World War I 1914-1918 Causes of the war Technology of the war Military strategies/Battles War at Home "Aggregate War" US/Russia and the end of the warSlide 2
Traditional European Rules of War 1. A nation must announce war before assaulting another nation. 2. Every side must wear regalia or distinguish themselves to each other before assaulting. Warriors wearing a foe uniform will be shot as a spy.Slide 3
Traditional European Rules of War 3. Leaders ought not be focused on 4. Regular citizens, Surrendering Soldiers and Medical Personnel won\'t be assaulted.Slide 4
Traditional European Rules of War 5. Hand to Hand battle is noteworthy, shooting from a separation is weak 6. Fighters must be given the chance to surrender decently.Slide 5
Roots of WarSlide 6
Long Term Causes Nationalism-Deep Devotion to One\'s Nation Competition and Rivalry created between European countries for region and markets (Example France and Germany-Alsace-Lorraine)Slide 7
Long Term Causes Militarism-Glorifying Military Power Keeping a substantial standing armed force arranged for war Arms race for military innovationSlide 8
Long Term Causes Imperialism-European rivalry for provinces Quest for settlements frequently just about prompted war Imperialism prompted contention and doubt amongst European countriesSlide 9
Long Term Causes Alliance System-Designed to keep peace in Europe, rather pushed landmass towards war Many Alliances made in mystery By 1907 two noteworthy organizations together: Triple Alliance and Triple EntenteSlide 10
Triple Alliance Germany Austria-Hungary Italy Central Powers Germany Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire Triple Entente England France Russia Allied Powers England, France, Russia , United States, Italy, Serbia, Belgium, Switzerland The Two SidesSlide 11
Triple Alliance Kaiser Wilhelm II (Germany) Franz Joseph I (Austria-Hungary) Vittorio Orlando (Italy) Triple Entente David Lloyd George (England) Raymond Poincare (France) Czar Nicholas II (Russia) LeadersSlide 12
Triple Entente France-Vietnam, Parts of Africa England-Africa, Australia, Hong Kong, India, Canada, S. America Triple Alliance Germany-Africa, Parts of Asia Major ColoniesSlide 13
Short-Term Cause June 28th 1914 Assassination of Franz FerdinandSlide 14
Summer of 1914 Triple Entente/Triple Alliance Actions July 23 rd Austria Hungary Presents Serbia with a final proposal July 28 th Austria-Hungary announces war on Serbia July 29 th Russia Mobilizes its troops August 1, 1914 Germany prepares troops.Slide 15
Summer of 1914 Triple Entente/Triple Alliance Actions August 2 nd Germany pronounces war on Russia Germany attacks Poland and Luxemburg, intrusion of France begins August 3: Germany announces war on France August 4: Germany proclaims war on Belgium and attacks it, August 4:England announces war on Germany August 5: Austria proclaims war on Russia and Great BritainSlide 16
Austria-Hungary Declares War on Serbia Russia Declares War on Austria Hungary Germany Declares War on Russia Germany Declares War on France England Declares War on Germany and Austria Hungary Who Declared War on Who?Slide 18
By the end of 1914, Europe was at war, as well as the greater part of Europe\'s settlements in Asia, Africa and South America.Slide 19
Modern WarfareSlide 20
New Technology Guns The Machine Gun It was utilized by both sides, many rounds a moment could be shot by one individual.Slide 21
The German arrangement against France was to race into the nation as quick as could be expected under the circumstances: The Schlieffen Plan The Machine Gun ceased this arrangementSlide 23
Trench Warfare Both sides burrowed long trenches that confronted each other. The trenches kept running for miles. Occasionally, one side would endeavor to cross the "Dead zone" the territory in the middle of the trenches. Trench fighting made WWI reach out from a couple of months of battling to four years of battlingSlide 24
French Soldiers Attacking a German TrenchSlide 30
Technology: Chemical Weapons WWI was the primary significant war to utilize synthetic weapons Mustard Gas and Chlorine Gas were the two most well known weapons: They created suffocation, visual impairment, and passingSlide 31
Soldiers would ensure themselves utilizing Gas MasksSlide 34
Technology: The U-watercraft (Submarine) Germany\'s mystery weapon amid the war Sank many British boats, controlled the seas.Slide 35
Why might the British think the U-pontoon was breaking the tenets of War ?Slide 36
