Workshop on Extending the Part of Tourism in Neediness Lessening 24 October 2007 Nuku'alofa.

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Tourism in Asia has awesome potential for further extension. ... The improvement of tourism foundation can advantage the poor's job through ...
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Workshop on Expanding the Role of Tourism in Poverty Reduction 24 October 2007 Nuku\'alofa Poverty Reduction through Tourism – The Experiences in Asia Ryuji Yamakawa UNESCAP

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Presentation Outline Tourism in Asia. Tourism and Poverty Reduction. Asian Experience in Poverty Reduction through Tourism: Case study – Pro-poor group based tourism improvement in Lao PDR. Challenges. Activities to Expand the Role of Tourism in Poverty Reduction.

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Tourism in Asia Tourism in Asia becoming quicker than different districts. 1995 -74 million entries. 2006 - 157 million entries. Tourism in Asia has incredible potential for further extension. Enhanced air linkage and transportation systems. Developing markets – China, India, Russia. Disentangled strategies for visa issuance. Solid subregional collaboration in tourism.

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Tourism and Poverty Reduction Tourism fortifies financial development both at the national and neighborhood levels and advances the development of the farming, mechanical and administration areas. Tourism gives an extensive variety of work opportunities effortlessly open by poor people. Tourism organizations and travelers buy merchandise and administrations specifically from poor people or ventures utilizing poor people. This makes open doors for smaller scale, little and medium-sized ventures in which the poor can take an interest. Global and residential tourism spreads advancement to poor districts and remote provincial territories of a nation that might not have profited from different sorts of monetary improvement. The advancement of tourism framework can advantage the job of the poor through change in tourism-connected administration areas, including transport and correspondences, water supply, vitality and wellbeing administrations.

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How Tourism Helps the Poor Employment of the poor in tourism ventures. Supply of merchandise and administrations to tourism ventures by poor people. Direct offers of products and administrations to guests by poor people. Foundation and running of tourism ventures by the poor Investment in framework empowered by tourism additionally profiting poor people. Expense or collect on tourism pay or benefits with continues profiting the poor .

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Tourism in Lao People\'s Democratic Republic Revenue and rank of different Lao businesses (income in $US million)

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Case Study: Pro-poor Community-based Tourism Development in Lao PDR Implementing organization: Lao National Tourism Administration Project Implementing Units of Luang Namtha, Luang Prabang, Khammouane and Champasak Provinces. Participation organizations: Committee for Planning and Investment Ministry of Culture and Information Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Ministry of Communication, Transport, Post and Construction Science, Technology and Environment Agency SNV Project funding: $1.6 million US dollars from ADB. Venture site: Luang Namtha, Luang Prabang, Khammouane and Champasak Provinces. Venture duration: January 2003 – December 2007 (5 years).

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Case Study: Pro-poor Community-based Tourism Development in Lao PDR (Cont\'d) Project objective: Income era and occupation creation at the neighborhood level. Social assurance and recovery. Characteristic asset preservation. Sexual orientation value and ethnic minority investment.

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Case Study: Pro-poor Community-based Tourism Development in Lao PDR (Cont\'d) Project activities: (i) Institutional reinforcing and group investment program. (ii) Awareness program on tourism advantages and natural and social preservation. (iii) Pro-poor tourism items recognizable proof and improvement. (iv) Small-scale tourism-related framework. (v) Capacity working for tourism-related nearby miniaturized scale endeavors and groups. (vi) Gender advancement cooperation program. Ethnic minorities cooperation program. Showcasing and advancement arrangement. Advancement of group based tourism systems and Eco-tourism Stakeholder Associations.

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Case Study: Pro-poor Community-based Tourism Development in Lao PDR (Cont\'d) Project execution observing framework: Annual commonplace, town and family unit checking information gathering led each year keeping in mind the end goal to think about. The level of wage. The quantity of sightseers going by the ranges. Families partaking in tourism exercises. Wage circulation, family profiles; and Income created by non-tourism activities.

