POSC 100 Study GuideRicardo Salas Part 4 Assignment 27
[Notice] Dear students: The odd-numbered questions are answered for you. The answers to the even-numbered questions are the result of your readings. This is to assure that you are understanding the material. Good luck!
Welfare & Educational Policy • T or F Questions (5) • Multiple Choice questions (17) • Fill-in Questions (1)
True or False 1/5 Welfare was traditionally a responsibility of the federal government not the states but has evolved into a joint enterprise between the federal government and the states.
Answer 1/5 False
True or False 2/5 Poverty among African Americans and Hispanics is twice as likely compared to whites.
True or False 3/5 The United States has the lowest percentage of people living in poverty among the industrialized nations.
Answer 3/5 False
True or False 4/4 According to Patterson, most of the poor in the U.S. are in this situation as result of choice rather than circumstance.
True or False 5/5 Most states require both employees and employers to pay taxes that fund unemployment benefits.
Answer 5/5 False
Multiple Choice Questions • The following questions are multiple choices. Select the most appropriate answer.
1/17 A prevailing principle, “equality of opportunity,” is best reflected in the following area: a) the military b) public education c) health care d) environmental protection.
Answer 1/17 b
2/17 The government defined poverty in 2007 for a family of 4 with an annual income less than: a) $15,000 b) $18,000 c) $20,000 d) $23,000
3/17 About how many people live in poverty in the United States? a) 20 million b) 26 million c) 31 million d) 35 million.
Answer 3/17 d
4/17 Charles Murray in "Losing Ground," argued that members of the underclass: a) are simply victims of the free enterprise system b) the result of the market that has both positive and negative circumstances that results in fixed unemployment c) are permanent and prefer to live on welfare d) need government assistance to alleviate the hardships of poverty.
5/17 The U.S. Bureau of the Census estimates that Americans that what per cent of full-time workers do not earn enough to lift their family above the poverty line? a) 5 % b) 10% c) 15% d) 18%.
Answer 5/17 b
6/17 Prior to the federal government assuming some role in social welfare policy, the states were given this responsibility based on the following: a) Ninth Amendment b) Tenth Amendment c) Twelfth Amendment d) Fourteenth Amendment.
7/17 Government governs best by staying out of people's lives, giving them as much freedom as possible to determine their own pursuits and encouraging them to become self-reliant: a) government responsibility b) public accountability c) negative government d) individual initiative.
Answer 7/17 c
8/17 At one point during the Great Depression, what percent of the nation's work force were unemployed? a) 15% b) 20% c) 25% d) 35%
9/17 The idea that government intervention is necessary in order to enhance personal liberty and security when individuals are buffeted by economic and social forces beyond their control: a) government stewardship b) public security c) political enhancement d) positive government.
Answer 9/17 d
10/17 Lyndon Johnson's programs that included federal initiatives in health care, education, public housing, nutrition, and other areas came to be called: a) the Last Frontier b) the New Deal c) the Great Society d) New Federalism.
11/17 Government benefits given directly to individual recipients, such as the monthly social security checks that retirees receive: a) deficit assistance b) public contributions c) transfer payments d) allocation appropriations.
Answer 11/17 c
12/17 How many Americans are receiving social security and medicare? a) 25 million b) 32 million c) 38 million d) 40 million.
13/17 How much do social security and Medicare cost the federal government annually? a) $350 billion b) $800 billion c) $ 1 trillion d) $1.3 trillion.
Answer 13/17 b
14/17 Only those individuals who paid special payroll taxes when they were employed are eligible for benefits: a) social insurance programs b) public assistance programs c) social welfare programs d) government subsidized assistance.
15/17 Although people qualify for social security by paying payroll taxes during their working years, the money they receive upon retirement is funded by: a) government investments generated from the stock market b) the retirees themselves c) payroll taxes on current workers' salaries d) corporate and capital gains taxes.
Answer 15/17 c
16/17 What is the reason why most Americans do not provide unemployment benefits broad public support? a) Because they feel that the economy is the primary problem b) Because of their religious faith c) Because they feel that the government is the true culprit d) Because they believe it is a personal failing on the part of the unemployed individual.
17/17 According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, of those workers who lost their jobs in 2001, what per cent were fired or quit voluntarily? a) 13% b) 17% c) 38% d) 55%
Answer 17/17 a