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Wind Powering Oklahoma

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  1. Wind Powering Oklahoma Wind Power For Landowners OCCC April 25, 2009 Angie Albers, Project Coordinator Oklahoma Wind Power Initiative (405) 325-8870 albers@ou.edu

  2. Who Is OWPI? What Do We Do?

  3. OWPI formed in 1999 Funded by the Oklahoma Department of Commerce & Wind Powering America Collaborative project of OU and OSU Named outstanding wind working group in 2007 by Wind Powering America • OWPI objectives: • Policy study • Research • Outreach • Educational programs • Community meetings • Wind resource assessment • Meteorological towers • Promote economic development

  4. Oklahoma Wind Resource Map *at 50 meters above ground

  5. Wind Power Economics

  6. GWEC, 2008

  7. AWEA, 2009

  8. AWEA, 2009

  9. Increased energy demand Improved technology Green energy mandates Favorable economics

  10. Cost of Wind Energy Low wind speed sites Bulk Power Competitive Price Band High wind speed sites

  11. Wind Energy 101

  12. Small (10 kW) • Homes • Farms • Remote Application • Intermediate • (10-250 kW) • Village Power • Hybrid Systems • Distributed Power • Large (660 kW - 2+MW) • Central Station Wind Farms • Distributed Power • Community Wind Courtesy of USDOE

  13. The Power In Wind Wind Power Density WPD = Pwr / A = ½ * ρ * V^3 Important Point Power is proportional to CUBE of wind speed As wind speed goes up a little, wind power density increases a lot! Tribal Environmental Summit November 20, 2008

  14. The Development Process

  15. How Are Wind Farms Developed? • Development companies choose locations that are known for wind resources • Put up meteorological tower • Lease land • Environmental studies • Acquire interest from utility in purchasing power • Request for interconnection to the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) • Acquire financing • Power sold to utility • Construction begins

  16. How Can I Get My Land Developed Check your wind resource Talk to your neighbors Has there been a developer in the area? Are they interested in working together? Contact OWPI or State Energy Program for developer information Note: In general developers will seek you out!

  17. Wind Farms In Oklahoma

  18. Installed Commercial Wind Power In Oklahoma 831 MW Coming Soon: “OU Spirit” near Keenan, OK ~100 MW Blue Canyon expansion ~99 MW 10 West of Elk City, OK by Next Era Energy Resources 98.9 MW

  19. Oklahoma Wind Farms Blue Canyon I and II (northwest of Lawton) 74.25 MW 2003 (Western Farmers Electric Coop) 151.2 MW 2005 (Public Service Co.) Woodward Wind Energy Center 51 MW 2003 (OK Municipal Power Authority) 51 MW 2003 (Oklahoma Gas & Electric)

  20. Weatherford Wind Energy Center 106.5 MW 2005 (Public Service Co.) 40.5 MW 2005 (Public Service Co.) Centennial Wind Energy Project (Fort Supply) 60 MW 2006 (Oklahoma Gas & Electric) 60 MW 2007 (Oklahoma Gas & Electric) Sleeping Bear (Harper County) 95.5 MW 2007 (Public Service Co.)

  21. Buffalo Bear (Harper County) 18.9 MW (Western Farmers Electric Coop) • Red Hills (north of Elk City) • - 123 MW • -Market Power

  22. How Can Wind Power Benefit Rural Oklahoma? Photo Courtesy Of Horizon Wind Energy

  23. Commercial Grade Wind And Population-loss Counties Oklahoma Wind Power Initiative Allen Finchum

  24. Wind Energy Benefits • Create jobs in the community • Could this bring people back to their hometowns? • Additional income for farmers, with little change in usable acreage • Ad valorem incentive brings money into the community schools, hospitals, roads, etc. • Businesses are booming during development • Reducing dependency on foreign oil?

  25. Weatherford Wind Energy CenterFlorida Power & Light • Phase I: 106.5 mw • Phase ii: 40.5 mw • ~ 44,000 homes • Public service company of Oklahoma • 98 GE 1.5 MW turbines • $150,000 payment in lieu of taxes to Weatherford school district for 5 years • $16 million contribution from FPL over the next two decades

  26. Wind Farm Concerns

  27. Are wind turbines noisy? Properly maintained wind farms are no noisier than a kitchen refrigerator when sited 750 to 1000 feet from a residence. Wind Turbine 45 Decibels

  28. Wind Turbine Impacts on Birds & Bats Birds Bats GAO 2005: “In the context of other sources of avian [mortality], it does not appear that wind power is responsible for a significant number of bird deaths.” Bats may be a potential issue, currently there is an ongoing study at OSU looking at the impact of the wind farms on the bats. Technology such as avian radars are now being implemented to “see” and classify the size of the migrating birds before they reach the wind farms. DeTect Inc.

  29. Do wind turbines effect the hunting industry? Landowners at the Blue Canyon Wind Farm have said the turbines do not scare away the deer or elk.

  30. The Future of Wind Power In Oklahoma

  31. The Future of Wind Power In Oklahoma HB2813 signed into law in 2008 Enables Upgraded Transmission Cost To Be Past On To The Consumer New OG&E Transmission line OKC>Woodward>Panhandle Oklahoma utilities committed to increasing wind power OG&E, PSO, and Western Farmers Coop. plans to increase wind generated electricity PSO at 11% by end of 2009 OG&E has request for proposal out for 300 MW OG&E recently stated no new gas, coal or nuclear plants until 2020. As of June 2008, 8550 MW of requested development have been submitted to the SPP queue, 4450 MW of which are for the panhandle.

  32. Who is Going To Build Oklahoma Wind Farms? Oklahoma Wind Technician Programs: Oklahoma City Community College Oklahoma State University - OKC High Plains Technology Center, Woodward, OK Tulsa Community College

  33. What About the State of the Economy? A 3-year Production Tax Credit (PTC) extension through the end of 2012. Can also be transferred to Investment Tax Credit (ITC) turning into 30% cash credit to use toward project. A new $6 billion Department of Energy renewable energy and transmission loan guarantee program, which should fund around $60 billion in principal amount of guaranteed loans.

  34. The Future of Wind Power In Oklahoma • NREL predicts OK 2nd largest generator in nation by 2030 • NREL estimates more than $8.8 billion in property taxes and land leases between 2007 and 2030 • Manufacturing & development is expected to bring 15,000 new jobs to Oklahoma by 2030 • http://www.20percentwind.org

  35. What Does 20% Wind Look Like? The white square in the center of a state represents the land area needed for a single wind farm to produce the projected installed capacity in that state. March 10, 2014

  36. Oklahoma Department of Commerce from the U.S. Department of Energy State Energy Program Wind Powering America Acknowledgments

  37. What is the estimated annual wind speed average at my house? OWPI Wind Resource Map: http://www.ocgi.okstate.edu/owpi/ 3Tier Firstlook: http://firstlook.3tiergroup.com/ AWS Truewind Wind Navigator: http://navigator.awstruewind.com/ Oklahoma AWS Truewind Map: http://www.okcommerce.gov/index.php?Itemid=837&id=2789&option=com_content&task=view Resources

  38. How can I get A list of known developers in Oklahoma? Contact: OWPI (405)325-8870 State Energy Program (405)815-5249 Resources

  39. Questions? Angie Albers, Project Coordinator Oklahoma Wind Power Initiative (405) 325-8870 albers@ou.edu