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HBV-Hepatitis B Virus. HCV-Hepatitis C Virus. HCC-Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Hepatitis ... Razor. Unsanitary Body Piercings Tattoos. Word related/Home ...
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Slide 1

Welcome Hepatitis Overview Ho_ovr.ppt

Slide 2

Overview Briefly Discuss Hepatitis A, B Focus on Hepatitis C

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Acronyms HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus HAV-Hepatitis A Virus HBV-Hepatitis B Virus HCV-Hepatitis C Virus HCC-Hepatocellular Carcinoma

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Hepatitis Inflammation of the Liver Fibrosis, Cirrhosis HCC-Hepatocellular Carcinoma

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Hepatitis A (HAV) Transmitted Fecal/Oral Route -Contaminated Food or Water -Sexual Activity -Dirty Diapers, Daycare Centers Vaccine Preventable

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Hepatitis B (HBV) Transmitted Similar to HIV – Sex or Sharing Needles/Works With Street Drugs. Word related Exposure. Some Can be Carriers for quite a long time. Antibody Preventable.

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Hepatitis C (HCV) Believed in United States over _____ years. 1970\'s –1980\'s known as ________ Named Hepatitis C in ______ No Vaccine

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HCV - Scope of the Problem _____ % of the General Population _____ million individuals tainted in the U.S. ___________ accepted contaminated in Texas ___________ Deaths Annually in U.S.

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HCV Transmission Blood Transfusion - Prior July, 1992 IDU-Sharing of Needles or "works" Hemophilia – Treatments Prior to 1987 Hemodialysis – Kidney Dialysis Perinatal Occupational

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HCV Sexual Transmission "… Inefficiently spread through this way" source: CDC MMWR Oct 16, 1998, vol 47/RR-19 Long Term Monogamous Couples– Low yet Not Zero Number of Partners & History of STD\'s May be a Factor

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HCV Disease Process Most stay in Chronic Condition Years/Decades ____-____% Develop Cirrhosis ; ____-____% Develop HCC Most kick the bucket "With" Hepatitis C, not "From" Hepatitis C

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HCV Treatment Most Common Combination-Interferon/Ribavirin Usually _____ or _____ Weeks Treatment May Not be Appropriate for Every Client

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HCV Prevention Remember HCV is Blood Borne Avoid Sharing Toothbrush – Razor Unsanitary Body Piercings – Tattoos Occupational/Home/Office –Always Use ___________ ________.

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HCV Resources Hepatitis C Support Groups Most Major Cities www.texasliver.org  Support Groups HCV Web Resources www.tdh.state.tx.us/thoughts/factsht/factsht.htm www.cdc.gov/hepatitis www.liverfoundation.org

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HCV - In Summary Estimated - 3.9 Million Infected in U. S. Named Hepatitis C in 1989 HCV Transmission is Bloodborne Treatment May/May Not be Appropriate

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