Weight Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1985.


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No Information <10% 10%–14%. Corpulence Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1985. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5' 4" lady). No Information <10% 10%–14%. Heftiness Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1986. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5' 4" lady).
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No Data <10% 10%–14% Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1985 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady)

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No Data <10% 10%–14% Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1986 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady)

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No Data <10% 10%–14% Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1987 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady)

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No Data <10% 10%–14% Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1988 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady)

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No Data <10% 10%–14% Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1989 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady)

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No Data <10% 10%–14% Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1990 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady)

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No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1991 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady)

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No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1992 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady)

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No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1993 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady)

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No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1994 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady)

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No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1995 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady)

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No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1996 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady)

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No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20 Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1997 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady)

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No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20 Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1998 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady)

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No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20 Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 1999 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady)

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No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20 Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 2000 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady)

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Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 2001 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25%

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Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 2002 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” lady) (*BMI  30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’4” man) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25% Source: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, CDC

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Obesity* Trends Among U.S. Grown-ups BRFSS, 2003 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” man) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25%

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History of Weight Control

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History of Weight Control

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History of Weight Control

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Percent of grown-ups who are overweight or large

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Percent of grown-ups who are overweight or hefty 65% 2/3 of grown-ups are overweight or corpulent

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Excess Body Weight and Reduction of Lifespan - 3.1 - 3.3 - 5.8 - 7.1 Ann Intern Med. 2003;138:24-32

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Diabetes Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1990 Source: Mokdad et al., Diabetes Care 2000;23:1278-83.

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Diabetes Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1991-92 Source: Mokdad et al., Diabetes Care 2000;23:1278-83.

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Diabetes Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1993-94 Source: Mokdad et al., Diabetes Care 2000;23:1278-83.

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Diabetes Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1995-96 Source: Mokdad et al., Diabetes Care 2000;23:1278-83.

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Diabetes Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1995 Source: Mokdad et al., Diabetes Care 2000;23:1278-83.

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Diabetes Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1997-98 Source: Mokdad et al., Diabetes Care 2000;23:1278-83.

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Diabetes Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 1999 Source: Mokdad et al., Diabetes Care 2001;24:412.

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Diabetes Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 2000 Source: Mokdad et al., J Am Med Assoc 2001;286:10 .

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Diabetes Among Adults in the U.S., BRFSS 2001 Source: Mokdad et al., J Am Med Assoc 2001;286:10 .

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Lifetime Risk of Diabetes for Children Born in 2000 Venkat Narayan, JAMA 2003;290:1884

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Diabetes and Reduction in Lifespan - 14.3 yrs - 11.6 yrs JAMA 2003;290:1884-1890

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Life Expectancy in the U.S. 2-5 year decrease in future

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Lifetime Risk for Chronic Diseases NCI Canada, 2.0; Lancet 1999;353:89

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How People Died in 2003 Cancer 24 % Accidents Suicide Infections Kidney disappointment Lung disappointment Others… 40% Cardiovascular Disease 36%

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How People Died in 2003 CVD Cancer Other Up to 70% of all reasons for death are way of life related and preventable The Culprit and The Cure, 2005

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National pervasiveness of way of life related wellbeing dangers CDC, BRFSS, 2002

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Percent of Selected Chronic Diseases That Are Likely Avoidable 91% 82% 71% 70% Sources: Stampfer, 2000; Platz, 2000; Hu, 2001

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How could we have been able to we arrive in such a state?

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5-a-day = $1 million Food Marketing = $25 Billion

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Advertising

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Type of Fat and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease CVD hazard Hu, New Eng J Med1997

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347,877 lives

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Lung growth and vegetable admission Relative danger Vegetable admission grams/day Am Inst for Cancer Research, 1997

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Stomach malignancy and vegetable admission Relative danger Vegetable admission grams/day Am Inst for Cancer Research, 1997

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Stomach tumor and organic product consumption Relative danger Fruit admission grams/day Am Inst for Cancer Research, 1997

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Unpaired Electrons

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Free radicals can: Disrupt or annihilate cells Damage DNA, lipid films, mitochondria, and proteins Disrupt key capacities

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DNA in every cell gets a “hit” from a free radical at regular intervals Each cell gets 10,000 hits/day

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Cancer passings by age, in 2001 80% of all growths happen after age 55

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Where do free radicals originate from? Most are created by our own bodies UV light smoldered sustenance dangerous chemicals Industrial car contamination obscure sources

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Cigarette Smoke One puff of smoke contains: 100,000,000,000,000,000 free radical species Tobacco is in charge of 31% of all tumors

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Cancer passing and smoking Relative danger Number of cigarettes/day

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If you are a smoker… - 14.5 yrs - 13.2 yrs MMWR 1997;46:444-51

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How would we secure our selves?

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Carotenoids Beta-carotene Lycopene Lutein Zeaxanthin Organosulfurs Flavinoids Phytosterols Alkaloids Tannins Saponins 100,000 more we have yet to distinguish Phytochemicals

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Our Current (Western) Lifestyle Little Physical Activity Red meat Processed meat Butter Potatoes Refined grains High fat dairy sustenances

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Adopt and Maintain A Healthy Lifestyle Learn Why way of life is critical Learn What a solid way of life is Learn How to keep up great practices forever

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Difference in Years of Life Between High and Low Health Risk Frazier, Arch Intern Med. 2001;161:1645

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Low versus High Health Risks and Life Expectancy (aggregate) Age Frazier et al,Arch Intern Med. 2001;161:1645

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Real and Possible Changes in Life Span (7 th Day Adventists) ? ? Fraser et al. Curve Intern Med, 2001;161:1645-1652

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Real and Possible Changes in Life Span (Mormon High Priests and wives) ? ? Mormon High Priests and Wives, Enstrom, UCLA, 1989

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What Can I Expect on the off chance that I Reduce My Health Risks? 10 to 20 years of augmented, astounding living

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Compression of Morbidity Lifespan in years 0 76 Chronic inability Ann Intern Med, 2003:139:455-459

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Compression of Morbidity Lifespan in years 0 76 86 ? Interminable incapacity

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Reductions of Near Death Morbidity Lifespan in years Morbidity Lifespan in years

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With a Healthy Lifestyle Life compass can build Chronic handicap can be deferred from 7-12 years The measure of close demise bleakness is decreased by 75

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