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  1. Notes/Changes • Briefer – if service members are completing the health assessment through AKO you may hide/omit/modify slides 25 though 31. They are for use if the service member is filling out the hard copy form DD 2796 • V03.06 – added Post-Deployment Health Reassessment Form information

  2. OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM Re-Deployment Medical Threat Briefing Name & Unit Prepared by: U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine (800) 222-9698/ DSN 584-4375/(410) 436-4375 http://usachppm.apgea.army.mil

  3. Re-deployment Medical Briefing • Purpose of this briefing • Background on health concerns • Health threats from this region • Re-deployment medical requirements • Homecoming Stress • Summary and where to get more information

  4. Purpose of this briefing To ensure that any concerns you may have about your health are addressed and that you understand the medical requirements for re-deployment

  5. Background • Over 300,000 US and Coalition Forces are re-deploying from support of Operation Iraqi Freedom • Of utmost importance is force health protection and addressing concerns you might have about your health

  6. Medical Requirements for Re-deployment • In-theater • Receiving this post-deployment medical threat briefing • Completing the Post-Deployment Health Assessment (DD Form 2796) • Receiving post-deployment medical screening (of 2796), testing, and follow-up • Understanding where to go for health problems or concerns after you return home • Home Station • Tuberculosis skin test (TB), blood draw and any indicated referral appointments, DD2900

  7. Threat Categories Infectious Vector borne Animal associated Environmental Diarrheal diseases Tuberculosis Malaria Dengue Meningococcal Meningitis Leishmaniasis Q-Fever Rabies Avian Influenza Sandfly Fever Schistosomiasis Typhoid/Paratyphoid Typhus Boutonneuse Fever West Nile Fever Leptospirosis Medical Threats for the Region

  8. The most commonly reported health problems observed in theater: Upper respiratory illness Diarrhea Common Health Problems Reported

  9. Upper Respiratory Infection • Can be caused by a number of different things, viruses, bacteria, dust particles • The contributing factors are close living quarters, variation in sleep routine, stress, change in hygiene habits • Symptoms resolve in a few days • If you are experiencing signs of a cold, like draining sinuses, sore throat or cough for more than 2 weeks, seek medical attention

  10. Diarrheal Diseases • It is normal for almost everyone to have some bowel disturbances due to changes in diet and eating habits • Can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites • If you currently have diarrhea symptoms (loose watery stools, more than 3 times per day), speak to a health care provider

  11. Infectious Diseases: STDs/Bloodborne • Sexually Transmitted and/or Bloodborne Diseases • HIV/AIDS • Gonorrhea • Chlamydia • Syphilis • Hepatitis B If you abstained from sexual contact while deployed, you are not at risk for STDs

  12. Infectious Diseases: Tuberculosis • Tuberculosis disease is present in the Iraqi local population • Caused by a bacteria spread by coughing, sneezing, speaking, or spitting from infected persons • Symptoms • Cough continuing for a long time, chest pain, weight loss, night sweats, fever, and weakness • The TB skin test will show if you have been exposed to someone with active disease, not necessarily that you have the disease

  13. Infectious Diseases: Malaria • Blood parasite transmitted by mosquitoes • Disease is not in Kuwait • Your risk is very low in most Iraq locations and is seasonally influenced • Symptoms • Incubation period: 8-14 days • Symptoms: fever, flu-like illness, chills, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue • If you are at high risk of getting this disease you will be told to take malaria drugs • Follow your instructions completely to avoid getting sick!

  14. Infectious Diseases: Leishmaniasis • A parasite transmitted by sand fly bites • Symptoms • Non-healing sores • Sometimes - fever, weight loss, weakness, anemia, swelling of spleen and liver • Symptoms can appear weeks to months after getting bitten • If you experience any of these symptoms, while deployed or after you get home, make sure you speak to a health care provider! Sand flies are very small - only one-third the size of mosquitoes.

  15. Animal Associated Diseases • Naturally occurring Anthrax • Rabies • Avian Influenza

  16. Anthrax(Naturally Occurring) • No exposure to bioagent Anthrax reported • Bacteria transmitted by animals, animal hides or contaminated meat • Symptoms • On skin. Progresses from bump blister ulcer, swelling, and fever • If you have an ulcer with a black scab or that has had a difficult time healing, please make sure you speak to a health care provider

  17. Rabies • The wild dogs roaming troop areas in Kuwait and Iraq could be carrying rabies • Caused by virus in the saliva of infected mammals or bats • Rabies is nearly 100% fatal • If you were bitten by a dog, or any other animal, post exposure treatment must be started immediately

  18. Animal Contact Diseases Avian Influenza H5N1 • Rare cases of H5N1 influenza could occur in operational forces exposed to infected poultry flocks. • In the unlikely event that H5N1 influenza gains the ability to efficiently spread directly from person to person, initiating a human influenza pandemic, a significant number of operational forces worldwide could be affected. • Very severe illness; fatality rate higher than 50% in symptomatic cases • Seek medical treatment immediately if you feel ill.

