WELCOME TO PRESENTATION ON Advanced Substance Era AND THEIR Administration AT A.I.R. RANCHI A Contextual analysis.


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Though THE RETRO CONVERSION OF OLD SPOOL TAPE RECORDINGS ARE BEING DONE IN ... By tongue, By the name of principle vocalist, By title/first line of the melody, By ...
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Slide 1

WELCOME TO PRESENTATION ON DIGITAL CONTENT GENERATION AND THEIR MANAGEMENT AT A.I.R. RANCHI A CASE STUDY BY BHASKAR KARN & RAJESH KARMAHE

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COVERAGE WHY DIGITISATION ALL INDIA RADIO (A.I.R.) RANCHI AND ITS LIBRARY CHOICE OF DIGITAL CONTAINER/STORAGE MEDIA FOR DIGITAL AUDIO DIGITAL AUDIO CONTENT GENERATION

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DATABASE CREATION, UPDATING AND MAINTENANCE FOR DIGITAL CONTENTS (AUDIO) STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL SYSTEM

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WHY DIGITISATION "Spare THE TIME OF THE USER" BORDERLESS WORLD COST TECHNOLOGY DEMAND OF 24×7 SERVICE INFORMATION IS GROWING ORGANISM

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"THE CORE MANDATE OF AKASHWANI (A.I.R.) IS \'TO INFORM\', \'TO EDUCATE\' AND \'TO ENTERTAIN\' THROUGH SPOKEN WORD AND MUSIC. WHILE INFORMATION IS DELIVERED IN WORDS EDUCATION AND ENTERTAINMENT UTILIZE EITHER WORD OR WORD AND MUSIC BOTH".

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ALL INDIA RADIO (A.I.R.) RANCHI AND ITS LIBRARY ALL INDIA RADIO (A.I.R.) RANCHI , THE PUBLIC SERVICE BROADCASTER OF JHARKHAND BEGAN ITS SERVICE ON 27 JULY 1957 WITH THE OBJECTIVE TO INFORM , EDUCATE AND ENTERTAIN THE PUBLIC OF THIS REGION

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THE NEWLY EVOLVING DIGITAL Program LIBRARY AT A.I.R. RANCHI MAY BE CALLED AS THE REGIONAL DIGITAL AUDIO ARCHIVE OF JHARKHHAND AS IT IS THE ONLY TREASURE HOUSE OF OLD AND PRECIOUS RECORDING OF REGIONAL FOLK MUSIC AND SPOKEN WORDS PERTAINING TO THE EMINENT PERSONALITIES

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WHEREAS THE RETRO CONVERSION OF OLD SPOOL TAPE RECORDINGS ARE BEING DONE IN DIGITAL FORMAT, THE STUDIOS HAVE ALREADY BEEN EQUIPPED WITH DIGITAL AUDIO WORKSTATIONS TO FACILITATE HARD DISK BASED SYSTEM (HDBS) OF RECORDING

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THE LAN CONNECTING THE TRANSMISSION CONTROL ROOM WITH VARIOUS STUDIOS AND LIBRARIES ARE IN THE PROCESS OF COMPLETION.

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DIGITAL AUDIO CONTENTS OR BORN – DIGITAL AUDIO FILES HAVE BEEN STARTED TO BE GENERATED , ORGANIZED AND RETRIEVED FOR BROADCAST PURPOSE SUCCESSFULLY AND THUS THE FOCUS OF THE LIBRARY PROFESSIONALS HAS BEEN SHIFTING FROM PHYSICAL LIBRARY MANAGEMENT TO THE DIGITAL CONTENTS GENERATION AND THEIR MANAGEMENT.

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DIGITAL CONTENTS (AUDIO) GENERATION AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM COMPRISES THE FOLLOWING COMPONENTS I)        CHOICE OF DIGITAL CONTAINER/STORAGE MEDIA II)      HANDLING AND CARE OF THE DIGITAL CONTAINER III)    DIGITAL CONTENTS GENERATION , I.E., A) GETTING SET TO RECORD , B) HARD DISK BASED SYSTEM (HDBS) OF AUDIO RECORDING , & C) PACKAGING (CUTTING, DUBBING, EDITING ,ETC.) OF DIGITAL CONTENTS. IV)    DATABASE CREATION FOR DIGITAL CONTENTS STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL SYSTEM. V)IPR OR COPYRIGHT LAW CONSIDERATION

