World War II: Continuation of the Pattern toward Aggregate or Unadulterated War.


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The U.S. comes back to a customary neutralist position in European security and legislative issues ... the liberal's control majority rule states - however without the US ...
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Slide 1

World War II: Continuation of the Trend toward Total or Pure War Background: US enters the war to end all wars and to make the world safe for majority rule governments: Revolutionary points versus European royal framework for worldwide request and authenticity Versailles Treaty to end the war with Germany builds up the Wilsonian guideline of aggregate security: end the parity of force

Slide 2

Flaws of the Versailles Treaty and the Principle of Collective Security The U.S. comes back to a conventional noninterventionist position in European security and governmental issues President Wilson " s thoughts of aggregate security, end of domains and self-determination, and majority rule guideline are rejected United States declines to join the League of Nations Germany is not re-incorporated into the group of states as Napoleonic France was in 1815 Germany is blamed for beginning the war and should pay troublesome reparations Germany " s military strengths are constrained and under the control of the liberal law based states - yet without the US

Slide 3

Failures of the League of Nations and Collective Security Japanese intrusion of Manchuria (1931) and war with China (1937-45) Italian attack of Ethiopia in 1935 German reoccupation of the Rheinland in 1935 Russian attack of Finland in 1939-40 German assault on Poland in September 1939 World War II starts

Slide 4

German Empire, 1941-42

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United States Enters the War Japanese Pearl Harbor assault, December 7, 1941 Japanese War Aims: Protect Japanese Empire against U.S. Take out the danger to Japan from U.S. maritime powers Seek a range of prominence comprehension with the United States Similar to German-Soviet assention in August, 1939 US authoritative reach stretches out to Hawaii; Japan " s circle in the western Pacific, China and Southeast Asia: Dutch Indonesia and French Indo-China; and British Hong Kong and Singapore

Slide 6

United States War Aims: Total Political and Military Victory Return to Wilsonian progressive points of another worldwide request: Victory of Liberal majority rule coalition Destruction of the German and Japanese domains and political administrations End of Europe " s realms and the worldwide institutional guideline of self-determination Creation of an after war liberal, worldwide exchanging framework The popularity based standard of an arrangement of country states under United Nations support devoted to a quiet world request

Slide 7

American and Allied Strategic Military Aims Destruction of the military powers of German and Japan and their partners Complete political accommodation of the German and Japanese states, administrations, and people groups to associated principle

Slide 8

Japanese Empire: 1942

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Total Warfare in Europe and Pacific Germany vanquished in May 1945 Japanese surrenders in August, 1945 in the wake of nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Slide 10

Atomic Bomb over Hiroshima, 1945

Slide 11

Destruction of Hiroshima, 1945

Slide 12

World War II as Total War: Hobbes and Clausewitz Return 72 million regular citizen and military passings Civilian: 47 million Military: 25 million

Slide 13

Total Casualties in Percentages of Allied and Axis Deaths

Slide 14

Flaws of the Allied Coalition and the Cold War " 1945-1991 Liberal Democracies versus Soviet Union United States versus European Empires France United Kingdom Netherlands Portugal Belgium

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