Wellbeing Promotion Health PsychologySlide 2
Concerns of wellbeing advancement (Ewles and Simnett, 1992) Health training programs - to bring issues to light of wellbeing danger and to energize conduct change Primary wellbeing instruction - to counteract sick wellbeing creating (e.g. abstain from food, cleanliness, social abilities, and so on)Slide 3
Concerns of wellbeing advancement (Ewles and Simnett, 1992) Preventive wellbeing administrations - e.g. family arranging, inoculation and well individual centers Community-based work - neighborhood groups recognize medical issues and address them Healthy open arrangements - lodging, business, transport, and so onSlide 4
Concerns of wellbeing advancement (Ewles and Simnett, 1992) Environmental medical problems - making the physical environment more secure - e.g. handling contamination. Monetary and administrative exercises - e.g. attempting to get the administration to raise impose on tobacco, and so forthSlide 5
The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion (WHO 1986) recognized the accompanying components that it accepted were essential for good wellbeing: · Peace · Shelter · Education · Food · Income · A steady environment · Sustained assets · Social equity · EquitySlide 6
Models The medicinal model The conduct change demonstrate The instructive model The strengthening model The social change displaySlide 8
Medical model Prevention Primary - before ailment begins One of the acclaimed stories of early wellbeing advancement concerns the Broad Street pump in Soho, London. In 1854, Dr. John Snow plotted instances of cholera on a guide of London and saw that they bunched around a water pump on Broad Street.Slide 9
Medical model around then, water in London was given by various privately owned businesses, and Snow found that the demise rate from cholera was much higher for individuals utilizing water from two of these organizations (71 passings for each 10,000 individuals) than the others (just 5 passings for every 10,000 individuals). Snow\'s perception of the example of cases around Soho permitted him to do a characteristic investigation. He impaired the Broad Street pump by evacuating the handle (hello there tech for sure?) and the cholera plague died down in the region. From this, Snow could demonstrate that cholera was conveyed in water (Donaldson and Donaldson, 2000.)Slide 10
Primary Prevention Genetic advising . Future guardians can get vital data about the likelihood of their future youngster being conceived with a hereditary issue. Elements, for example, the age of the guardians and the aftereffects of natural tests might be considered. Tests can be made on the unborn embryo, yet such strategies are unsafe to the hatchling.Slide 11
Primary Prevention Immunization of youngsters would likewise be a method for averting diseases. The examination of polls about wellbeing conduct could likewise be valuable in peopling to receive a solid way of life.Slide 12
Secondary counteractive action Secondary avoidance concerns distinguishing an ailment genuinely right on time, before there has been much harm. It used to be imagined that a yearly registration would distinguish up and coming diseases, yet it is presently suspected that somewhere around 6 and 10 particular tests can suffice. The American malignancy society (1992) prescribed that ladies ought to have mammograms (bosom x-beam), however as of late, in Britain, this practice has been raised doubt about. Colon reviews are prescribed for those more than 40.Slide 13
Breast Self-ExaminationSlide 16
Cancer and Breast Self-Examination BSE viable in early identification of Breast Cancer. Pitts (1991) <30% British ladies perform BSE Meyerowitz and Chaiken (1987) the viability of Gain and Loss messages. Pick up message worked best. In this way crusades ought to utilize a positive message.Slide 17
Cancer and Breast Self-Examination The BSE directions are somewhat convoluted. a more straightforward methodology called `Breast mindfulness\' has been presented. As the strategy is more straightforward, ladies are more positive about having the capacity to do it. The technique delivers less false positives. This is the point at which the individual erroneously recognizes an issue, or trusts they might create bosom growth, when they are not ( Murray and McMillan, 1993 ).Slide 18
Colon CancerSlide 19
Testicular Cancer From the season of pubescence onwards you ought to do a basic speedy check of yourself frequently. This will help you to comprehend what is typical for you (everybody is distinctive) and you will have the capacity to identify any progressions at an opportune time.Slide 20
Testicular Cancer A decent place to do this is in, or instantly after a shower or a shower, when the muscle in the scrotal sac is more casual. You could request that your accomplice offer assistance. Hold your scrotum in the palm of your hands, with the goal that you can utilize the fingers and thumb on both hands to look at your gonads.Slide 21
Testicular Cancer Note the size and weight of the gonads. It is normal to have one marginally bigger, or which hangs lower than the other, yet any perceptible increment in size or weight may mean something isn\'t right. Delicately feel every gonad separatelySlide 22
