Changing Trends in Human Populations: Challenges and Strategies
This article explores the changing trends in human populations and the challenges they pose, including rapid growth and its impact on resources like fuelwood and water. The article also examines strategies to manage development and population growth, as well as projections for the year 2050.
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About Changing Trends in Human Populations: Challenges and Strategies
PowerPoint presentation about 'Changing Trends in Human Populations: Challenges and Strategies'. This presentation describes the topic on This article explores the changing trends in human populations and the challenges they pose, including rapid growth and its impact on resources like fuelwood and water. The article also examines strategies to manage development and population growth, as well as projections for the year 2050.. The key topics included in this slideshow are human population, changing trends, rapid growth, resources, population growth management, projections,. Download this presentation absolutely free.
1. The Human Population Section 2 Section 2: Changing Population Trends Preview Classroom Catalyst Objectives Changing Population Trends Problems of Rapid Growth A Shortage of Fuelwood Unsafe Water Impacts on Land
2. The Human Population Section 2 Section 2: Changing Population Trends Preview, continued A Demographically Diverse World Managing Development and Population Growth Growth Is Slowing Projections to 2050
3. The Human Population Section 2 Classroom Catalyst
4. The Human Population Section 2 Objectives Describe three problems caused by rapid human population growth. Compare population growth problems in more- developed countries and less developed countries. Analyze strategies countries may use to reduce their population growth. Describe worldwide population projections into the next century.
5. The Human Population Section 2 Changing Population Trends Throughout history, and currently in many parts of the world, populations that have high rates of growth create environmental problems. A rapidly growing population uses resources at an increased rate and can overwhelm the infrastructure of a community. Infrastructure is the basic facilities of a country or region, such as roads, bridges, sewers, power plants, subways, schools, and hospitals.
6. The Human Population Section 2 Problems of Rapid Growth A rapidly growing population can use resources faster than the environment can renew them, unless resources come from elsewhere. Standards of living decline when wood is removed from local forests faster that it can grow back, or when wastes overwhelm local water sources. Symptoms of overwhelming populations include suburban sprawl, polluted rivers, barren land, inadequate housing, and overcrowded schools.
7. The Human Population Section 2 A Shortage of Fuelwood In many of the poorest countries, wood is the main fuel source. When populations are stable, people use fallen tree limbs for fuel. When populations grow rapidly, deadwood does not accumulate fast enough to provide enough fuel. People then begin cutting down living trees, which reduces the amount of wood available in each new year.
8. The Human Population Section 2 A Shortage of Fuelwood A supply of fuel ensures that a person can boil water and cook food. In many parts of the world, water taken directly from wells is not safe to drink. Food is often unsafe to eat unless it is cooked. Water can be sterilized, and food can be cooked, but fuel is need to do so. Without enough fuelwood, many people suffer from disease and malnutrition.
9. The Human Population Section 2 Unsafe Water In places that lack infrastructure, the local water supply may be used not only for drinking and washing but also for sewage disposal. As a result, the water supply becomes a breeding ground for organisms that can cause diseases such as dysentery, typhoid, and cholera. Many cities have populations that are doubling every 15 years, and water systems cannot be expanded fast enough to keep up with this growth.
10. The Human Population Section 2 Impacts on Land Growing populations may have a shortage of arable land. Arable land is farmland that can be used to grow crops. Growing populations also make trade-offs between competing uses for land such as agriculture, housing, or natural habitats.
11. The Human Population Section 2 Impacts on Land For example, Egypt has a population of more than 69 million that depends on farming within the narrow Nile River valley. Most of the country is desert, and less than 4 percent of Egypts land is arable. The Nile River Valley is also where the jobs are located, and where most Egyptians live. They continue to build housing on what was once farmland, which reduces Egypts available arable land.
12. The Human Population Section 2 Impacts on Land Urbanization is an increase in the ratio or density of people living in urban areas rather than in rural areas. People often find work in the cities but move into suburban areas around the cities. This suburban sprawl leads to traffic jams, inadequate infrastructure, and reduction of land for farms, ranches, and wildlife habitat. Meanwhile, housing within cities becomes more costly, more dense, and in shorter supply.
13. The Human Population Section 2 Not every country in the world is progressing through each stage of demographic transition. Some countries now have modern industries, but incomes remain low. A few countries have achieved stable and educated populations with little industrialization. Some countries seem to remain in the second stage and are unable to make enough educational and economic gains to reduce birth rates and move into the third stage. A Demographically Diverse World
14. The Human Population Section 2 In recent years, the international community has begun to focus on the least developed countries. Least developed countries are countries that have been identified by the united Nations as showing the fewest signs of development in terms of income, human resources, and economic diversity. These countries may be given priority for foreign aid and development programs to address their population and environmental problems. A Demographically Diverse World
15. The Human Population Section 2 Populations still grow rapidly in less developed countries, with most of the worlds population now within Asia. A Demographically Diverse World
16. The Human Population Section 2 Today, less developed countries face the likelihood that continued population growth will prevent them from imitating the development of the worlds economic leaders. Countries such as China, Thailand, and India have created campaigns to reduce the fertility rates of their citizens. These campaigns include public advertising, family planning programs, economic incentives, or legal punishment. Managing Development and Population Growth
17. The Human Population Section 2 In 1994, the United Nations held the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), It involved debates about the relationships between population, development, and the environment. Many countries favor stabilizing population growth through investments in development, especially through improvements in womens status. Managing Development and Population Growth
18. The Human Population Section 2 MDG: Goals for 2015
19. The Human Population Section 2 With these goals, worldwide fertility rates are dropping as shown below. Managing Development and Population
20. The Human Population Section 2 Growth Is Slowing Fertility rates have declined in both more-developed and less-developed regions. Demographers predict that this trend will continue and that worldwide population growth will be slower this century than the last century. If current trends continue, most countries will have replacement level fertility rates by 2050. If so, world population growth would eventually stop.
21. The Human Population Section 2 Projections to 2050 Looking at the graph below, most demographers predict the medium growth rate, and a world population of 9 billion in 2050.