The Importance of the Sun for Earth's Survival
The sun provides us with light, heat, and energy for life through photosynthesis. However, solar phenomena such as UV radiation and charged particles can also have negative effects on Earth's environment. This article will explore the benefits and drawbacks of our beautiful, life-giving star.
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About The Importance of the Sun for Earth's Survival
PowerPoint presentation about 'The Importance of the Sun for Earth's Survival'. This presentation describes the topic on The sun provides us with light, heat, and energy for life through photosynthesis. However, solar phenomena such as UV radiation and charged particles can also have negative effects on Earth's environment. This article will explore the benefits and drawbacks of our beautiful, life-giving star.. The key topics included in this slideshow are sun, Earth, solar phenomena, UV radiation, photosynthesis,. Download this presentation absolutely free.
1. Sun-Earth Connections Effects of solar phenomena on Earth
2. The sun: our beautiful, peaceful, life-giving star.
3. What do we get from the sun? Light Heat Photosynthesis >>> LIFE! UV for tanning, sunburn & skin cancer Ozone layer provides some UV filtering A steady flux of charged particles Most deflected by Earths magnetic field
4. Diversion: find the dot. What is it?
5. Not a sunspot, but the shuttle!
6. The spotty sun
8. Inside the sun, and other stars like the sun Three main interior zones: 1. Core, where fusion happens 2. Radiative Layer 3. Convective Layer Surface Atmosphere
9. 80,000 K 1,000,000 K
10. 1,500,000 K 2,000,000 K
11. A roiling mass of plasma
15. SUPERCOMPUTER SUNSPOT Researchers at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado, have created an unprecedented 3D supercomputer model of a sunspot. The result is not only scientificially informative, but also a thing of beauty:
17. What goes on below the surface subsurface cross section of two sunspots. Lighter/brighter colors = stronger magnetic field First glimpse below the visible surface to understand underlying physical processes http://www.ucar.edu/news/releases/2009/sun spotvisuals.shtml
19. The sun affects the Earth environment November 6, 1997: 12:36 UT
20. Coronal mass ejection (CME)
21. Interacting magnetic fields (not to scale!)
25. Major white light flare
26. No big deal. Right? Wrong. Major solar storm can disrupt or destroy power grids on a large scale 1989 Quebec event offers a hint of what could happen Sun is the quietest now as it has been for the last 100 years Present technology developed during this quiet period Doubtful if it could survive a Carrington event
27. Richard Carringtons 1859 sunspot & flare drawing
28. Carrinton event - 1859 Giant spots, flare, CME Most severe space weather event in history Eight days long Stunning aurorae at equatorial latitudes Global telegraph network disrupted, operators suffered electric shocks Magnetometers driven off scale
29. From solar wind to solar storm High-energy charged particles leave the sun as the solar wind all the time CMEs release billion-tonne blobs of it If it strikes * , it changes configuration of Earths magnetic field Induces huge DC currents in power grid transmission lines swamps transformers, which melt This was the 1989 Quebec event
30. A Carrington event today Modern high-voltage, interconnected grid is very vulnerable Grids are efficient antennas, channeling huge DC to transformers, killing them All developed countries depend on grid for power, water & sewage, transportation, emergency services, navigation, communications, etc. Increasingly we rely on vulnerable satellite technology too
32. NASA & NAS worst-case study predicts: 15 minutes warning 300 key transformers gone in 90 seconds Catastrophic loss of critical infrastructure Health care systems collapse in 3 days Coal-fired power gone in 30 days Millions of lives lost 4-10 years to recover
33. The good news: With enough warning utilities and space programs can take precautions to avoid worst damage ACE satellite monitors the sun, BUT: ACE is aging and needs replacing Hard to inspire action in preparation for something that hasnt happened in living memory Unlikely does not equal wont happen Next solar max in 2012 predicted to be big
34. The sun: not boring at all, eh?
35. NASA STEREO Mission