Youthful Homeless Children and Families: Strategies for Increasing Access to Services and Support .


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Youthful Destitute Kids and Families: Methodologies for Expanding Access to Administrations and Backing. NAEHCY nineteenth Yearly Gathering November 10, 2007 Portland, Oregon. Objectives Throughout today. More prominent mindfulness and comprehension of: Difficulties that face youthful youngsters encountering destitute
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Youthful Homeless Children and Families: Strategies for Increasing Access to Services and Support NAEHCY nineteenth Annual Conference November 10, 2007 Portland, Oregon

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Goals for Today Greater mindfulness and comprehension of: Challenges that face youthful kids encountering destitute Overview of early care scene Review of key arrangements and projects Provide methodologies for expanding access to administrations and support

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Challenges for youthful kids who are destitute: Inadequate and flimsy lodging Health and psychological wellness issues Inconsistent and deficient human services Inadequate nourishment Adolescent moms Disrupted or restricted family bolster Emotional anxiety or misery Mobility: loss of schedule, consistency, solidness

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Impact on Behavior Withdrawal Aggression Boundaries Hoarding Depression Independence Care-taking Sleeping and Eating

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Challenges for youthful destitute kids Homelessness can have extensive negative effects on youthful kids 54% of kids in destitute circumstances encounter some type of formative postpone 40% of kids living in destitute havens are less than five years old 15% of youthful destitute youngsters are enlisted in preschool programs

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Early Care and Education Landscape Early care and training (ECE) framework incorporates kid administer to kids birth to age 5 ECE is a divided "framework" of parallel frameworks Various settings, areas Different beginning enactment and controls, overseeing structures, frameworks for checking and quality control Separate and joined open and private financing that shifts state to state, city to city, year to year

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Early Care and Education Landscape Head Start & Early Head Start Child Care IDEA State Pre-Kindergarten Programs Parent-Child Home Program Other Early Care and Education Partners

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Early Care and Education Landscape – Head Start Federal finances straightforwardly to nearby groups - more than 2,500 grantees/appoint offices Some states give supplemental subsidizing Head Start started in 1964; Early Head Start started in 1994 Comprehensive tyke advancement program: Head Start serves ages 3 to 5 –Head Start is in about each group across the nation Early Head Start serves pregnant ladies and kids birth to age 3 – Several grantees for every state

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Early Care and Education Landscape: Head Start Comprehensive and two-generational administrations Health and learning, inabilities, family improvement and support, group associations At minimum 90% at or beneath elected neediness At slightest 10% with distinguished handicap Federal Bureau with Regional Office oversight and State Collaboration Offices Federal Program Performance Standards and observing framework

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Early Care and Education Landscape: Child Care Federal CCDF square allow that states can supplement State and neighborhood tyke mind financing supplements States can utilize elected TANF piece concede stores Designated "state tyke mind director" State regulatory principles, e.g., qualification, needs State and some neighborhood directions CCDF requires coordination of ALL kid mind through Child Care Resource & Referral Agencies (CCR&R) CCDF assigns set asides for quality activities and administrations for babies and little children

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Early Care and Education Landscape: Child Care Subsidized Child Care State-financed kid mind focuses, systems of family tyke mind homes through contracts and gives to nearby offices Child Care Subsidies, or Vouchers Used by families to buy mind from authorized and unregulated care suppliers, including relatives and companions, for the care that best addresses their issues Serve kids from newborn children through school-age

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Early Care and Education Landscape: IDEA Parts B & C Federal assets to states under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Part B – Preschool Special Education for a very long time 3-5 Part C – Infants and Toddlers Uses McKinney-Vento meaning of destitute Provides for recognizable proof, area, assessment and instruction of kids with incapacities who are encountering vagrancy Individualized Plan Home-based, classroom & meeting models Goal of mainstreaming

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Early Care and Education - State Pre-K Programs State subsidizing of preschool administrations for 4-year-olds or for 3-and 4-year-olds State Departments of Education give administration and give financing to nearby school regions Both school based and group suppliers Both focused on and widespread outlines State Cabinets and incorporated state offices and divisions Local committees and group organizations Most states now have some sort of state pre-k framework

