains, meat, angle, poultry, dull vegetables and noncitrus natural products Heat delicate; a great many people get enough

Slide 24

B6 Toxicity and Medicinal Use Megadoses of up to 2,000 mg/day can bring about irreversible nerve harm Large measurements used to treat PMS or in push equations UL is 100 mg/day High dosages taken just under therapeutic supervision

Slide 25

Folate Converts vitamin B-12 to coenzyme frame Supports DNA blend and cell replication and development Along with B12 and B6, may diminish chance for coronary illness Tetrahydrofolic corrosive (THFA) is coenzyme with five dynamic structures

Slide 26

Dietary Recommendations and Deficiency RDA is 400ug/day (is it most common vitamin insufficiency?) TUL is 1000 ug/day Deficiency causes macrocytic sickliness, NTD Toxicity covers vitamin B12 lack Dietary folate equivalents= higher bioavailability of supplemental folate versus folate in sustenances

Slide 27

Folate in nourishments Fortified prepared to eat oats Dark green verdant vegetables Asparagus Broccoli Orange juice Wheat germ Legumes

Slide 28

Vitamin B-12-Cyanocobalamin Cobalamin or cobalt containing mixes Transfers methyl bunch from folate coenzyme THFA to make dynamic shape; B12 insufficiency prompts folate inadequacy Dietary suggestions 2.4 ugm/day for men and ladies Atrophic gastritis diminishes bioavailability in grown-ups more than 51

Slide 29

Vitamin B-12 Absorption R-protein pancreatic chemicals Intrinsic consider Bacteria the stomach Gastric corrosive creation

Slide 30

B12 in the eating regimen RDA is 2.4 ugm every day; B12 not present in plant sustenances Animals store abundance B12 in tissues Mixed sustenances with creature protein contribute most B12 lack more often than not happens because of disabled retention Vegans at hazard

Slide 31

Deficiency sickness is noxious sickliness Megaloblasts and macrocytes as opposed to typical red platelets Brain anomalies and spinal line degeneration which can be deadly Pernicious paleness assaults parietal cells and lessens characteristic component and stomach corrosive

Slide 32

Functions of Vitamin C Antioxidant—gives electron minimizing free radical harm; Recycles oxidized vitamin E for reuse Collagen union Stabilizes decreased type of folate catalyst Enhances ingestion of non-heme press Helps integrate carnitine Proper working of resistant framework

Slide 33

Vitamin C lack/lethality Scurvy Breakdown gums and joints Bone agony, loose bowels, cracks, weariness UL is 2,000 mg for every day Can upgrade oxidation when expended in high measurements without different cancer prevention agents

Slide 34

Dietary Recommendations RDA is 90 mg for men and 75 mg for ladies for every day Smokers require +35 mg for each day Food sources incorporate potatoes, citrus organic products, broccoli, verdant greens Highly powerless against warmth and oxidation

Slide 35

Vitamin like mixes Choline Inositol Carnitine Lipoic corrosive

Recommended
View more...