ï»¿Windows XP Users, Groups, Profiles and Policies 70-270: MCSE Guide to Microsoft Windows XP ProfessionalSlide 2
Windows XP Professional User Accounts Designed for use as a system customer for: Windows NT Windows 2000 Windows Server 2003 Member of a workgroup Standalone working framework when more than one client is utilizing the PC Home or business environmentSlide 3
Types of Windows XP Professional User Accounts Local client account Exists on a solitary PC Can give access to assets if the client is a part in a workgroup No area access Domain client account Created on a space controller utilizing "Active Directory" and exists all through the space Available on any area part PCSlide 4
User Account Details Uniquely distinguished to the framework by client account name and secret key Provides secure access to approved clients Preferences are natural settings that are put away in a profile Desktop, Favorites, My Documents, Start Menu, Internet records and Cookies, and so forthSlide 5
Accounts Interaction with a XP Professional System (Page 1) Standalone framework, programmed logon — All clients access nearby assets through a "common client account" that consequently logins in when PC begins Standalone framework — Each client sign into framework with access to "their own" neighborhood assetsSlide 6
Accounts Interaction with a XP Professional System (Page 2) Workgroup part — Users login to a record both neighborhood and shared assets Domain system customer — Users login to framework with a novel space client record to access neighborhood and area assetsSlide 7
Supporting More Than One User Multiple-client frameworks—bolster more than one client on the same machine, either on a solitary PC or in an area Implemented through: Groups Resources Policies ProfilesSlide 8
Groups Named accumulations of client records One client record might be an individual from more than one gathering Members of gathering get access rights and limitations for that gathering Local gatherings are made utilizing Windows XP proficient and give benefits at the machine levelSlide 9
Resources Useful items including printers, shared indexes, programming applications, and so on. Constrained to a solitary client, gathering or all clients on a machine or inside a systemSlide 10
Policies An arrangement of design alternatives for a client, PC or gathering: Define watchword confinements , i.e. Is the client required to change their secret word at recommended interims? Account lockouts , i.e. What happens if a client enters an inaccurate login a few times in succession? Client rights Event examiningSlide 11
Profiles User natural settings including Desktop, Favorites, My Documents, Start Menu, and so forth. A nearby profile exists on neighborhood PC A space profile takes after a client regardless of which PC he/she logons to in the areaSlide 12
Types of Logon Two sorts: Windows Welcome Logon Method Classic Logon Method Changing between the login sorts is found in "User Accounts" applet in Control Panel Logon validation has two purposes: Maintain security Track PC utilizationSlide 13
Windows Welcome Logon Method (Page 1) Completely new logon technique intended for use on standalone or workgroup part frameworks Not accessible when the Windows XP customer is an individual from an area Displayed as a rundown of client records each with its own symbol which the client clicks For records with secret key, client is provoked for it before access is conceded View Windows Welcome Logon ScreenSlide 14
Windows Welcome Logon Method (Page 1) Last slide sawSlide 15
Windows Welcome Logon Method (Page 2) To turn the Welcome screen on or off: Open User Accounts in Control Panel Click Change the way clients sign on or off summon Do one of the accompanying: Specify that clients sign onto PC utilizing the Welcome screen, select the Use the Welcome screen check box Specify that clients sign onto PC utilizing "Windows Classic Logon" dialog, clear the Use the Welcome screen check box View Windows Welcome Logon Screen View Classic Logon DialogSlide 16
Windows Welcome Logon Method (Page 3) Fast User Switching: Allows changing starting with one client then onto the next without logging off (not in an area and just for Welcome Screen logon) Also upgraded in "User Accounts" from Change the way clients sign on or off From "Start" menu, select the Log Off… charge; then in the "Logoff Windows" dialog tap the < Switch User > catch When exchanging back, environment and all projects that were dynamic are restoredSlide 17
Activity Turn on Fast User Switching in the "User Accounts" applet Activate the Guest record and after that work on exchanging amongst it and your client accountSlide 18