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CHOICE OF DIGITAL CONTAINER/STORAGE MEDIA FOR DIGITAL AUDIO EXCEPT FOR LIVE EVENTS BROADCAST, RADIO BROADCAST HAS ALWAYS BEEN DEPENDENT ON THE STORAGE MEDIA SO THAT THE CONTENTS TO BE BROADCAST COULD BE EDITED TO MAKE THEM PRESENTABLE AND CONFORMING TO THE LAW OF THE LAND AS WELL AS NORMS AND ETHICS OF THE CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY AND LATER ON THE PACKAGED INFORMATION COULD BE RETRIEVED AT THE TIME OF POSSIBLE USE

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Audio Sl. No. Sort of Media Year of Introduction (Approx.) Linear/Non-direct Storage Capacity Sampling Rate No. of Bits Compression 1 DAT (Digital Audio Tape) 1980 Linear up to 24 GB 32 KHz 32/44.1/48 KHz 12 16 No 2 Mini Disk 1990 Non-direct 140 MB ATRAC (A sound codec) 3 Flash Card 1990 Non-straight up to 2 GB Any Possible 4 Compact Disk (CD) 1980 Non-straight 700 MB 44.1 KHz 16 Possible in information design 5 Digital Versatile Disk (DVD) 1990 Non-direct 15.9 GB 192 KHz 24 Yes, MLP 6 Hard Disk 1950 Non-straight 300 GB + Any Possible 7 USB 1990 Non-straight 2 GB + Any Possible 8 Memory Stick 1990 Non-straight 2 GB + Any Possible

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AT PRESENT, COMPACT Disk AND ITS VARIATIONS, I.E. Album R, AND CD-RW ARE EXTENSIVELY USED IN A.I.R. TO KEEP BACK-UP OF VARIOUS Programs. SINCE FILM AND CLASSICAL MUSIC ARE RELEASED BY THE VARIOUS MUSIC COMPANIES IN WAVE FORMAT AND ARE MADE AVAILABLE IN CDS ONLY, THE CD MEDIA HAS BECOME COMPULSORY FOR PROCUREMENT OF OUTSOURCED Program DUE TO COPYRIGHT ISSUES INVOLVED WITH THEM.

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HANDLING AND CARE OF STORAGE MEDIA i)WRITE ON THE CDS/DVDS ONLY WITH FELT TIPPED PENS. Else IT WILL BE SPOILT. II) HANDLE WITH CARE SO THAT CDS/DVDS ARE NOT SCRATCHED. III) TAKE A BACKUP WHENEVER YOU ARE WRITING A CD/DVD. IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT SUITABLE ANTIVIRUS SOFTWARE MUST BE INSTALLED IN ALL THE SYSTEMS.

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IV) PERIODICALLY CLEAN THE CD/DVD TRAY SO THAT NO DUST REMAIN WHICH SCRATCH CDS/DVDS. V) IF AT ALL ANY DIRT OR FUNGUS FORMS ON THE CDS/DVDS , CLEAN IT WITH PLAIN WATER AND SOFT CLOTH TO REMOVE MOISTURE.

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VI) CLEAN THE CD/DVD DRIVE LENS WITH LENS CLEANER CD REGULARLY. VII) USE GOOD QUALITY CD/DVD FOR COPYING THE FINALIZED Program. OTHER WISE THE CD/DVD WRITER WILL BECOME DEFECTIVE. Information ERROR CAN ALSO OCCUR AND THE CD/DVD MAY NOT BE USABLE IN LONG RUN. VIII) STACK IT IN A VERTICAL POSITIONS IN RACKS OTHER WISE THE WEIGHT OF OTHER MATERIAL MAY DISTORT THE SHAPE.

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IX) CDS/DVDS ARE NOT VERY PARTICULAR ABOUT TEMPERATURE BUT IT SHOULD NOT BE SUBJECTED TO VERY HIGH TEMPERATURE.

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DIGITAL AUDIO CONTENT GENERATION I) GETTING SET TO RECORD II) RECORDING WITH HARD DISK BASED SYSTEM (HDBS)

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Getting set to record THIS STEP INVOLVES RECORDING AND PLAY BACK CONTROLS DETERMINATION SO BEFORE GETTING SET TO RECORD, ONE SHOULD BE FAMILIAR WITH THE FOLLOWING POINTS.

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I)   WINDOWS OS HAS A BUILT IN MIXER AND MOST OF THE AUDIO EDITOR USE THIS FEATURE. II)      THIS CAN BE ACCESSED FROM SPEAKER ICON IN THE BOTTOM RIGHT SIDE CORNER OF THE DESKTOP. III)    THE SOURCE FOR PLAYBACK CAN BE SELECTED FROM THE PLAY CONTROL MIXER. IV)    THE SOURCE FOR RECORDING CAN BE SLEETED FROM THE RECORDING CONTROL MIXER.

