ZigBee .


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Long battery life, selectable idleness for controllers, sensors, remote checking and convenient gadgets. Designed for most extreme battery life, ...
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ZigBee ™ : Wireless Control Made Simple Track: ZigBee Wireless & Mobile WorldExpo NTC Toronto, Canada Matt Maupin Technical Marketer

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Agenda ZigBee Market Overview Wireless Technology Market Applications Market Forecast IEEE ® STD 802.15.4 Primer Robust and Reliable, Standards-based radio and convention ZigBee Overview Mission and Objectives Organization Feature Set Application Examples ZigBee Networking Basics

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Where Does ZigBee Fit? Remote Video Applications Faster Video UWB Data Wireless Data Applications 802.11g 802.11a IrDA Wi-Fi® Voice Peak Data Rate 802.11b Wireless Sensors 2.5G/3G Bluetooth™ Monitoring & Control Wireless Networking ZigBee™ Slower Closer Farther Range Sources: WRH + Co

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ZigBee Alliance

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ZigBee Mission The ZigBee Alliance is a relationship of organizations cooperating to empower dependable, financially savvy, low-control, remotely arranged, checking and control items in view of an open worldwide standard

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ZigBee Alliance ZigBee Alliance: Consortium of >150 organizations Freescale is one of 8 World-Class Promoter Companies with an aggregate business sector top of more than US $150B Over 140 Participant and adopter organizations including over twelve OEMs with a business sector top of US $200B Solid Hardware/Software Platform base accessible now Silicon prepared for volume generation 1.0 Specification affirmed in December Home Control Lighting Profile included HVAC, security, home robotization and modern procedure control will take after Specification accessible to open in April 2005 Interoperability Program Freescale\'s item had passed consistence testing Certification Program prepared in Q2 2005

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ZigBee is intended to be a low power, minimal effort, low information rate, remote arrangement. ZigBee depends upon the hearty IEEE 802.15.4 PHY/MAC to give solid information move in uproarious, impedance rich situations ZigBee layers on top of 15.4 with Mesh Networking, Security, and Applications control ZigBee Value Propositions Addresses the one of a kind needs of most remote checking and control system applications Infrequent, low rate and little parcel information Enables the wide based organization of remote systems with minimal effort & low influence arrangements Example: Lighting, security, HVAC, Supports shared, star and work systems Monitor and sensor applications that need a battery life of years on antacid batteries Example – security frameworks, smoke alerts

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Protocol Stack Features ZigBee Based upon the vigorous, dependable, global IEEE 802.15.4 standard IEEE STD 802.15.4 ® Designed by Motorola, Philips and different organizations to supply the radio and convention, permitting the creator to focus on the application and their clients\' needs APPLICATION/PROFILES ZigBee APPLICATION FRAMEWORK NETWORK/SECURTIY LAYERS ZigBee Alliance Platform MAC LAYER IEEE PHY LAYER Application ZigBee Platform Stack Silicon

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ZigBee is Mesh Networking

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Network Topology Models Mesh Star PAN organizer (PANC) Full Function Device (FFD,Router) Cluster Tree Reduced Function Device (RFD)

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ZigBee is Mesh Networking ZigBee Coordinator ZigBee Router ZigBee End Device ZigBee Device Associations

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ZigBee Markets and Applications

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ZigBee Wireless Markets and Applications CONSUMER ELECTRONICS Remote Control BUILDING AUTOMATION Security, HVAC, AMR, Lighting Control, Access C ontrol PC & PERIPHERALS Mouse, Keyboard, Joystick RESIDENTIAL/LIGHT COMMERCIAL CONTROL S ecurity, HVAC, Lighting Control, Access Control INDUSTRIAL CONTROL Asset Mgt, Process Control, Energy Mgt PERSONAL HEALTH CARE Patient observing

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802.15.4/ZigBee Market Size Strong development in ranges, for example, remote sensors will fuel the development of 802.15.4 and ZigBee Harbor Research reports that by 2008, 100 million remote sensors will be being used On World reports that by 2010, all the more then 500 million hubs will transport for remote sensor applications ABI Research gauges shipments of ZigBee gadgets in 2005 at around 1 million, developing to 80 million units before the end of 2006 In-Stat 2004 report has a forceful figure of more than 150 million yearly units of 802.15.4 and ZigBee chipsets by 2008

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IEEE 802.15.4 Overview

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IEEE 802.15.4 Basics Simple bundle information convention for lightweight remote systems Released in May 2003 Channel Access is by means of Carrier Sense Multiple Access with impact evasion and discretionary time opening Message affirmation and a discretionary reference point structure Multi-level security Works well for Long battery life, selectable dormancy for controllers, sensors, remote observing and versatile hardware Configured for greatest battery life, can possibly keep going the length of the timeframe of realistic usability of most batteries

