The Relationship of Antagonistic Adolescence Encounters to Grown-up Wellbeing Status - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Relationship of Antagonistic Adolescence Encounters to Grown-up Wellbeing Status

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  1. The Relationship of Adverse Childhood Experiences to Adult Health Status A collaborative effort of Kaiser Permanente and The Centers for Disease Control Vincent J. Felitti, M.D. Robert F. Anda, M.D.

  2. The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study • The largest study of its kind ever done to examine the health and social effects of adverse childhood experiences over the lifespan (18,000 participants)

  3. What do we mean by Adverse Childhood Experiences? • Experiences that represent medical and social problems of national importance. • - childhood abuse and neglect • - growing up with domestic violence, substance abuse or mental illness in the home, parental loss, or crime

  4. ACE Study Design Survey Wave 1 -- complete 71% response (9,508/13,454) n=15,000 71% response Mortality National Death Index Morbidity Hospital Discharge Outpatient Visits Emergency Room Visits Pharmacy Utilization Present vs. & All medical evaluations abstracted Health Status Survey Wave II n=15,000 All medical evaluations abstracted

  5. The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study • Summary of Findings: • Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are very common • ACEs are strong predictors of laterhealth risks and disease • This combination makes ACEs the leading determinant of the health and social well-being of our nation

  6. Category Prevalence(%) Abuse, by Category Psychological (by parents) 11% Physical (by parents) 11% Sexual (anyone) 22% Household Dysfunction, by Category Substance Abuse 26% Mental Illness 19% Mother Treated Violently 13% Imprisoned Household Member 3% Categories of Adverse Childhood Experiences

  7. Adverse Childhood Experiences Score Number of categories adverse childhood experiences are summed … ACE score Prevalence 0 48% 1 25% 2 13% 3 7% 4 or more 7% • More than half have at least one ACE • If one ACE is present, the ACE Score is likely to range from 2.4 to 4

  8. Adverse Childhood Experiences vs. Current Smoking %

  9. Smoking to Self-Medicate

  10. ACE Score vs. Smoking and COPD

  11. Molestation in Childhood

  12. Childhood Experiences vs. Adult Alcoholism 4+ 3 2 1 0

  13. Some say depression is genetic.Some say depression is due to a chemical imbalance.

  14. Might depression be a normal response toabnormal life experiences?

  15. Childhood Experiences Underlie Chronic Depression

  16. Childhood Experiences Underlie Suicide 4+ 3 2 1 0

  17. Estimates of the Population Attributable Risk*of ACEs for Selected Outcomes in Women *That portion of a condition attributable to specific risk factors

  18. Adverse Childhood Experiences vs.Likelihood of > 50 Sexual Partners

  19. Adverse Childhood Experiences vs.History of STD

  20. Adverse Childhood Experiences and the Risk of: *Adjusted Odds Ratio

  21. ChildhoodExperiences Underlie Rape 4+ 3 2 1 0

  22. ACE Score and Hallucinations Abused Alcohol or Drugs Ever Hallucinated* (%) ACE Score *Adjusted for age, sex, race, and education.

  23. Adverse Childhood Experiences and the Risk of: *Adjusted Odds Ratio

  24. Estimates of the Population Attributable Risk*of ACEs for Selected Outcomes in Women *That portion of a condition attributable to specific risk factors

  25. “Addiction is due to the characteristics intrinsic in the molecular structure of some substance.” The traditional concept:

  26. “Addiction highly correlates with characteristics intrinsic to that individual’s childhood experiences.” We find that:

  27. ACE Score vs. Intravenous Drug Use N = 8,022 p<0.001

  28. Adverse Childhood Experiences and the Risk of: *Adjusted Odds Ratio

  29. Estimates of the Population Attributable Risk*of ACEs for Selected Outcomes in Women *That portion of a condition attributable to specific risk factors

  30. Adverse Childhood Experiences determine the likelihood of the ten most common causes of death in the United States. Top 10 Risk Factors: smoking, severe obesity, physical inactivity, depression, suicide attempt, alcoholism, illicit drug use, injected drug use, 50+ sexual partners, history of STD (sexually transmitted disease).

  31. With an ACE Score of 0, the majority of adults have few, if any, risk factors for these diseases.

  32. However, with an ACE Score of 4 or more, the majority of adults have multiple risk factors for these diseases or the diseases themselves.

  33. Effect of ACEs on Mortality Age Group

  34. Many chronic diseasesin adults are determineddecades earlier, in childhood.

  35. Their risk factors are alsoreliable markers for antecedent problems.“In my end is my beginning.”T.S. Eliot - Quartets

  36. Dismissing them as “bad habits” or“self-destructive behavior” totallymisses their function.

  37. ACE Score vs. Serious Job Problems

  38. Much of what causes time tobe lost from work is actuallypredetermined decades earlierby the adverse experiencesof childhood.

  39. Premature mortality and excess morbidity are typically the result of a small number of common diseases. ACE = Parental Loss

  40. Evidence from ACE Study Suggests:These chronic diseases in adults are determined decades earlier, by the experiences of childhood. Affective Response

  41. Evidence from ACE Study Suggests:Risk factors for these diseases are initiated during childhood or adolescence . . . Seeking to Cope

  42. Evidence from ACE Study Suggests:. . . and continue into adult life. Outcome: social and biomedical damage

  43. Another possible outcome.

  44. The risk factors underlyingthese adult diseases areeffective coping devices.

  45. Why is this so difficult to treat later?

  46. What is conventionallyviewed as a problem is actually a solution to an unrecognized prior adversity.

  47. Evidence from ACE Study Suggests:Adverse childhood experiences are the most basiccause of health risk behaviors, morbidity, disability, mortality, and healthcare costs.

  48. Early Early Death Death Death Birth Disease, Disability Adoption of Health-risk Behaviors Social, Emotional, & Cognitive Impairment Adverse Childhood Experiences Adverse Childhood Experiences The Influence of AdverseChildhood Experiences Throughout Life

  49. “The truth about childhood is stored up in our bodies and lives in the depths of our souls. Our intellect can be deceived, our feelings can be numbed and manipulated, our perceptions shamed and confused, our bodies tricked with medication, but our soul never forgets. And because we are one, one whole soul in one body, someday our body will present its bill.” Alice Miller