Web History - Japan.


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Draft. Web History - Japan. Aug. 24, 2003 Kazunori Konishi. Targets. (1) Recording of the Pioneers' endeavors (2) Study on specialized pattern for contributing the assets.
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Draft Internet History - Japan Aug. 24, 2003 Kazunori Konishi 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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Objectives (1) Recording of the Pioneers’ endeavors (2) Study on specialized pattern for contributing the assets. (3) Lessons Learned from the History for the new issues; human instinct won\'t change, however political or specialized situations may confront the enormous changes. =>> “Grass roots activities” ought to be founded on human instinct; ex. AP* exercises. 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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Big Picture in Japan 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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Number of RFCs by Japanese 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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Over Provisioning of the data transmission Demand in Asia is around 10 Gbps now. Issue: How would we be able to conquer any hindrance? Sound business of telecom transporters ought to be secured. 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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Following pages are separated from my presentation at IWS2001. <small modifications are made for this meeting> http://www.jp.apan.net/gatherings/IWS2001 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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History & Future of Asia-Pacific Research Networks Feb. 22, 2001 Kazunori Konishi (APAN NOC Director) IWS2001 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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IWS2001 Contents History Issues Future This presentation concentrates on the worldwide exercises, join proprietors and legitimate issues. Unpleasant perceptions are depicted and slip-ups may be found in this presentation. 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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History of International Networks IWS2001 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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ALOHAnet(1980) Lead by Professor Norman Abramson @ U-Hawaii : starting point of Ethernet Coordinated at Pacific Telecom-munications Council(PTC) Professor Oizumi @ Tohoku-U joined the system. NASA(KDD) gave the satellite circuit, suggested by MPT KDD was rich, with the syndication & high cost of the administrations. 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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IWS2001 UUCPnet/Usenet(1985) Operated by KDD Labs. on a volunteer premise. PSTN & PSDN were utilized. The accomplices got to be popularized later on: UUnet, Eunet. “Membership” permitted the operation over people in general systems, with no permit. Constrained assets were designated, in light of the fact that OSI was promising in those days. 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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IWS2001 BITNET(1985) IBM gave the circuit & supplies, advancing SNA. Science University of Tokyo(SUT) composed private colleges. The US force empowered to utilize the rented circuit with no permit. 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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WIDE(1989) Jun Murai composed the huge number of specialists at business organizations & colleges. (Murai had composed UUCP household system “JUNET”) U-Hawaii’s PACCOM venture sorted out AP local systems. Governments were still determined in OSI, however they knew OSI was being vanquished. (US Gov. likewise pronounced the selection of OSI items) Industries & Universities obliged the “illegal?” exercises of WIDE. 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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IWS2001 SINET(1992) Government was compelled to receive TCP/IP notwithstanding OSI. OSI was the essential convention for some time. The enormous spending plan empowered the expansive participation. A Ministry can utilize the rented circuit with no permit; not progressive system among governments. Government is not all that adaptable. 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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APAN(1998) NSF obliged the travel administrations over TransPAC join. The proprietors of point-to-point connections began the worked together operations. AP Regional systems were produced with a center point in Tokyo. The foundations with cutting edge examination ventures are permitted to utilize TransPAC join. 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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IWS2001 Issues NGI versus Business Networks NGI: test, Commercial: unwavering quality Cost Sharing of International connections Dispute between USA versus “Europe & Asia” IT Strategy Headquarters versus Governments Do the Japanese embrace/like a progressive government framework? Phone administrations will be assumed control by the Internet. 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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IWS2001 NGI versus Business Networks NGI Testbed systems for fast applications Premature advances ought to be tested. Should lead the sending of the propelled innovations. Business Networks Reliable operation is basic. Business arranged. 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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IWS2001 Cost Sharing in the middle of USA and alternate areas. “Fair cost sharing” were broadly examined in ITU and in addition in Inter-government ventures; it was asked for that US ought to pay more for the universal connections. Globalization of ISP organizations appears to take care of the issue. NSF’s HPIIS appears to diminish the issue until further notice. 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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Cost partaking in AP district Economy in AP locale is very different. AP nations are less sorted out than Europe. Expense sharing is exceptionally troublesome. Conceivable arrangements are One nation pays for the entire connection. Every nation pays for the half connection. Travel administration is presently accessible; a debt of gratitude is in order for NSF’s HPIIS. IWS2001 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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IWS2001 IT Strategy Headquarters versus Governments Can IT Strategy Headquarters be free from the other government organizations? Could IT Strategy Headquarters compose the system architects, for example, JET in USA? Do the administration organizations acknowledge the organization by IT Strategy Headquarters? 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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IWS2001 Telephone over the Internet(1) International circuits(estimation) Bandwidth: phone versus Web = 1 : 10 Budget: phone versus Web = 10 : 1 Telephone is the quality included administration: 100 times than the Internet. Taken a toll for each International transfer speed Cable limit will increment more than twice every year. Taken a toll for every data transfer capacity may diminish 30%~ every year. Expense relies on upon the repetitive limit. 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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Telephone over the Internet(2) Telephone has been supplanted and will be supplanted by the Internet. Fax over PSTN has been supplanted by the Internet. Telephone over PSTN will be step by step supplanted by the Internet. The data transmission of the Internet can be significantly expanded by sparing “Phone service”. IWS2001 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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IWS2001 Future Higher velocity applications will be conveyed. Higher velocity in both supporter & spine connections will be needed. PSTN will be a reinforcement system of the Internet for the telephone administrations sooner rather than later. Joint operation of NGI systems is discriminating in the present society in JP; every administration office will extend/keep the monetary allowance for NGI exercises. The transmission capacity of the Internet will be significantly expanded, assuming control lavish Phone administrations. 2003 Busan AP*Retreat Meeting

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IWS2001 Summary NGI in Japan will be mutually worked by different government organizations : APAN2? Expense sharing in the middle of USA and AP/EU ought to be talked about again for the post-HPIIS venture; worldwide ISPs won\'t exist in NGI. We additionally ought to demonstrat to US nationals are getting the advantages from HPIIS venture. The Internet has confronted & will confront with lawful issues . NGI will drastically build the data transfer capacity, assuming control telephone administrations and in addition lessening the circuit\'s expense. 200

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