sns instruments overview l.
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  1. HYSPEC IDT Meeting SNS INSTRUMENTS OVERVIEW R. K. Crawford Instrument Systems Senior Team Leader September 10, 2004

  2. The Spallation Neutron Source • The SNS will begin operation in 2006 • At 1.4 MW it will be ~8x ISIS, the world’s leading pulsed spallation source • The peak neutron flux will be ~20–100x ILL • SNS will be the world’s leading facility for neutron scattering • It will be a short drive from HFIR, a reactor source with a flux comparable to the ILL

  3. Target Region Within Core Vessel Target Module with jumpers Outer Reflector Plug Target Moderators Core Vessel water cooled shielding Core Vessel Multi-channel flange

  4. Instrument Layout SNS SING UNIV NUC-PH CANADA Unfunded 11A - Powder Diffractometer – SNS Funded – Commission 2007 7 - Engineering Diffractometer – IDT CFI Funded – Commission 2008 6 - SANS – SNS Funded – Commission 2007 12 - Single Crystal Diffractometer – DOE Funded (SING) – Commission 2009 5 - Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer – IDT DOE Funded – Commission 2007 13 - Fundamental Physics Beamline – IDT DOE Funded – Commission TBD 4B - Liquids Reflectometer – SNS Funded – Commission 2006 14B - Hybrid Spectrometer – DOE Funded (SING) – Commission 2011 4A - Magnetism Reflectometer – SNS Funded – Commission 2006 15 – Spin Echo 3 - High Pressure Diffractometer – DOE Funded (SING) – Commission 2008 17 - High Resolution Chopper Spectrometer – DOE Funded (SING) – Commission 2008 18 - Wide Angle Chopper Spectrometer – IDT DOE Funded – Commission 2007 1B - Disordered Mat’ls Diffractometer – DOE Funded (SING) – Commission 2010 2 - Backscattering Spectrometer – SNS Funded – Commission 2006

  5. Instrument Status • Final design review for 5 SNS Project instruments Sept 28-Oct 1 • Installation has started • Evacuated scattering tank for backscattering spectrometer • Core vessel inserts • First 3 ready for commissioning April 2006 • CNCS and ARCS progress review held in August – both scheduled for completion by end of FY2006 • SNAP and SEQUOIA preliminary design review held in May – both currently undergoing baseline review and scheduled for completion in 2008 • Other instruments in various stages of design

  6. Instrument Installation has begun! 13th March

  7. Installation

  8. Core Vessel Inserts Core vessel inserts in various stages of fabrication and assembly

  9. SNS Component Development/Support • Data Acquisition System • Detectors • Neutron Choppers • Sample Environment • Analysis Software

  10. Data Acquisition Satellite Computers: Chopper, Sample Environment etc. Preprocessor Cluster Chopper Interface Accelerator Interface Control Computer External Interfaces Detector Electronics Detectors Soft Real Time Fire Wall File Server Real Time • Basic hardware and software components for data acquisition all exist in prototype form. System design is standard to all instruments. • Integrated system demonstrated provided at April EFAC meeting

  11. Detector Selections • Reflectometers (2) • BNL 20 cm x 20 cm 3He Area PSDs • Backscattering Spectrometer • 15 cm x 1.3 cm 3He LPSDs • ARCS Spectrometer • 100 cm x 2.5 cm 3He LPSDs • Powder Diffractometer and VULCAN • LiF/ZnS scintillator screens coupled with wavelength shifting fibers and phototubes • SCD and MANDI • Anger camera scintillation detector • SNAP • Anger camera scintillation detector • SEQUOIA Spectrometer • 120 cm x 2.5 cm 3He LPSDs • CNCS Spectrometer • 3He LPSDs • SANS • 100 cm x 0.8 cm 3He LPSDs, 1 m x 1 m array

  12. Neutron Choppers • Fabrication and assembly of T0 chopper for powder diffractometer underway. BW Choppers for Backscattering Spect. • Five 60-Hz bandwidth choppers have been delivered by Astrium, and have completed testing in the chopper lab at Argonne. • Second procurement for 60-Hz bandwidth choppers has been awarded to Revolve. These will be magnetic bearing choppers.

  13. Sample Environment Activities • Standards • Documented standards for sample environment mechanical interfaces to instruments • Communication protocols developed and standardized • Functioning communication system tested • Prototype development • Procuring several equipment items to develop sample holders, cryostat tails, etc • SBIR/STTR with Containerless Research, Inc to develop automated sample changing at low and high temperatures • Developing rapid-change refrigerator in collaboration with Penn State

  14. Sample Environment Activities – cont’d • Basic suite of general sample environment equipment will be procured in FY06-FY07 using operating budget • Inventory will be adequate to meet all needs for standard sample environments • Operating staff adequate to support needs for all operating instruments will be ramped up beginning in FY2005 • Working with user groups to identify needs and pursue development of equipment for specialized sample environments • White paper and draft policy on magnetic field interference issues • Self-compensated high-field magnets

  15. Analysis Software • SNS is assuming an active role in the development of data analysis software • The NESSI workshop to document requirements for such software was held at SNS October 13-15, 2003 • Draft requirements document prepared • SNS team leader for scientific computation (Steve Miller) on board • Preliminary implementation plan prepared • Extensive international collaboration • Part of team is already at work

  16. Present Experimental Facilities Organization

  17. Summary • 16 instruments in various stages of design, procurement, and installation (5 of them in SING Project) • Common components infrastructure development is active – data acquisition, detectors, choppers, sample environment, analysis software • Starting to change staffing mix to support installation and operation • First instruments begin commissioning in 2006