Jobs and Workforce Development in the Clean, Green, Energy Economy Presenter: Dave Jackson US Department of Labor, Office of Apprenticeship
“Green Jobs” in Context • Green jobs are defined as “a family supporting, career track job that directly contributes to preserving or enhancing environmental quality.” -- Van Jones, The Green Collar Economy • Some jobs are greener than others. • Estimates of new green jobs range from 4 to 40 million and may be direct, indirect, or tangential.
Big Picture:What is Driving Green? Save the Planet: Environmental Reform Economic Recovery & Job Creation Economic Competitiveness Energy Independence, Efficiency, and Security New Legislation/$$$$$$$ Eco-Equality/ Environmental Justice
Greener Pathways:A Report to Look At • Focus on key clean energy sector • Green-collar training in energy efficiency, wind power, and biofuels • Case studies of industry & workforce development • Federal resources & legislation • Policy Principles for state green jobs initiatives • Available at www.cows.org
Green Job Investment • Building a competitive and equitable green economy • Means investing in the backbone of America’s labor force • Workers with more than high school, but less than a four-year degree. • Few New Occupations • A limited number of green-collar workers in just-invented jobs • The new energy economy will be built and sustained by middle-skill workers in traditional occupations. • Many skills of the greener future are closely related to the skills of today. • Examples: • Electricians retrofitting buildings for energy efficiency • Lab technicians ensuring quality control in ethanol plants • Machinists crafting wind turbine components • Technicians maintaining them • This means middle-skill jobs in the clean energy future
What are Green-Collar Jobs? • Looks a lot like jobs in traditional industries • Largely middle-skill • more than H.S., less than B.A. required • The job creation potential is enormous • Most clean energy jobs offer living wages and career pathways • Many are difficult to offshore
Snapshot: Jobs in Energy Efficiency • The fastest, cheapest way for states to address global warming • Reduce energy costs for their poorest citizens, • Creates and sustains good jobs • Primarily at residential retrofits, but also includes commercial/ industrial retrofits, green building, and green manufacturing
Jobs in energy efficiency retrofitting look a lot like traditional construction jobs. A good place to start greening career pathways in the building trades is through apprenticeship and related programs, some of which are currently constructing workable pathways out of poverty. Every $1 Million invested in efficiency retrofits generates eight to eleven on-site jobs. Job numbers rise if we include indirect economic effects. State and municipal retrofitting programs will need to be tied to regional training programs, as the construction and building trades face imminent shortages of skilled workers. Key Points:Energy Efficiency
Moderate Term OJT Average Wage: 10.24 – 18.45 Construction laborers Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall Cement masons and concrete finishers Hazardous materials removal workers Long Term OJT Average Wage: 10.48 – 24.42 Sheet metal workers HVAC mechanics and installers Carpenters Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters Electricians Boilermakers Jobs to Watch Energy and indoor air quality auditor Deconstruction worker HVAC operations and maintenance technician Systems technician Solar installer and technician Examples of:Energy Efficiency Jobs Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Snapshot: Jobs in Wind • Rapid and high profile growth in the U.S. and abroad • Its potential as an economic driver in both urban and rural areas, • Its capacity for job creation in manufacturing as well as installation and operations. • Component part manufacturing for wind turbines holds particular promise.
Jobs in wind turbine production look a lot like traditional manufacturing jobs. To stabilize carbon emission levels, the U.S. needs to add 185,000 MW of renewable energy in ten years. Total employment in U.S. manufacturing is declining. Public and private investment in renewables can help connect the industrial base to a more sustainable future, thereby preserving domestic manufacturing jobs. The Renewable Energy Policy Project calculates wind power’s share to be roughly 125,000 MW, which would support close to 400,000 domestic manufacturing jobs. Key Points:Wind Turbine Production Jobs
Short Term OJT Average Wage: 10.45 – 17.95 Laborers and freight, stock, and movers Moderate Term OJT Average Wage: 10.41 – 19.41 CNC machine tool operators, Customer service representatives Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders Maintenance and repair workers, general Production, planning, and expediting clerks Team assemblers Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers Long Term OJT Average Wage: 14.74 – 24.95 Machinists Jobs to Watch Wind energy technician Wind energy mechanic Windsmith Examples of:Wind Turbine Production Jobs Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Snapshot: Jobs in Biofuels • Mounting evidence – currently not particularly good for either the environment or the job market. • Yet the industry has taken root, is growing rapidly, and generates increasing policy interest and investment, • Jobs in ethanol and biodiesel production.
Jobs in biofuels often look like traditional chemical mfg. jobs. Jobs in biodiesel and ethanol production pay decent wages, but offer few jobs: Increasing the scale of production does not significantly increase employment. The job creation potential of biofuel refineries has been greatly exaggerated. Local ownership demonstrably boosts indirect economic impacts. Metal manufacturing jobs will likely be in demand as the biofuels industry matures. While no empirical studies yet exist on the nature and scale of the requisite supply chains, we do know that the biofuel infrastructure needs capital goods—tanks, boilers, centrifuges, etc. As traditional shops step up to produce them, skilled labor will be in high demand. Key Points:BioFuels Production Jobs
Short Term OJT Average Wage: 9.94 – 15.66 Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks Laborers and freight, stock, and movers Moderate Term OJT Average Wage: 11.80 – 33.97 Chemical equipment operators and tenders Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders Sales representatives, wholesale and mfg., technical and scientific products Separating, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer Long Term OJT Average Wage: 17.70 – 26.02 Chemical plant and system operators Chemical technicians* Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment Jobs to Watch Ethanol plant technician Ethanol plant operator Ethanol maintenance mechanic Biodiesel laboratory tech. Biodiesel maintenance mechanic Biodiesel process control Examples of:BioFuels Production Jobs Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
So Let’s Start to Build Jobs in the Clean, Green, Energy Economy • Any Questions???