Classic Logon Method Press the < Ctrl >+< Alt >+< Delete > key mix to get to the "WinLogon" security dialog box Required for space part frameworks Selected consequently when a Windows XP framework turns out to be a piece of an area No client exchanging accessible Must log off PC to make it accessible to the following client View Classic Logon DialogSlide 19
Classic Logon Method Last slide sawSlide 20
Activity In the "User Accounts" applet change between the "Windows Welcome" and "Classic" logon strategies Try signing on utilizing eachSlide 21
Logging On to Windows XP When Windows XP Professional first is introduced, two records are naturally made Administrator GuestSlide 22
Administrator (Page 1) Most capable client account conceivable Unlimited access and unhindered benefits to oversee clients, bunches, O/S environment, printers, offers, stockpiling gadgets, and so on. Must be shielded from abuse Complicated secret key ought to be utilized Account ought to be renamedSlide 23
Administrator (Page 2) The first Administrator account: Cannot be erased Cannot be bolted out (happens when client endeavors to logon unsuccessfully) Can be crippled (just performed physically by another executive record) Can have a clear watchword (not prescribed) Can be renamed (suggested) Cannot be expelled from Administrators neighborhood bunchSlide 24
Guest (Page 1) One of the minimum favored client accounts Limited access to assets and PC exercises Account ought to be renamed Member of the "Everyone" bunch Recommended to leave account handicapped subsequent to of course all new questions and shares give full control for gathering "Everyone"Slide 25
Guest (Page 2) The first Guest account: Cannot be erased Can be bolted out Can be impaired (debilitated as a matter of course) Can have a clear watchword (clear as a matter of course) Can be renamed (prescribed) Can be expelled from the Guests nearby gatheringSlide 26
Naming Conventions (Page 1) A foreordained procedure ought to be utilized for making names on either a system or a standalone framework A tradition is an acknowledged practice inside an association or even all inclusive Important since systems typically have a tendency to become rapidlySlide 27
Naming Conventions (Page 2) Should consolidate a plans for naming: User accounts Computers Directories Network offers Printers ServersSlide 28
Naming Conventions (Page 3) Two basic traditions: User name utilizes first and last name, and a code demonstrating client\'s area of expertise Group name speaks to the association of the firm: division, area, venture name, and/or blend of the aboveSlide 29
Naming Conventions (Page 4) Needs to be: Consistent Easy to utilize and see Easy to make new names utilizing the tradition (varieties are foreordained ) Clearly recognize the item\'s sortSlide 30
Managing Local User Accounts Two sorts of neighborhood records: Accounts made sans preparation locally Local representations of area/system client accounts User Accounts applet Used to make nearby representation (just for an area customer) In a standalone framework, applet turns into an errand wizard with simple to-take after assignmentsSlide 31
User Accounts Applet in a Domain Users tab Lists dynamic clients Add New User wizard to add clients Advanced tab Access to Password and travel permit administration Advanced client administration Secure logon settingsSlide 32
User Accounts Applet in a Domain Last slide sawSlide 33
User Accounts Applet in a DomainSlide 34
To discover the client in the area Add a User in a Domain User Accounts appletSlide 35
Add a User in a Domain User Accounts appletSlide 36
Properties in a Domain User Accounts appletSlide 37
User Accounts Applet for a Standalone ComputerSlide 38
User Accounts Applet for a Standalone ComputerSlide 39
Activity Create another client account named Jan Walters utilizing the "User Accounts" applet Limited benefits No secret wordSlide 40
Local Users and Groups Console Found in "Computer Management" applet of Administrative Tools Console tree hubs (in left edge) are Users and Groups The rundown outline (on the right) demonstrates the names of the client and/or bunch accounts "Local Users and Groups" MMC snap-in additionally can be utilized to make and oversee client records and gatheringsSlide 41
Local Users and Groups (Computer Management Console)Slide 42
Local Users and Groups MMC ConsoleSlide 43
Local Users and Groups MMC ConsoleSlide 44
Users Node (Page 1) Creating another client account: Select User hub inside the Local Users and Groups hub With no client chose, click A ction ï N ew User… from the menu bar Or right-tap on any white space in rundown (right) outline and select New User… Fill-in structure and tap the < Create > catchSlide 45
Users Node (Page 2) Select any client record and snap A ction from menu bar (or right-click any client account name) to: Set (reset) secret key Delete client account Rename client account
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