  19. Other Disease Threats • Other less common infectious diseases are covered in your Redeployment Medical Guide for Missions in Support of Operation Iraqi Freedom tri-fold

  20. Environmental Threats • Environmental assessments ongoing at all primary troop locations in Kuwait and Iraq • Air, soil and water analyzed for: • Pesticides • Chemicals and heavy metals • Radiation • As of May, 2003, particulate matter (dust) levels were a moderate hazard but no other health risks found • Smoke from battlefield and oil well fires was not a health hazard

  21. Environmental Threats: Dust • Dust levels are consistently higher than other areas of the world • Smoke and air pollution are similar to many industrial areas in the US • Can cause runny nose, sore throat and cough; may worsen allergies • Symptoms usually resolve in a few days after leaving the area; if not, seek medical attention

  22. Post Deployment Requirements • In-theater • Receiving this post-deployment medical threat briefing • Completing the Post-Deployment Health Assessment (DD Form 2796) • Receiving post-deployment medical screening (of 2796), testing, and follow-up • Understanding where to go for health problems or concerns after you return home • Home Station • TB skin test, blood draw and referral appointments, DD 2900

  23. DEPLOYMENT HEALTH ASSESSMENTS • Available through AKO under the “My Medical Readiness” link

  24. DEPLOYMENT HEALTH ASSESSMENTS

  25. Post-Deployment Health Assessment Form Page 1: Service Member Administrative Information

  26. Post Deployment Health Assessment Form • DD Form 2796 must be completed no more than 30 daysprior to departing for home station • Page 1: Administrative information • Deployment location • Country, list all • Operation Iraqi Freedom *You will need your DD 2796 in hand to depart from theater*Do not pack it in your bags

  27. Post Deployment Health Assessment Form

  28. Post Deployment Health Assessment Form • Page 2: Service Member Report • Report vaccinations, medications, and health care during deployment process • Report experiences, symptoms or concerns • Page 3: Service Member Report • Report possible exposures and duration • Identify potentially hazardous situations that may concern you *You will need your DD 2796 to out-process from theater*

  29. Post-Deployment Health Assessment Form Page 4: Health Care Provider Assessment

  30. Redeployment Requirements • In-theater • Redeployment medical threat briefing • Post-deployment health assessment (DD Form 2796) • Post-deployment medical screening, testing, and follow-up • Know where to go for health problems or concerns after you return home • Home Station • Tuberculosis skin test, blood draw and referral appointments, DD2900

  31. Post Deployment Health Assessment Form • Page 4: Health Assessment • Face-to-face discussion with Health Care Provider (HCP) • Answer based on how you are feeling today • Review ofcompleted DD 2796 with HCP • Follow-up may be recommended at home station • Answering yes to any questions will not delay your departure from theater *Hand-carry a copy of your DD 2796 all the way through your home station out-processing*

  32. Redeployment Requirements • In-theater • Redeployment medical threat briefing • Post-deployment health assessment (DD Form 2796) • Post-deployment medical screening, testing, and follow-up • Know where to go for health problems or concerns after you return home • Home Station • Tuberculosis skin test, blood draw and referral appointments, DD2900

  33. Directions for post-deployment health questions and concerns • Step 1 • Be aware that some conditions (like malaria, tuberculosis, and others) may not produce symptoms for weeks to months after you return home. • Step 2 • Contact your local MTF or civilian health care provider for problems, questions, or concerns noticed after re-deployment, and make sure to tell him/her about your deployment. • Step 3 • If you feel ill, your primary health care provider can do an initial assessment. If symptoms persist or your condition is not improving, make sure you return to your health care provider. • Step 4 • The DoD Deployment Health Clinical Center is always available to answer your questions, and any questions your health care provider (civilian or military) may have about your health.

  34. DoD Deployment Health Clinical Center Walter Reed Army Medical Center 6900 Georgia Avenue, NW Building 2, Room 3G04 Washington, DC 20307-5001 Phone: (202) 782-6563 Fax: (202) 782-3539 DSN: 662-3577 Toll Free Help Line: (800) 796-9699 http://www.pdhealth.mil Remember “deploymenthealth.mil”

  35. Redeployment Requirements • In-theater • Redeployment medical threat briefing • Post-deployment health assessment (DD Form 2796) • Post-deployment medical screening, testing, and follow-up • Know where to go for health problems or concerns after you return home • Home Station • Tuberculosis skin test, blood draw and referral appointments, DD2900

  36. Preventive Measures Required • Tuberculosis Skin Test • A skin test on the forearm to show if you have been exposed to tuberculosis • Delayed onset of positive test in some folks requires that you be tested twice: • At the time of redeployment • At 3-6 months after redeployment (Date will be indicated on your DD Form 2796) • You must return 48-72 hours after the test to have it read and documented by a health care professional • Blood sample taken at home station

  37. DD FORM 2900 • Post Deployment Health Reassessment • Completed 3-6 months after re-deployment • Must complete the demographic information portion; the remainder of the form is voluntary • The form will be completed through AKO or MEDPROS at a screening location • A healthcare provider will review and discuss your answers with you

  38. Blood Donation • If you get malaria you will be deferred from donating blood for 3 years Soldiers who have been to Iraq cannot donate blood for a year after redeploying.

  39. Reunion with family and friends • Reunion is a part of the deployment cycle and can be filled with joy and stress. Reintegration into the family structure is a critical process. • Refer to the A Soldier and Family Guide to redeploying for things to remember during reunion with family and friends. • Chaplains and counselors are available to help cope with homecoming stress

  40. Summary • Background • Post Deployment Requirements • Potential health threats • Completion of DD Form 2796 • Where to go for health information • Homecoming Stress

  41. Conclusion It is important to the US military and the Nation that you enjoy good health as you rejoin your family and friends upon return to home station. If you have health problems or concerns, it is critical that you let someone know. It will not delay your departure for home station. Are there any questions?