Testicular Cancer You ought to feel a delicate tube at the top and back of the gonad. This is the epididymis which conveys and stores sperm. It might feel marginally delicate. Try not to mistake it for a strange protuberance. You ought to have the capacity to feel the firm, smooth container of the spermatic string which keeps running up from the epididymis.Slide 23
Testicular Cancer Feel the gonad itself. It ought to be smooth without any bumps or swellings. It is unordinary to create tumor in both balls in the meantime, so in the event that you are pondering whether a gonad is feeling ordinary or not, you can contrast it and the other.Slide 24
Tertiary Prevention - containing or backing off the harmSlide 25
Barriers to Primary Prevention • we have just constrained information about what practices are debilitating to our wellbeing, for instance, it is just in the most recent forty years that we have found the exceptionally hurtful impacts of tobacco smokingSlide 26
Barriers to Primary Prevention • we have an absence of learning about how we create wellbeing undermining practices, for instance, a few practices to do with eating routine or practice create over numerous years from our adolescence • various wellbeing practices are learnt in the home, for instance, the offspring of smokers will probably smoke than the offspring of nonsmokersSlide 27
Barriers to Primary Prevention • at the time that wellbeing debilitating practices create, individuals regularly have minimal quick motivation to practice wellbeing upgrading practices, for instance the impacts of smoking are felt in center to later life as opposed to when individuals begin smoking • individuals are frequently unreasonably hopeful about their wellbeingSlide 28
3 fundamental reasons why essential anticipation has been overlooked Traditional structure of solution Difficulty of inspiring individuals to rehearse solid practices Difficulty in applying techniques for disposition and behavioral change to wellbeingSlide 29
THREE APPROACHES TO HEALTH PROMOTION Behavior change approach Objective: to achieve changes in individual conduct through changes in people\'s discernments. Handle: arrangement of data about wellbeing dangers and risks.Slide 30
THREE APPROACHES TO HEALTH PROMOTION Behavior change approach Aim: . to build people\'s information about the reasons for wellbeing and ailment. . Presumption: people are objective leaders whose perceptions advise their activities.Slide 31
THREE APPROACHES TO HEALTH PROMOTION Self-strengthening approach Objective: to engage people to settle on solid decisions. Prepare: participatory learning strategies. Point: to expand control over one\'s physical, social and inward situations. Supposition: power is an all inclusive asset which can be prepared by each person.Slide 32
THREE APPROACHES TO HEALTH PROMOTION Collective activity approach Objective: to enhance wellbeing by tending to financial and environmental reasons for sick wellbeing. . Handle: people compose and act all in all keeping in mind the end goal to change their physical and social situations.Slide 33
THREE APPROACHES TO HEALTH PROMOTION Collective activity approach Aim: to alter social, financial and physical structures which produce sick . wellbeing. Supposition: people group of people share intrigues which permits them to act all in all.Slide 34
Behavior CHANGE APPROACH Consider how the issue of smoking is managed by the Health Belief Model (HBM; Becker, 1974). Smokers choosing whether or not to surrender smoking would be required to consider: that they are so helpless to lung disease and other smoking-related conditions; how genuine these conditions are; the degree and estimation of the advantages of surrendering smoking; the potential negative outcomes of surrendering smoking.Slide 35
Behavior CHANGE APPROACH what\'s more, the HBM recognizes the part of prompts to activity, inner (e.g. an indication, for example, a smoker\'s hack) and outer (e.g. data, exhortation or meeting somebody with lung growth), and in addition wellbeing inspiration, and the significance of wellbeing to the person.Slide 36
Behavior CHANGE APPROACH The HBM has been connected to an extensive variety of wellbeing practices including the take-up of influenza inoculations, bosom self-examination, antihypertensive administrations, moms\' adherence to regimens for their youngsters and hazard consider practices (e.g. safety belt utilize, participation at wellbeing checkups, diets, and so on.). Generally speaking, the \'HBM is imperceptibly fruitful in anticipating wellbeing practices. Every key variable of the HBM has a tendency to be fundamentally related with the conduct under review.Slide 37
Behavior CHANGE APPROACH This proposes the factors recognized by the HBM are important fixings and add to the procedure which produces wellbeing conduct. Be that as it may, our capacity to precisely foresee wellbeing conduct on the premise of the HBM is extremely restricted.Slide 38
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