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V) THE RECORDING SOURCE CAN BE FROM THE FRONT OR REAR PANEL AND SHOULD BE SELECTED ACCORDINGLY. VI) MICROPHONE CONTROL INCLUDES ON ADVANCED FEATURE TO BOOST THE RECORDING LEVEL FOR LOW OUTPUT MICROPHONES.

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RECORDING WITH HARD DISK BASED SYSTEM (HDBS) IN A.I.R.RANCHI STUDIO, SOUND FORGE STUDIO IS AVAILABLE FOR AUDIO RECORDING, DUBBING AND EDITING

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SOME OF THE FEATURES ARE I) FIVE MODES OF RECORDING ARE AVAILABLE. II) GAP DETECTION AND AUTOMATIC LABELING ARE POSSIBLE. III) AUDIO TRACKS CAN BE EXTRACTED FROM AUDIO CDS FOR MIXING WITH SOME FILES. IV) "Inclinations" ARE THE MENU AVAILABLE TO CHANGE VARIOUS PARAMETERS OF SOUND FORGE.

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DATABASE CREATION, UPDATING AND MAINTENANCE FOR DIGITAL CONTENTS (AUDIO) STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL SYSTEM INFORMATION PROFESSIONAL HAVE ALWAYS BEEN INVOLVED IN COMPILATION AND MAINTENANCE OF FILES OF INFORMATION IN THE FORM OF DATABASE SO THAT THE INFORMATION (I.E. Computerized CONTENT IN OUR CASE) COULD BE RETRIEVED ACCORDING TO USERS NEED THIS LEADS TO THE REPRESENTATION OF USERS NEED ON ONE SIDE AND THE DOCUMENT REPRESENTATION AT THE OTHER.

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LIKE PRINTED DOCUMENTS, DIGITAL AUDIO CONTENTS ALSO HAVE DIFFERENT FORMATS SO THE USERS APPROACH TOWARDS THEM VARY THUS BEFORE DOCUMENT/DATA REPRESENTATION. IT IS PRE-REQUISITE TO KNOW THE VARIOUS FORMATS OF DIGITAL AUDIO CONTENT AND USER APPROACH TOWARDS THEM

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These thought help in the determination of I) NUMBERS OF DATA FIELDS TO BE DEFINED. II)      STANDARDS NAMES TO BE GIVEN TO THE DATA FIELDS ; III)    TYPE OF DATA THAT EACH FIELD WILL CONTAIN; IV)    THE LENGTH OF EACH DATA FIELD; V)      WHETHER THE DATA IS REPEATABLE; VI)    NUMBERS OF SUB FIELDS TO A DATA FIELD ; VII)  HOW SHOULD DATA BE ENTERED ; VIII)            WHICH FIELDS NEED TO BE INDEXED ; IX)    HOW SHOULD THE FIELDS BE INDEXED ; X)      HOW SHOULD THE RECORDS BE DISPLAYED .

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I. Data Sl. No. Group EXAMPLE LIVE/PRE-RECORDED PRESENTATION USERS\'APPROACH POINTS 1 Announcement Program Summary ,Slogans, Weather Reports and out look ,market rates, railroad times, reservation positions, Government arrangements and strategies, data about reasonable and celebrations, SOS messages about lost persons and so on. LIVE PRESENTATION Neither sound substance nor the database passage is required to be made due is ever - changing and transient nature of data However section in the project prompt sheet is fundamental.

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2 Messages Address/Appeals through radio on different Occasions made by decent president of India, Prime Minister, Governor ,Chief Minister and so forth. Generally pre - recorded By the name of authority assignment, by talkers name ,by title/point/subject, by date of show 3 News Global, National , Regional and Local news announcements. Live show yet by and large move down are kept for future reference by title of the news release, by date and time of telecast. 4 Radio Report critical occasion report with real solid byte and atmosphere pre recorded and altered by title of occasions ,by name of makers by date of show and so on

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5 Eye-witness Account first individual report from the venue of event or a post occasion recorded form Live or pre recorded & altered Incorporated in the news things and consequently no different database passage is required. 6 Resume Brief record of any occasion or occurrence ,e.g., parliament and get together reporting Mostly pre – recorded by title of occasion , by date of telecast 7 Running Commentary Big donning and non brandishing occasions Live presentation Back ups are not required.

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8 Travelog first individual record of experience of travel pre recorded by title of the project, by the name of the spot of visit, by date of telecast 9 Feedback/Vox. Pop./Phone-in audience members direct investment through telephone in ,their responses conclusions and so forth pre recorded and altered Database section is not required because of passing nature of data. 10 Jingles items ,administrations data open administration or a business advertisement comes in this classification pre recorded by ji

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