Technology: Airpower Both sides utilized air ship for perception, restricted bombarding, and air fights Airplanes were moderate, cumbersome, and inconsistent, The most acclaimed German pilot was Baron von Richthofen (The Red Baron)Slide 37
Red BaronSlide 39
Technology: TanksSlide 40
Technology: TanksSlide 41
Technology: Flame ThrowersSlide 42
The Great War Western Front Germans, Austria-Hungarians versus French, British and later Americans Germany builds up the Schlieffen Plan Battle of the Marne (1914-German Defeat) Trench Warfare on the Western FrontSlide 43
Western Front: Battles Battle of Verdun Ten months in length French and German armed forces. Assessed 540,000 French and 430,000 German setbacks No key focal points were picked up for either side. Clash of Somme English and French versus Germany Six months of battling Five miles of headway for Allies 1 million men killedSlide 44
Eastern Front Russians and Serbs versus Germans and Austria-Hungarians War more versatile yet at the same time a stalemate Russia\'s inconveniences Not Industrialized Short on Supplies Russia\'s leverage PeopleSlide 45
Eastern Front: Battles Battle of Tannenberg: August 1914-First major eastern fight. Russia was seriously crushed and pushed back. Russia lost a great many men against Germany, undersupplied, under gunnedSlide 46
Other Fronts Japan, Australia, India join Allies Ottoman Turks, Bulgaria join Central Powers Gallipoli Campaign in the Ottoman Empire Battles happen in Africa and Asia for Colonial PossessionsSlide 47
Russia Exits the War In March 1917, Nicholas II relinquishes his honored position, the Russian Duma keeps on battling. In October 1917: Lenin and the Bolsheviks take summon: The Soviet Union is made. Walk 1918: Soviets and Germans sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, finishing the war in the East.Slide 48
US claims Neutrality I didn\'t raise my kid to be an officer I brought him up to be my pride and bliss Who sets out to put a flintlock on his shoulder, To shoot some other mother\'s dear kid?Slide 49
US Road to War British Blockade did not permit items to leave or enter Germany German U-Boat Response counter to barricade, demolish all water crafts set out toward British shoresSlide 50
US Road to War May 7 th 1915 Sinking of the LusitaniaSlide 51
1916 Presidential Election And the Winner is… Woodrow Wilson Because "he kept us out of the war"Slide 52
US Road to War The Last Straw Zimmerman NoteSlide 53
US Declares War Senate Declares War April 4 th 1917 House of Representatives Declares War April 6 th 1917 Wilson\'s thinking for War make the world "Safe for Democracy"Slide 54
War on the Homefront World War I as a Total War All Resources gave to homefront Gov\'t assumed control production lines to make Military merchandise All needed to work (Women occurred of men in processing plants) Rationing-limit utilization of assets/merchandise vital for the war exertion Propaganda-uneven data to keep support for the warSlide 55
Propaganda USSlide 56
Propaganda Great BritainSlide 57
Propaganda GermanySlide 58
Total Warfare in the USSlide 59
Ending the War 1917-1918 US Enters the War in April of 1917 March 1918 Russia and Germany sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk Germans now utilize all assets on Western Front March of 1918 Germany starts a huge assault on FranceSlide 60
Ending the War (1918) The Tide Turns German troops exhausted US had 140,000 "crisp" troops 2 nd Battle of the Marne (June 1918) Central Powers Crumble Revolutions in Austria Hungary Ottoman Empire surrenders German officers insurrection, open betrays Kaiser Wilhelm IISlide 61
Ending the War (1918) Kaiser Wilhelm relinquishes on November 9 th 1918 11 th hour of the 11 th day of the 11 th month in 1918 Germany consents to a truce 8.5 million fighters dead 21 million warriors injured Cost of 338 billion dollarsSlide 62
Ending the War The Paris Peace Conference Meeting of the "Huge Four" at the Paris Peace Conference Wilson Proposes his "14 focuses" "Enormous Four" make Treaty of Versailles War Guilt Clause Break up of German, Austrian, Russian and Ottoman Empire Reparations Legacy of intensity and disloyaltySlide 63
Effects of World War I Before World War I sentiment idealism and advancement of Human Kind After the War sentiments of cynicism New types of Art, Literature, Philosophy and Science (ex. Surrealism, "Lost" Generation, Psychoanalysis, Existentialism)
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