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Financial Summary for LNTA/ADB New CBT Products: (US Dollar )

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Financial Summary for Destinations and Tour Operators March 2005 – February 2006

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Summary of Benefits Job creation. - 300 employments made in Luang Namtha. - Over 75% were in compelling neediness. - Number of ladies utilized : 140. Increment in wage levels. - Target towns expanded money salary by up to 35%. Access to therapeutic administrations progressed. Dialect abilities made strides. Strong waste administration progressed. Conventional aptitudes, expressions and society advanced.

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Lessons Learned Lessons learned: Criteria must be connected in the choice of target towns. - poorest towns + vacation spots. - easy to get to. - located inside a visitor circuit. - market interest for the "item" exists. - villagers ought to be keen on creating tourism. - safety ought to be a thought. - a quantifiable connection between tourism, legacy preservation and financial advancement. Not every one of the towns can get advantages and be included in tourism exercises, particularly those where there are no home-stay or group holds up, or are situated a long way from visitor locales.

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Lessons adapted: Pro-poor tourism improvement ought to take a two dimensional methodology. - Develop people group based tourism circuits in towns where there are potential vacation spots (trekking, home stay, etc.). - Research and create supply chains between production towns and traveler markets.

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Lessons learned: - Villages that host travelers overnight pick up the best advantages from CBT, however pay won\'t not be disseminated generally. - Encourage towns to partake from the earliest starting point in the arranging procedure of CBT improvement at the town level (outline of visits). - Ensure that rotational administration program is taken after nearly to permit everybody a reasonable chance at picking up wage from vacationers. - Allow poorest families need access to town advancement stores to help them to incorporate into home stay revolutions. - Establish a town based ecotourism advisory group with a rotating administration that incorporates ladies. - Build visitor offices and little scale framework offices, for example, group lodge, toilets, seeing focuses, rest territory, data board, social focus, and ethnic minority markets. - Cooperation with the private segment for showcasing CBT items and upkeep of group cabins and trekking trails.

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Lessons learned: Pro-poor tourism extends frequently require interests in little foundation, and when conceivable ought to be worked by the proposed recipients themselves, with neighborhood commitments of assets to the most noteworthy degree conceivable.

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Challenges To improve the comprehension expected to offer need to tourism advancement in national advancement systems, arrangements, directions, arranges and the portion of assets. To create tourism in a far reaching and feasible way with a perspective to growing its commitment to financial advancement and destitution decrease. To encourage the open doors for poor groups to profit by tourism and give important preparing.

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Recommendations (1) To improve the comprehension expected to offer need to tourism advancement in national improvement methodologies, arrangements, controls, arranges and the distribution of assets (a) Improve national tourism measurements and markers, including pointers of the financial, social and natural effect; (b) Undertake systematic studies on the financial effect of tourism; (c) Undertake contextual investigations on tourism activities went for financial advancement and destitution diminishment; (d) Undertake advertising projects and media exercises to upgrade mindfulness about the part of tourism in financial improvement and neediness lessening.

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(2) To create tourism in a far reaching and maintainable way with a perspective to growing its commitment to financial advancement and neediness diminishment Identify the potential commitment of tourism to the accomplishment of the Millennium Development Goals; Integrate tourism into national improvement arranges with a reasonable meaning of the part of tourism in financial improvement and destitution decrease; Prepare tourism end-all strategies which incorporate powerful systems to spread the advantages of tourism to poor groups; Incorporate tourism into destitution lessening methodologies.

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(3) To encourage the open doors for poor groups to profit by tourism (a) Foster and bolster smaller scale, little and medium-sized tourism-related endeavors; (b) Organize collective activities by the Government, the private segment and partners to create entrepreneurial and vocation open doors for poor people; (c) Encourage the utilization of neighborhood assets and administrations in tourism-related operations; (d) Promote nearby expressions and artworks and also neighborhood stimulation to expand the salary levels of host groups and improve the conservation of neighborhood society;

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(e) Expand the part of standard tourism in destitution lessening; (f) Ensure the inclusion of all partners in the arranging, advancement, administration and advancement of tourism; (g) Monitor and evaluate the effect of tourism activities on poor people; (h) Improve the quality, limit and aptitudes of needy individuals through preparing and redesigning the abilities identified with tourism administrations; (i) Strengthen in reverse linkages to poor communit

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