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Other Potential ECE Partners ESEA Title I - Children birth to class section at danger of school disappointment can be incorporated Non-benefit and altruistic activities - e.g., United Way Success-by-Six Local Government - County and city projects, kids\' libraries, diversion programs Religious and family benefit associations

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Early Care & Education Landscape in Your World – A Grid Work with somebody sitting close you to finish the Early Care and Education Infrastructure in My State/Community for either the state or nearby level If you can\'t finish a phone, utilize the Early Care and Education Resource List to discover an asset for acquiring the name, contact data you needs to completer our matrix. You will have 5 minutes for this movement.

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Barriers to Early Care and Education Program enlistment necessities (residency, birth endorsements, inoculations, documentation of pay) Lack of accessible openings as well as projects because of inadequate financing Waiting records—High versatility keeps youngsters from achieving the top Lack of transportation Lack of mindfulness, comprehension of vagrancy Lack of entire day programming

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Federal Legislation: The McKinney-Vento Act McKinney-Vento applies to preschool programs worked by LEAs and SEAs State arranges must guarantee that kids have entry to preschool programs. Contacts must guarantee that families and youngsters get Head Start, Even Start and preschool programs. State Coordinators must facilitate with social administrations organizations, tyke improvement and preschool program work force and different offices to give exhaustive administrations to preschoolers

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Federal Legislation: Title I Children and youth encountering vagrancy are consequently qualified for Title I benefits, regardless of what school they go to. [Title I Part A, 1115(b)(2)(E)] LEAs must hold (put aside) assets to give practically identical administrations to destitute youngsters, including instructively related bolster administrations. [Title I Part A, 1113(c)(3)(A)] LEA Title I arranges must portray the administrations that will be given to destitute kids, including administrations from the put aside. [Title I Part A, 1112(b)(1)(O)]

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Federal Legislation: Head Start In 1992, HHS issued direction depicting how Head Start grantees ought to work together with State Coordinators, contacts and group offices and change their projects to serve youngsters in destitute circumstances, and cleared up misperceptions about normal day by day participation. Direction accessible at: www.naehcy.org/federalpolicy.html

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Federal Legislation: Head Start Pending changes to the Head Start Act: Required ID, prioritization,and enlistment while records are gotten Required joint effort with contacts and state facilitators Categorical qualification Planning prerequisites Data necessities Technical help necessities

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Federal Legislation: IDEA 2004 IDEA incorporates a meaning of destitute that is steady with the M-V definition Any express that gets IDEA financing must conform to M-V for youngsters who are destitute with inabilities IDEA\'s tyke discover arrangements require that all kids with handicaps encountering vagrancy be recognized, found and assessed States must receive strategies and methodology to guarantee that destitute families and kids have admittance to Part C arranging and usage

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Who gives benefits under Part C of IDEA? Part C administrations are given under state supervision through neighborhood Part C offices and may incorporate school areas; instructive administration focuses; nearby wellbeing, formative handicaps, or psychological wellness offices; or potentially private offices To discover your Part C organization, visit: http://www.nectac.org/contact/ptccoord.asp

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Who can get benefits under Part C? Newborn children and little children under age three who require early mediation administrations since they are encountering a formative deferral or have a condition that has a high likelihood of bringing about a formative postpone States decide the criteria for the meaning of formative postpone States have the choice of giving administrations to babies and little children "at danger of formative postponement" ( California, Hawaii, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, and West Virginia)

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What administrations does Part C give? Extensive variety of administrations in light of necessities and Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) Family preparing, guiding, home visits Audiology administrations Speech-dialect administrations Medical administrations for symptomatic or assessment purposes Occupational or non-intrusive treatment

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Part C administrations, cont. Mental administrations Social work administrations Assistive innovation gadgets and administrations Health administrations important to empower a baby or little child to profit by other early intercession administrations Service coordination Transportation and related costs essential for a newborn child or little child and family to get different administrations

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Strategies for Identification When giving administrations to families who have youngsters (K-12), ask about the likelihood of having more youthful kids not in essential training Partner with family shelt

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