Understanding Our Past: The Dawn of History, Beginnings of Civilization, Geography

Understanding Our Past: The Dawn of History, Beginnings of Civilization, Geography

This topic delves into the study of human history, from the earliest known times to the beginning of civilization. It examines the geography and resources available to

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About Understanding Our Past: The Dawn of History, Beginnings of Civilization, Geography

PowerPoint presentation about 'Understanding Our Past: The Dawn of History, Beginnings of Civilization, Geography'. This presentation describes the topic on This topic delves into the study of human history, from the earliest known times to the beginning of civilization. It examines the geography and resources available to. The key topics included in this slideshow are . Download this presentation absolutely free.

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Slide1Understanding our PastThe Dawn of History Beginnings of Civilization

Slide2Geography The study of people, their environments and the resources available to them.

Slide35 Themes of Geography#1 LOCATION  Location:  Pinpoint the location of the place being studied- uses  longitude-  the  east and west  of the Prime Meridian and  Latitude  the distance  north and south  of the equator. “Where in the world are you?”

Slide4#2 Place What are the physical features of this location and the people who live there? “Why is that hairy guy jumping into the waterfall?”

Slide5#3 Human-Environment Interaction Humans are shaped by the environment in which they live  Humans shape the environment in which they live Who needs trees when you can have Amazon Disney?

Slide6#4 Movement The transporting of people, goods and ideas from one place to another Pack up the recipe for Crusty Crab Burgers…we’re moving!

Slide7#5 Region Divisions in the world that share a common theme:  Geographers can divide the world by physical characteristics, political, economic or cultural features

Slide8Prehistory A time before writing was invented  No cities, governments or complex inventions

Slide9Anthropology Studies the origins and development of societies and people  Different specialties within the field  Cultural in this field means life of a society is handed down between generations

Slide10Archaeology A branch of anthropology that studies past people and cultures  Archaeologist examine artifacts from the past to understand how people lived  Rely on Technology

Slide11Technology From an archaeological point of view technology refers to the skills and tools people use to meet their needs

Slide12The Old Stone AgePaleolithic Age   Dates from about 2 million BC- to the first stone tools  10,000 BC  Period ends with the introduction of farming  Broken into 3 eras  Early (Lower) Paleolithic 2 million -250,000 years ago  Middle Paleolithic 250,00-45,000 years ago  Late (Upper) Paleolithic 45,000 – 20,000 years ago (cave drawings)

Slide13Paleolithic People Hunters and gathers  Nomads- they moved from place to place- following the herds and vegetation Stone Tools from the Lower Paleolithic Period—Olduvai Gorge Tanzania

Slide14Paleolithic Religion Evidence of animism has been found  Belief that everything living and inanimate has a spirit and soul  Considered the oldest religion  Example Cave paintings asking spirits for help with a good hunt

Slide15Mother Goddess Mother Goddess ensures    the continuation of the    clan

Slide16Agricultural Revolution Leads To NeolithicAge  The ability to farm transformed Paleolithic people into the Neolithic age  Began about 11, 000 years ago in the Middle East  Nomadic lifestyle was abandoned  Domestication of animals  Increase in Population  Specialization in work

Slide17Farming  Domestication of animals  Increase in Population  Specialization in work force  Increase in new technologies  (calendars, woven cloth, stone axes)

Slide18Beginnings of Civilization A  civilization   is a complex, highly organized social order.  Earliest civilizations began along rivers

Slide19Tigris – Euphrates RiversModern Day Iraq

Slide20Nile River Valley

Slide21Indus Valley Civilization- India- PakistanRegion

Slide22Yellow River- China

Slide23Civilizations in the Americas Incas, Aztecs emerged in the highlands of Peru and Mexico  Focus was religious centers

Slide24Features of a Civilization Despite arising in different parts of the globe all ancient civilizations shared 8 features

Slide25#1 Cities At the heart of all civilizations was a major city Ruins of Harappa- Mohenjo-Daro Region of India

Slide26#2 Organized Government As society become more complex city governments were needed to organize society  First Priests then warrior kings became political leaders

Slide27#3 Complex Religions Polytheistic  Neolithic People believed in multiple gods Sumerian Ziggurat – in modern day Iraq

Slide28#4 Job Specialization No longer needed everyone to hunt and gather  Increased population allowed people to specialize in certain crafts– many became artisans

Slide29#5 Social Classes Specialization led to classes  People were ranked by their jobs  Priests and nobles usually at the top  Wealthy merchants  Artisans  Peasant Farmers –lived by the city in outlining villages

Slide30Social Hierarchy Priests  Merchants  Artisans  Peasant Farmers  

Slide31#6 Arts and Architecture Expressed the beliefs and values of the people  Buildings were a sign of wealth and strength

Slide32#7 Public Works Building projects that support the city  Irrigation systems, roads, bridges and defensive walls

Slide33#8 Writing Priests were the first to use writing  Primary use for agriculture-record grain collected, accurate info about seasons  Earliest was  pictograms-simple drawings that looked like the objects they represented

Slide34Cultural Diffusion A civilizations grew so did trade and interaction with other people  Cultural Diffusion is the spread of ideas, customs and technologies from one people to another.  It occurs through trade, migration and warfare