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2.412 2.462 2.4835 (end of ISM Band) 2.437 2.40 2.41 2.42 2.43 2.44 2.45 2.46 2.47 2.48 Possible 802.11 Channel (North America) 802.11 Spectrum Occupancy (Typical) Normal Channel Occupancy 802.11 DSSS

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IEEE 802.15.4 MAC Employs 64-bit IEEE & 16-bit short addresses Ultimate system size can be >> hubs (more than we\'ll likely need… ) Using neighborhood tending to, basic systems of more than 65,000 (2^16) hubs can be arranged, with diminished address overhead Three gadgets indicated Network Coordinator Full Function Device (FFD) Reduced Function Device (RFD) Simple casing structure Reliable conveyance of information Association/disassociation AES-128 security CSMA-CA station access Optional superframe structure with signals Optional GTS instrument

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Key Features IEEE® 802.15.4 Compliant 2.4GHz 16 selectable stations 250Kbps Data Rate 250Kbps 0-QPSK DSSS Multiple Power Saving Modes Hibernate 2.3uA Doze 35uA Idle 500uA RF Data Modem Up to 7 GPIO SPI Interface to Micro Internal Timer comparators (decrease MCU assets) - 16.6dBm to +3.6dBm yield influence Software selectable On-chip controller Up to - 92 Rx affectability at 1% PER 2V to 3.4 working voltage - 40˚C to +85˚C working temperature Low outer part tally Requires single 16Mhz Xtal (Auto Trim) 5mmx5mm QFN-32 Lead-Free MC13191/2/3 MC9S08GT Family Analog Receiver GPIO Sensors MMA Series Accelerometers MPX Series Pressure Sensors MC Series Ion and Smoke Photo Sensors HCS08 CPU BDM SPI Flash Memory 8-ch 10-Bit ADC Frequency Generator Digital Transceiver Timers RAM 2xSCI Control Logic Analog Transmitter SPI IIC LVI 4-ch 16-bit Timer Buffer RAM COP IRQ Arbiter RAM Arbiter Internal Clock Generator Up to 36 GPIO Power Management Voltage Regulators Freescale 802.15.14 Radio Example

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ZigBee Technology Overview

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ZigBee Architecture Objectives Enables practical, low influence, solid gadgets for observing and control ZigBee\'s engineering created to target situations and applications most appropriate to the innovation Provide a stage and execution for remotely organized gadgets Ensure interoperability through the meaning of utilization profiles Define the ZigBee system and stack models Provide the structure to permit a partition of attentiveness toward the determination, configuration, and usage of ZigBee gadgets Allow future augmentation of ZigBee

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ZigBee Feature Set ZigBee V1.0 Ad-hoc self shaping systems Mesh, Cluster Tree and Star Logical Device Types Coordinator, Router and End Device Applications Device and Service Discovery Messaging with discretionary reactions Home Controls Lighting Profile General component to characterize private Profiles Security Symmetric Key with AES-128 Authentication and Encryption at MAC, NWK and Application levels Master Keys, Network Keys and Link Keys Qualification Conformance Certification (Platform and Profile) Interoperability Events

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How A ZigBee Network Forms Devices are pre-customized for their system capacity Coordinator outputs to locate an unused station to begin a system Router (network gadget inside a system) sweeps to locate a dynamic station to join, then allows different gadgets to join End Device will dependably attempt to join a current system Devices find different gadgets in the system giving corresponding administrations Service Discovery can be started from any gadget inside the system Devices can be bound to different gadgets offering reciprocal administrations Binding gives an order and control highlight for uncommonly distinguished arrangements of gadgets

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ZigBee Stack Architecture Basics Addressing Every gadget has a novel 64 bit MAC address Upon affiliation, each gadget gets an interesting 16 bit system address Only the 16 bit system location is utilized to course bundles inside the system Devices hold their 16 bit address in the event that they separate from the system, nonetheless, if the LEAVE the system, the 16 bit location is re-relegated NWK communicate actualized over the MAC: NWK address 0xFFFF is the communicate address Special calculation in NWK to engender the message "Best Effort" or "Ensured Delivery" alternatives Radius Limited Broadcast highlight

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How a ZigBee Network Forms?

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ZigBee Network Model ZigBee Coordinator (FFD) ZigBee Router (FFD) ZigBee End Device (RFD or FFD) Mesh Link Star systems bolster a solitary ZigBee organizer with one or more ZigBee End Devices (up to 65,536 in principle) Mesh system directing licenses way development from any source gadget to any destination gadget

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Wireless Networking Basics Network Scan Device filters the 16 channels to decide the best channel to involve. Making/Joining a PAN Device can make a system (organizer) on a free station or join a current system Device Discovery Device inquiries the system to find the personality of gadgets on dynamic stations Service Discovery Device checks for bolstered administrations on gadgets inside the system Binding Devices impart through summon/control informing

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PAN Coordinator "possesses" the net

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